Inserting a single space in integral

I'm trying to type up my homework, and I can't seem to figure out how to insert a blank horizontal space in this integral like my professor did...

His: Mine: I'm using

$$\iint_S \left(\nabla \times \vec{F}\right) \cdot \vec{n} d\sigma,$$

Thanks for your help.

You have a good eye for the details! So let's look at them more carefully.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\renewcommand{\vec}{\mathbf{#1}}
\newcommand{\diff}{\mathop{}\!d}

\begin{document}

\begin{align}
%
\iint_S \left(\nabla \times \vec{F}\right) \cdot \vec{n} d\sigma
%
\\
%
\iint_S \left(\nabla \times \vec{F}\right) \cdot \vec{n}\,d\sigma
%
\\
%
\iint_S (\nabla \times \vec{F}) \cdot \vec{n}\,d\sigma
%
\\
%
\iint_S (\nabla \times \vec{F}) \cdot \vec{n}\diff\sigma
%
\\
\end{align}

\end{document} Attempt 1 is your original code; attempt 2 has the suggested \,.

Can you spot the difference with attempt 3? Look at the centered dot: in attempt 2 it is not midway from the operands. Why is that? Note I removed \left and \right, which should not generally be used.

Attempt 4 uses \diff\sigma instead of \,d\sigma. This is better not only because you won't forget \,, but also because it allows to change all of your italic “d” for the differential into an upright one, should the need arise, by just modifying the definition.

Don't use $$in LaTeX under any circumstances, see Why is $...$ preferable to$$ ... $$? You can use this code, borrowed from an answer on this site (I don't remember which one): \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{article} \usepackage{mathtools} \newcommand*{\dd}{\mathop{\kern0pt\mathrm{d}}\!{}} \begin{document} $\iint_S (\nabla \times \mathbf{F}) \cdot \mathbf{n} \dd\sigma$% \end{document} Note: Don't use$$ …  for displayed equations. It's plain TeX syntax, and it can give bad spacings. Use $…$ instead. 