2

I used @Zarko's proposed code. So far, it works except for the multirows, which seem to fall out of the page frame as illustrated in the screenshot. Does anybody have an idea?

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[onehalfspacing]{setspace}
\usepackage[american]{babel}
\usepackage{booktabs, multirow, longtable, tabu}
\usepackage{siunitx}

\usepackage{color}
\definecolor{gray}{rgb}{0.8,0.8,0.8}
\usepackage{colortbl}    


\begin{document}

\begin{longtabu} to \textwidth { X[1, l] X[1, l] 
                           *{6}{S[table-format=2.3]}
                            }
\toprule
\toprule
& & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}} & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
\cmidrule(lr){3-5}\cmidrule(lr){6-8}
& & {contrast} & {t} & {p} & {contrast} & {t} & {p} \\ 
\endfirsthead
\toprule
& & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}} & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
& & contrast & t & p & contrast & t & p \\
\toprule
\endhead
\bottomrule
\multicolumn{8}{r}{continued on the next page} \\
\endfoot
\bottomrule
\bottomrule
\endlastfoot

\toprule
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group1}} \\
\toprule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design1}}  
& pos1 & 15.05 & 1.06 & 0.145 & -3.41 & -0.28 & 0.610 \\
& pos2 & 9.20 & 0.65 & 0.258 & -4.02 & -0.32 & 0.627 \\
& pos3 & 32.92 & 2.30 & \cellcolor{gray}0.011 & 4.87 & 0.40 & 0.344 \\
& pos4 & 6.46 & 0.69 & 0.247 & 3.94 & 0.45 & 0.327 \\
& pos5 & 10.99 & 0.87 & 0.191 & 0.41 & 0.03 & 0.486 \\
& pos6 & 36.70 & 2.20 & \cellcolor{gray}0.014 & 30.20 & 1.94 & \cellcolor{gray}0.026 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design2}}
& pos1 & 6.51 & 0.87 & 0.192 & -2.79 & -0.41 & 0.661 \\
& pos2 & 1.91 & 0.29 & 0.385 & -3.21 & -0.54 & 0.706 \\
& pos3 & 16.49 & 2.52 & \cellcolor{gray}0.006 & 4.21 & 0.73 & 0.233 \\
& pos4 & 4.42 & 0.96 & 0.168 & 1.15 & 0.28 & 0.391 \\
& pos5 & 0.13 & 0.02 & 0.491 & -0.26 & -0.05 & 0.521 \\
& pos6 & 11.73 & 1.63 & \cellcolor{gray}0.052 & 12.18 & 1.88 & \cellcolor{gray}0.031 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design3}}
& pos1 & 17.02 & 1.18 & 0.119 & -5.75 & -0.46 & 0.678 \\
& pos2 & 11.08 & 0.77 & 0.220 & -3.85 & -0.30 & 0.618 \\
& pos3 & 35.82 & 2.41 & \cellcolor{gray}0.008 & 6.00 & 0.48 & 0.316 \\
& pos4 & 9.59 & 0.96 & 0.170 & 1.78 & 0.19 & 0.423 \\
& pos5 & 9.25 & 0.70 & 0.243 & 0.86 & 0.07 & 0.472 \\
& pos6 & 34.91 & 1.99 & \cellcolor{gray}0.024 & 32.28 & 2.04 & \cellcolor{gray}0.021 \\
\toprule
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group2}} \\
\toprule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design1}}
& pos1 & 16.98 & 1.07 & 0.142 & -10.16 & -0.70 & 0.759 \\
& pos2 & 18.47 & 1.10 & 0.136 & 2.77 & 0.18 & 0.429 \\
& pos3 & 15.28 & 1.23 & 0.110 & 16.18 & 1.41 & 0.079 \\
& pos4 & 21.38 & 1.92 & \cellcolor{gray}0.027 & -0.18 & -0.02 & 0.507 \\
& pos5 & 30.56 & 2.54 & \cellcolor{gray}0.006 & 16.49 & 1.50 & 0.067 \\
& pos6 & 29.32 & 3.40 & \cellcolor{gray}0.000 & -7.31 & -0.98 & 0.836 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design2}}
& pos1 & 5.45 & 0.71 & 0.239 & -3.97 & -0.56 & 0.712 \\
& pos2 & 9.89 & 1.48 & 0.070 & -0.84 & -0.14 & 0.554 \\
& pos3 & 7.32 & 1.38 & 0.084 & 4.53 & 0.93 & 0.176 \\
& pos4 & 10.15 & 2.04 & \cellcolor{gray}0.021 & -0.86 & -0.19 & 0.575 \\
& pos5 & 11.09 & 2.20 & \cellcolor{gray}0.014 & 3.13 & 0.67 & 0.250 \\
& pos6 & 9.31 & 1.88 & \cellcolor{gray}0.030 & -3.42 & -0.75 & 0.774 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design3}}
& pos1 & 16.54 & 1.06 & 0.145 & -7.81 & -0.55 & 0.709 \\
& pos2 & 11.86 & 0.72 & 0.236 & -6.58 & -0.43 & 0.667 \\
& pos3 & 15.75 & 1.29 & 0.099 & 14.89 & 1.32 & 0.093 \\
& pos4 & 25.87 & 2.36 & \cellcolor{gray}0.009 & -1.19 & -0.12 & 0.548 \\
& pos5 & 30.73 & 2.59 & \cellcolor{gray}0.005 & 14.17 & 1.31 & 0.096 \\
& pos6 & 31.61 & 3.66 & \cellcolor{gray}0.000 & -6.28 & -0.85 & 0.802 \\
\end{longtabu}

\end{document}

enter image description here

1
  • 1
    your new images are not produced with your code in question ... regarding to these images I wonder, what actually is your problem? According to image you had solved your problem, however hide solution :(
    – Zarko
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 20:51

2 Answers 2

2

with using siunitx package:

enter image description here

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[american]{babel}
\usepackage{siunitx} % <-- added
\usepackage{booktabs, multirow, longtable, tabu}
\usepackage[onehalfspacing]{setspace}


%\usepackage{showframe}
\begin{document}

\begin{longtabu} to \textwidth { X[1.5, l] X[1, l] 
                               *{6}{S[table-format=2.3]} % <-- changed
                                }
\toprule
    & & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}}   & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
    \cmidrule(lr){3-5}\cmidrule(lr){6-8}
    & & {contrast} & {t} & {p}              & {contrast} & {t} & {p}            \\ 
\midrule
\endfirsthead
\toprule
    & & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}}   & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
    \cmidrule(lr){3-5}\cmidrule(lr){6-8}
    & & contrast & t & p                    & contrast & t & p \\
\midrule
\endhead
    \bottomrule
\multicolumn{8}{r}{continued on the next page} \\
\endfoot
\bottomrule
\endlastfoot
% end of tabu preamble
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group 1}} \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design1}}  
    & pos1  & 15.05 & 1.06 & 0.145 & -3.41 & -0.28 & 0.610 \\
    & pos2  & 9.20  & 0.65 & 0.258 & -4.02 & -0.32 & 0.627 \\
    & pos3  & 32.92 & 2.30 & 0.011 &  4.87 &  0.40 & 0.344 \\
    & pos4  & 6.46  & 0.69 & 0.247 &  3.94 &  0.45 & 0.327 \\
    & pos5  & 10.99 & 0.87 & 0.191 &  0.41 &  0.03 & 0.486 \\
    & pos6  & 36.70 & 2.20 & 0.014 & 30.20 &  1.94 & 0.026 \\
%\midrule
\end{longtabu}

\end{document}

I also changed longtabu "premble" -- remove duplicated rules. Showed reult is obtained after second run of MWE compilation.

Edit: With my MWE, now completed with whole table I obtain desired and expected result:

enter image description here

Please, observe differences between proposed MWE below and your code in question! In my MWE I put significant amount of effort needed to clean-up your code. In it are removed all unnecessary \multicolumns, redesigned definitions for headers and footers, changes may wrong used rules etc:

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[american]{babel}
\usepackage{siunitx}
\usepackage{booktabs, multirow, longtable, tabu}
\usepackage[onehalfspacing]{setspace}

%---------------------------------------------------------------%
\usepackage{showframe}% to show page layout
\renewcommand\ShowFrameLinethickness{0.15pt}
\renewcommand*\ShowFrameColor{\color{red}}
%---------------------------------------------------------------%
\begin{document}

\begin{longtabu} to \textwidth { X[1.5, l] X[1, l]
                               *{6}{S[table-format=2.3]}
                                }
\toprule
    & & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}}   & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
    \cmidrule(lr){3-5}\cmidrule(lr){6-8}
    & & {contrast} & {t} & {p}              & {contrast} & {t} & {p}            \\
\midrule
\endfirsthead
\toprule
    & & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}}   & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
    \cmidrule(lr){3-5}\cmidrule(lr){6-8}
    & & contrast & t & p                    & contrast & t & p \\
\midrule
\endhead
    \bottomrule
\multicolumn{8}{r}{continued on the next page} \\
\endfoot
\bottomrule
\endlastfoot
% end of tabu preamble
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group 1}} \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design1}}
    & pos1  & 15.05 & 1.06 & 0.145 & -3.41 & -0.28 & 0.610 \\
    & pos2  & 9.20  & 0.65 & 0.258 & -4.02 & -0.32 & 0.627 \\
    & pos3  & 32.92 & 2.30 & 0.011 &  4.87 &  0.40 & 0.344 \\
    & pos4  & 6.46  & 0.69 & 0.247 &  3.94 &  0.45 & 0.327 \\
    & pos5  & 10.99 & 0.87 & 0.191 &  0.41 &  0.03 & 0.486 \\
    & pos6  & 36.70 & 2.20 & 0.014 & 30.20 &  1.94 & 0.026 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design2}}  
    & pos1  & 6.51  & 0.87 & 0.192 & -2.79 & -0.41 & 0.661 \\
    & pos2  & 1.91  & 0.29 & 0.385 & -3.21 & -0.54 & 0.706 \\
    & pos3  & 16.49 & 2.52 & 0.006 & 4.21  &  0.73 & 0.233 \\
    & pos4  & 4.42  & 0.96 & 0.168 & 1.15  &  0.28 & 0.391 \\
    & pos5  & 0.13  & 0.02 & 0.491 & -0.26 & -0.05 & 0.521 \\
    & pos6  & 11.73 & 1.63 & 0.052 & 12.18 &  1.88 & 0.031 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design3}}  
    & pos1  & 17.02 & 1.18 & 0.119 & -5.75 & -0.46 & 0.678 \\
    & pos2  & 11.08 & 0.77 & 0.220 & -3.85 & -0.30 & 0.618 \\
    & pos3  & 35.82 & 2.41 & 0.008 &  6.00 &  0.48 & 0.316 \\
    & pos4  & 9.59  & 0.96 & 0.170 &  1.78 &  0.19 & 0.423 \\
    & pos5  & 9.25  & 0.70 & 0.243 &  0.86 &  0.07 & 0.472 \\
    & pos6  & 34.91 & 1.99 & 0.024 & 32.28 &  2.04 & 0.021 \\
\midrule
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group2}} \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design1}}  
    & pos1  & 16.98 & 1.07 & 0.142 & -10.16 & -0.70 & 0.759 \\
    & pos2  & 18.47 & 1.10 & 0.136 &  2.77  &  0.18 & 0.429 \\
    & pos3  & 15.28 & 1.23 & 0.110 & 16.18  &  1.41 & 0.079 \\
    & pos4  & 21.38 & 1.92 & 0.027 & -0.18  & -0.02 & 0.507 \\
    & pos5  & 30.56 & 2.54 & 0.006 & 16.49  &  1.50 & 0.067 \\
    & pos6  & 29.32 & 3.40 & 0.000 & -7.31  & -0.98 & 0.836 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design2}}  
    & pos1  & 5.45  & 0.71 & 0.239 & -3.97 & -0.56 & 0.712 \\
    & pos2  & 9.89  & 1.48 & 0.070 & -0.84 & -0.14 & 0.554 \\
    & pos3  & 7.32  & 1.38 & 0.084 &  4.53 &  0.93 & 0.176 \\
    & pos4  & 10.15 & 2.04 & 0.021 & -0.86 & -0.19 & 0.575 \\
    & pos5  & 11.09 & 2.20 & 0.014 &  3.13 &  0.67 & 0.250 \\
    & pos6  & 9.31  & 1.88 & 0.030 & -3.42 & -0.75 & 0.774 \\
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design3}}  
    & pos1  & 16.54 & 1.06 & 0.145 & -7.81 & -0.55 & 0.709 \\
    & pos2  & 11.86 & 0.72 & 0.236 & -6.58 & -0.43 & 0.667 \\
    & pos3  & 15.75 & 1.29 & 0.099 & 14.89 &  1.32 & 0.093 \\
    & pos4  & 25.87 & 2.36 & 0.009 & -1.19 & -0.12 & 0.548 \\
    & pos5  & 30.73 & 2.59 & 0.005 & 14.17 &  1.31 & 0.096 \\
    &¸pos6  & 31.61 & 3.66 & 0.000 & -6.28 & -0.85 & 0.802 \\
\end{longtabu}

\end{document}

Note: longtable (as well longtabu) try to break table between pages on the begin new rows. In case of use multirow cells, longtable consider them as one row, so it can't be broken between pages (without some package author "black magic", see question: Is it possible for a multirow cell to be split across pages when using longtable).

Since in the my tests of your MWE in question didn't reproduce reported problem I can only concluded,that you have some "black magic" in your computer. An desperate try can be upgrade your LeTeX installation or test your MWE on some other computer or with some other name.

6
  • thanks! I added the result as a pic in my question post. Now the table is too narrow and not aligned. What can I do about this?
    – Vani
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 19:53
  • @Mira, do you compile twice? Image seems to show result after first run of the compiler (LaTeX). longtable as well longtabu had to be compiled twice!
    – Zarko
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 20:16
  • Thanks for reminding! I updated my question again. Everything works fine except the pagebreak problem (picture in the question post). design2 is outside the table. I really don't get why?
    – Vani
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 20:45
  • @Mira, I can't replicate your problem. Please, see edit of my answer. Please test complete MWE, but in this not forget to compile it twice.
    – Zarko
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 21:18
  • 1
    @Mira, I test your modification of my proposed solution. And again, I cant' reproduce your problem! Try to delete all files produced by compilation (.aux, .log, .pdf, ...) and try to compile your MWE again. Also it would be nice and very helpful, that in edits of your question you mentioned, that you use my answer and that it still produce problem which try to clear expose. On this ways more people be able to see your problem and eventually help you. I cannot help you further since since I can't reproduce your problem. I'm confident, that my answer solve your original question.
    – Zarko
    Commented Apr 26, 2017 at 22:05
0

With eg \lipsum[3] before the table your problem would be reproducable.

You can avoid page breaks after tabular lines using \\*. In the following example page breaks only allowed at the rules.

(Regarding a comment in your Crosspost on golatex.de: Surround \cellcolor{gray} by currly braces to align the numbers in these cells too.)

\documentclass[12pt]{article}
\usepackage[onehalfspacing]{setspace}
\usepackage[american]{babel}
\usepackage{booktabs, multirow, longtable, tabu}
\usepackage{siunitx}
\usepackage[table]{xcolor}
\definecolor{gray}{rgb}{0.8,0.8,0.8}
\usepackage{lipsum}% dummy text
\begin{document}
\lipsum[3]

\begin{longtabu} to \textwidth {X[1.5, l] X[1, l] *{6}{S[table-format=2.3]}}
\toprule
& & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}} & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
\cmidrule(lr){3-5}\cmidrule(lr){6-8}
& & {contrast} & {t} & {p} & {contrast} & {t} & {p} \\ 
\endfirsthead
\toprule
& & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def1}} & \multicolumn{3}{c}{\textbf{def2}} \\
& & contrast & t & p & contrast & t & p \\
\midrule[\heavyrulewidth]
\endhead
\multicolumn{8}{r}{continued on the next page} \\
\endfoot
\bottomrule
\endlastfoot

\midrule[\heavyrulewidth]
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group1}} \\*
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design1}}
& pos1 & 15.05 & 1.06 & 0.145 & -3.41 & -0.28 & 0.610 \\*
& pos2 & 9.20 & 0.65 & 0.258 & -4.02 & -0.32 & 0.627 \\*
& pos3 & 32.92 & 2.30 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.011 & 4.87 & 0.40 & 0.344 \\*
& pos4 & 6.46 & 0.69 & 0.247 & 3.94 & 0.45 & 0.327 \\*
& pos5 & 10.99 & 0.87 & 0.191 & 0.41 & 0.03 & 0.486 \\*
& pos6 & 36.70 & 2.20 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.014 & 30.20 & 1.94 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.026 \\*
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design2}}
& pos1 & 6.51 & 0.87 & 0.192 & -2.79 & -0.41 & 0.661 \\*
& pos2 & 1.91 & 0.29 & 0.385 & -3.21 & -0.54 & 0.706 \\*
& pos3 & 16.49 & 2.52 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.006 & 4.21 & 0.73 & 0.233 \\*
& pos4 & 4.42 & 0.96 & 0.168 & 1.15 & 0.28 & 0.391 \\*
& pos5 & 0.13 & 0.02 & 0.491 & -0.26 & -0.05 & 0.521 \\*
& pos6 & 11.73 & 1.63 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.052 & 12.18 & 1.88 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.031 \\*
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design3}}
& pos1 & 17.02 & 1.18 & 0.119 & -5.75 & -0.46 & 0.678 \\*
& pos2 & 11.08 & 0.77 & 0.220 & -3.85 & -0.30 & 0.618 \\*% <- remove this * to reproduce the problem
& pos3 & 35.82 & 2.41 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.008 & 6.00 & 0.48 & 0.316 \\*
& pos4 & 9.59 & 0.96 & 0.170 & 1.78 & 0.19 & 0.423 \\*
& pos5 & 9.25 & 0.70 & 0.243 & 0.86 & 0.07 & 0.472 \\*
& pos6 & 34.91 & 1.99 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.024 & 32.28 & 2.04 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.021 \\*
\midrule[\heavyrulewidth]
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group2}} \\*
\midrule[\heavyrulewidth]
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design1}}
& pos1 & 16.98 & 1.07 & 0.142 & -10.16 & -0.70 & 0.759 \\*
& pos2 & 18.47 & 1.10 & 0.136 & 2.77 & 0.18 & 0.429 \\*
& pos3 & 15.28 & 1.23 & 0.110 & 16.18 & 1.41 & 0.079 \\*
& pos4 & 21.38 & 1.92 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.027 & -0.18 & -0.02 & 0.507 \\*
& pos5 & 30.56 & 2.54 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.006 & 16.49 & 1.50 & 0.067 \\*
& pos6 & 29.32 & 3.40 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.000 & -7.31 & -0.98 & 0.836 \\*
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design2}}
& pos1 & 5.45 & 0.71 & 0.239 & -3.97 & -0.56 & 0.712 \\*
& pos2 & 9.89 & 1.48 & 0.070 & -0.84 & -0.14 & 0.554 \\*
& pos3 & 7.32 & 1.38 & 0.084 & 4.53 & 0.93 & 0.176 \\*
& pos4 & 10.15 & 2.04 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.021 & -0.86 & -0.19 & 0.575 \\*
& pos5 & 11.09 & 2.20 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.014 & 3.13 & 0.67 & 0.250 \\*
& pos6 & 9.31 & 1.88 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.030 & -3.42 & -0.75 & 0.774 \\*
\midrule
\multirow{6}{*}{\textbf{design3}}
& pos1 & 16.54 & 1.06 & 0.145 & -7.81 & -0.55 & 0.709 \\*
& pos2 & 11.86 & 0.72 & 0.236 & -6.58 & -0.43 & 0.667 \\*
& pos3 & 15.75 & 1.29 & 0.099 & 14.89 & 1.32 & 0.093 \\*
& pos4 & 25.87 & 2.36 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.009 & -1.19 & -0.12 & 0.548 \\*
& pos5 & 30.73 & 2.59 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.005 & 14.17 & 1.31 & 0.096 \\*
& pos6 & 31.61 & 3.66 & {\cellcolor{gray}}0.000 & -6.28 & -0.85 & 0.802 \\*
\end{longtabu}
\end{document}

enter image description here

Note that there could be a page break after the rule below of "group" line like in the following picture:

enter image description here

In that case you have to add a page break manually:

\midrule[\heavyrulewidth]\pagebreak
\multicolumn{8}{c}{\textbf{group2}} \\*
\midrule[\heavyrulewidth]
1
  • @Vani I have updated my answer. Now the numbers are aligned for the colored cells, too.
    – esdd
    Commented Apr 27, 2017 at 11:01

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