# LateX Math Equation Multiple Alignment Issue

How do I correct this alignment problem?

\begin{align}
& \big[ \boldsymbol{V^{2 (n)}} \big] &\begin{aligned} = \big[ \boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}} \big]^{-1} \big[ \boldsymbol{\widetilde{Q}^{(n)}} \big] &- \big[ \boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}} \big]^{-1} \big[ \boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nm)}} \big] \big[ \boldsymbol{V^{2 (m)}} \big] \\
&- \big[ \boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}} \big]^{-1} \big[ \boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nm)}} \big] \big[ \boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (m)}} \big] - \big[ \boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}} \big]^{-1} \big[ \boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nn)}} \big] \big[ \boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (n)}} \big] \\
\end{aligned} \nonumber \\
& &\begin{aligned}\label{eqD30} = \big[ \boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}} \big]^{-1} \Big( \big[ \boldsymbol{\widetilde{Q}^{(n)}} \big] - \big[ \boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nm)}} \big] \big[ \boldsymbol{V^{2 (m)}} \big] - \big[ \boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nm)}} \big] \big[ \boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (m)}} \big] - \big[ \boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nn)}} \big] \big[ \boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (n)}} \big] \Big) \\
\end{aligned}
\end{align}


• Remove the starting ampersand in every line. And put the = before the begin aligned.
– JPi
May 25, 2017 at 1:29
• @JPi It did not help. The alignment is still broken. May 25, 2017 at 1:40

If you use an alignat environment you can define two alignment points. In order to allow the last line to span both, use the \span command.

Full example:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}
\begin{alignat}{2}
\big[\boldsymbol{V^{2 (n)}}\big] &= \big[\boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}}\big]^{-1} \big[\boldsymbol{\widetilde{Q}^{(n)}}\big] &&- \big[\boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}}\big]^{-1} \big[\boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nm)}}\big] \big[\boldsymbol{V^{2 (m)}}\big]\nonumber\\
& &&- \big[\boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}}\big]^{-1} \big[\boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nm)}}\big] \big[\boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (m)}}\big] - \big[\boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}}\big]^{-1} \big[\boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nn)}}\big] \big[\boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (n)}}\big]
\nonumber\\
&= \big[\boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nn)}}\big]^{-1} \Big(\big[\boldsymbol{\widetilde{Q}^{(n)}}\big] - \big[\boldsymbol{B^{\prime (nm)}}\big] \big[\boldsymbol{V^{2 (m)}}\big] - \big[\boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nm)}}\big] \big[\boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (m)}}\big] - \big[\boldsymbol{G^{\prime \prime (nn)}}\big] \big[\boldsymbol{\widetilde{\delta}^{\prime (n)}}\big]\Big) \span \span \label{eqD30}
\end{alignat}
\end{document}


This produces:

Note the shifted equation number as the whole thing is too wide to fit the text with the default margins.

See also here for a related question and a possible alternative solution with \llap or \rlap.

• Woah so simple, it went over my head! Thank you very much! May 25, 2017 at 1:54

Nest aligned. Since this is just one equation, I used split for the outer alignment.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{geometry} % just for not getting an overfull box
\usepackage{amsmath,bm}

\begin{document}

\label{eqD30} \begin{split} [\bm{V}^{2 (n)}] &= \begin{aligned}[t] [\bm{B}^{\prime (nn)}]^{-1} [\widetilde{\bm{Q}}^{(n)}] &- [\bm{B}^{\prime (nn)}]^{-1} [\bm{B}^{\prime (nm)}] [\bm{V}^{2 (m)}] \\ &- [\bm{B}^{\prime (nn)}]^{-1} [\bm{G}^{\prime \prime (nm)}] [\widetilde{\bm{\delta}}^{\prime (m)}] - [\bm{B}^{\prime (nn)}]^{-1} [\bm{G}^{\prime \prime (nn)}] [\widetilde{\bm{\delta}}^{\prime (n)}] \end{aligned} \\ &= [\bm{B}^{\prime (nn)}]^{-1} \bigl( [\widetilde{\bm{Q}}^{(n)}] - [\bm{B}^{\prime (nm)}] [\bm{V}^{2 (m)}] - [\bm{G}^{\prime \prime (nm)}] [\widetilde{\bm{\delta}}^{\prime (m)}] - [\bm{G}^{\prime \prime (nn)}] [\widetilde{\bm{\delta}}^{\prime (n)}] \bigr) \end{split}
\end{document}


I also removed all \big instructions (which should be either \bigl or \bigr, however) and made bold only the base. It's better to use the bm package that provides \bm (\boldsymbol is turned into a synonym, but \bm is easier to type).

• Random note: nesting aligned within split was my second idea - but I got wrong alignment of the aligned block relative to the = sign. Your image shows it correct, so I investigated: compiling with TeX Live 2016 everything looks correct, compiling on ShareLaTeX is where I saw the alignment trouble: this image shows an overlay; red: with alignat, same output on ShareLaTeX and TeX Live, blue: aligned inside split, fine on TeX Live, but with broken outer alignment of the aligned block on ShareLaTeX as seen in the picture. May 25, 2017 at 7:51
• @greyshade amsmath had an update not too long ago fixing wrong spacing before \begin{aligned} (see p. 4 in amsmath documentation). This can be fixed by using \!\begin{aligned} for old version, as this "fix" will yield the same output with the new version as well.
– sodd
May 25, 2017 at 9:20
• @hooy thanks for pointing out the update to aligned in amsmath! You are of course correct on how to fix the issue. (And for completeness: on 2017-05-25 ShareLaTeX seems to be using TeX Live 2014 and loads Package: amsmath 2013/01/14 v2.14 AMS math features - i.e. indeed before the v2.16a with the change) May 25, 2017 at 9:44