I have a tikZ picture. But couldn't understand how to ad some details.


  \draw[domain=1.5:14.3,samples=300,blue, rotate=90, yshift=-128pt] plot(\x,{sin(\x r)});
  \draw[domain=1.5:14.3,samples=300,blue, rotate=90, yshift=-64pt] plot(\x,{cos((\x+1.7) r)});
  \draw[domain=1.5:14.3,samples=300,blue, rotate=90] plot(\x,{sin(\x r)});
  \draw[domain=1.5:14.3,samples=300,blue, rotate=90, yshift=64pt] plot(\x,{cos((\x+1.7) r)});
  \draw[domain=1.5:14.3,samples=300,blue, rotate=90, yshift=128pt] plot(\x,{sin(\x r)});
  \draw[domain=1.5:14.3,samples=300,blue, rotate=90, yshift=192pt] plot(\x,{cos((\x+1.7) r)});


I would like to add minimum and maximum distance between the two waves(somewhere around middle of the wave).
Ref: How to plot this diagram?

  • What do you mean by that exactly? A double arrow between the waves? – Torbjørn T. Jun 10 '17 at 21:49
  • @TorbjørnT. Somewhere like this, yes double arrow. – L.K. Jun 10 '17 at 21:52
  • 1
    Is it intentional that you have +1.7 in the cosine functions, and not +1.57 (approximately pi/2)? – Torbjørn T. Jun 10 '17 at 21:54
  • @TorbjørnT. Thanks for that input, my ignorance. – L.K. Jun 10 '17 at 21:56

Here's one suggestion, the code is simplified a bit. As you know the minima/maxima of sine/cosine functions, you can just draw two arrows where the y-coordinates are calculated with sin/cos.

enter image description here

   every plot/.append style={samples=50,domain=1.5:14.3},

  \draw plot(\x,{sin(\x r) - 5});
  \draw plot(\x,{cos((\x+pi/2) r) - 2.5});
  \draw plot(\x,{sin(\x r)});
  \draw plot(\x,{cos((\x+pi/2) r) + 2.5});
  \draw plot(\x,{sin(\x r) + 5});
  \draw plot(\x,{cos((\x+pi/2) r) + 7.5});

  \draw [<->,>=stealth] (5*pi/2,{sin(5*pi/2 r)}) -- node[above] {$a$} (5*pi/2,{cos((5*pi/2+pi/2) r)+2.5});
  \draw [<->,>=stealth] (5*pi/2,{sin(5*pi/2 r)}) -- node[above] {$b$} (5*pi/2,{cos((5*pi/2+pi/2) r)-2.5});

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