Greek and Hebrew in a single pdflatex babel document

The following creates a perfect english document with some greek letters:

\documentclass[]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[polutonikogreek,english]{babel}

\begin{document}
English or \textgreek{ανηρ} text.
\end{document}


However, when I add this, It gets all upset about the hebrew characters being invalid characters.:

\documentclass[]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[polutonikogreek,hebrew,english]{babel}

\begin{document}
English or \textgreek{ανηρ} text.

And this גהר.
\end{document}


I have tried changing And this גהר., guessing there might be something like And this \texthebrew{גהר}. but I guess there is not?

I wonder if anyone can point me in the right direction. (In case it matters, I am trying to stuff this in a beamer document. The above is jut my MWE)

This related question does not answer the question for Hebrew: How to use both English and Greek (Tex Live & pdflatex) and even Hebrew easily in one document

This related question uses polyglossa instead of babel for xelatex users Perfect example document (template) for English, Greek and Hebrew (XeLaTeX)

• I made the experience that pdfLaTeX+babel do not work well with Hebrew. I strongly suggest to use XeLaTeX+polyglossia. – Christian Apr 17 '17 at 7:56
• @christian I am testing out texpad for iOS which doesn't support xelatex (they say its something about licensing, I'm not sure why). – Jacob Apr 17 '17 at 10:45
• Do you have a font for Hebrew in texpad? – Christian Apr 17 '17 at 14:58
• I changed the inputenc from utf to utf8x and now I get the error that the Hebrew letters are not available in T1 - so I think the problem are the missing fonts. Can you use culmus-latex in texpad? – Christian Apr 17 '17 at 16:13
• Did you try \usepackage[T1,HE8]{fontenc}? – Christian Apr 17 '17 at 16:54

I think the main problem is that the Hebrew fonts are missing. After installing the Hebrew fonts from CTAN, the following code compiles with pdfLaTeX (using texlive) without any errors:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}
\usepackage[polutonikogreek,hebrew,english]{babel}

\begin{document}
English or \textgreek{ανηρ} text.

And this \foreignlanguage{hebrew}{גהר}.
\end{document}


Please note that I also changed the input encryption to utf8x. Unfortunately, the above puts "גהר" at the right end of the line (since Hebrew is written from right to left).

A really dirty hack to solve this problem using this answer could be to use the calc package and define the command \inlinehebrew in the following way:

\usepackage{calc}
\newcommand{\inlinehebrew}[1]{%
\parbox{\widthof{\foreignlanguage{hebrew}{#1}}}{\foreignlanguage{hebrew}{#1}}}


Then

And this \inlinehebrew{גהר}.


generates the following output

And this גהר.


but, since it includes a parbox, it breaks many things and can only be used for very short texts.

Let me add two remarks in passing:

• Although not applicable in your situation: Because of the hassles involved in the above solution, I strongly recommend using Xe(La)TeX and polyglossia for writing Hebrew in LaTeX.
• Instead of using the (old) Hebrew fonts linked above, it might be better to use culmus-latex which uses the culmus fonts which in opinion look nicer.
• I agree polyglossa and xelatex work a lot better, however sadly xelatex is not supported by texpad on iOS. – Jacob Apr 17 '17 at 23:02
• The above should work with pdfLaTeX. Does it work in texpad? – Christian Apr 18 '17 at 6:31