I have a relatively long footnote with some explanatory text that refers to some citations. My current approach is to use \footnotemark where I want to cite something and then \fotnotetext{\cite[xx]{yyy}} after the footnote to insert the citation. However this generates weird newlines withing the citation footnotes. Here is what I have:

This is the main body.\footnote{%
Here we have some text that provides additional background and 
detail,\footnotemark referencing citations when needed.}%

Since this doesn't really work, is there a cleaner/'correct' way to cite from within a footnote?

  • 2
    First question: Why do you "nest" \footnotes? Can't you just put the citation in place of your \footnotemark?
    – TeXnician
    May 28, 2017 at 8:22
  • The footnote becomes very unreadable at parts because it is clustered full with citations, e.g. "he did this,(cite) this,(cite), and this,(cite) leading to whatever."
    – henrikl
    May 28, 2017 at 8:24
  • 1
    What about doing something like this \footnote{Lorem ipsum\textsuperscript{*} \newline * citation}? You could also look at the bigfootor the manyfoot package.
    – Georg
    May 28, 2017 at 8:29
  • 3
    Welcome to TeX.SX! You can have a look at our starter guide to familiarize yourself further with our format. Please see also: minimal working example with bibliography (MWEB).
    – CarLaTeX
    May 28, 2017 at 8:29
  • 1
    @Georg Your comment sounds suitable for an answer, would you please convert it? Jul 1, 2017 at 11:44

1 Answer 1


An easy solution would be \footnote{Lorem ipsum\textsuperscript{*} \newline * citation} which gives the following output.

Here we have some text that provides additional background and detail,\textsuperscript{*} referencing citations when needed.%
\newline * your citation}

enter image description here

The packages bigfoot and manyfoot would give you more advanced and automated options.

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