results in this .log produced with TeXlive:

Package: babel 2016/02/24 3.9q The Babel package

Language: vietnamese 

File: babel.def 2016/02/24 3.9q Babel common definitions

Package babel Warning: No hyphenation patterns were preloaded for
(babel)                the language `Vietnamese' into the format.
(babel)                Please, configure your TeX system to add them and
(babel)                rebuild the format. Now I will use the patterns
(babel)                preloaded for english instead on input line 36. ...

As there exist no Vietnamese hyphenation patterns (because there is no hyphenation in Vietnamese), they cannot be preloaded. How do I avoid the warning?


2 Answers 2


As far as I know, Vietnamese doesn't use hyphenation, since all words are monosyllabic.

You can avoid the warning (and possible wrong hyphenation) with the help of hyphsubst:



Chào thế giới

  • I only need to (possibly) hyphenate some names, e.g. Nguyen, which seems to have more than one syllable, but I do not speak Vietnamese. Not hyphenating those names is probably a good approach. Would it make sense for babel to have "empty" hyphenation rules for Vietnamese? Commented Jun 3, 2017 at 14:29
  • @Burgmeister Yes, it would. And, yes, not hyphenating is better than doing it wrong.
    – egreg
    Commented Jun 3, 2017 at 14:31
  • 2
    As a native speaker, I can confirm that all native Vietnamese words are monosyllabic. Hyphenation would only be useful for scientific words that are transcribed from another language, but since there are too many conventions to write them (I can recall at least 4), probably one should best do manual hyphenating.
    – McSinyx
    Commented Dec 2, 2017 at 13:01

Karl Berry fixed this bug in September 2023, https://tug.org/pipermail/tex-live/2023-September/049480.html:

Until a hyph-utf8 update is released[...], I added the lines (r68317):

vietnamese zerohyph.tex
hebrew zerohyph.tex

to texmf-dist/tex/generic/config/language.us, which (I hope) will cause a rebuild of the language files after the next update.

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