I've been trying this for hours now. Probably is something simple I missed...

I have a macro \newcommand{\cf}[1]{\footnote{Cf. #1}} (usage usually \cf{\cite{xx}}). Now I want to extend it, that it remembers which reference I used last, and if it is the same again, does not print the citation but "Ibd." instead.

Thus I modified it like


But that does not work. \SVE remains empty (or however I initialized it first). I experimented a lot till now, putting \expandafters, \noexpands,... around like crazy... But no result.

-- Edit:

Heres the full code copied:


% somewhere in my preamble
\newcommand{\LLfootnote}[3]{\footnote{#3~#2\ifx#10\else, S. #1\fi.}}

% the exposed commands

% small working example
  This is a\vgl{\cite{Reference}}. And this is the second\vgl{\cite{Reference}}. And this is a third\vgl{\cite{Reference2}}
  • Thanks @Christian How "full" should the example be? like containing \documentclass \begin{document}... ? – Alexander Niederklapfer Jun 3 '17 at 18:42
  • Exactly -- compilable, but reduced to the real issue – user31729 Jun 3 '17 at 18:45
  • @ChristianHupfer \if...\fi is not a group – David Carlisle Jun 3 '17 at 19:26
  • Are you aware that many packages for typesetting citations and bibliographies can do this for you? If you use Biblatex/Biber, you can usually just add the relevant option when loading Biblatex, for example. – cfr Jun 3 '17 at 19:31
  • @DavidCarlisle: True, I confused it with something different – user31729 Jun 3 '17 at 19:37

enter image description here



\newcommand\SVE{}% initialize

\newcommand{\cf}[1]{%you need this %
  \ifthenelse{\equal% \equal not \equals
    #1% you need thi s%
    \def\SVE{#1}% braces are mandatory for \def
  }% you need this %

\cf{aaa} \cf{aaa} \cf{zzz} \cf{zzz}

  • So now that's spooky. Your code does exactly what it should, mine looks the same (as far as I can tell) but does not. I edited my original question to show the full code I use... And thanks for your comments, those I actually had already correct in the orginal but messed up when trying to simplify my question. – Alexander Niederklapfer Jun 3 '17 at 20:16
  • Probably it has something to do with \cite{...} ? Thats at least what made me try various versions... – Alexander Niederklapfer Jun 3 '17 at 20:20
  • @AlexanderNiederklapfer you have edited the question since the answer was posted (which makes the archive hard to follow) but I put comments in my code where it differed from yours. Notably you had a syntax error of missing braces for \def. you can't test \cite with \equal you don't want to test \cite but just the string used as a cite key. – David Carlisle Jun 3 '17 at 20:39

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