The braket package has convenient commands like \Braket and \Set, where | are automatically expanded vertically. This allows to easily typeset expressions like

$$\Braket{\psi |i\hbar\frac{\partial}{\partial t}|\phi}$$ 

I'd like to do the same thing with other delimiters, for example to typeset conditional probabilities like $P(A=\frac12|B)$.

Edit to clarify the question I'm interested to cases where I don't know which size of the |-sign is the biggest. An example could be $P(A=\frac12|B=2^{2^2})$.


Use \middle|

$P\left( A = \frac{1}{2} \middle| B \right)$
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    One should note that \middle| doesn't add space around the bar and so \;\middle|\; should be used. Even better, \nonscript\;\middle|\nonscript\; if this is used in a macro for something that can go into subscripts or superscripts. – egreg Nov 27 '11 at 20:21
  • @egreg: I usually use \,\middle\, in macros, but \; is better. – Aditya Nov 27 '11 at 20:38
  • isn't \middle e-tex specific ? If yes wouldn't that h-complicate the exchanges of documents with colleagues ? – Frédéric Grosshans Nov 28 '11 at 10:35
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    @FrédéricGrosshans Only very old distributions don't use by default an e-TeX enabled engine for LaTeX – egreg Nov 28 '11 at 10:41
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    OK. Then I'll try this and come back when I encounter an overconservative colleague :-) Thanks. – Frédéric Grosshans Nov 28 '11 at 10:50

One could also use \vert as an additional nested bracket like in:

$P\left( \left. A = \frac{1}{2} \,\right\vert B \right)$
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    This would only work as expected if B in your example isn't awkwardly big. Otherwise \right\vert won't scale to the appropriate length. In such a case \right\vert and \right) won't have the same height. – Werner Aug 17 '16 at 0:21

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