# Problem with umlauts in rotated longtable

I encountered a strange thing when setting up a rotated longtable with apa6.

Specifically, this works:

\documentclass[12pt
,man % manuscript mode; jou man doc
,babel, american % language
%,biblatex % loads biblatex or apacite
,a4paper % default:letter
% ,floatsintext
,noextraspace %removes extra space after headings; closer to "true" double-spacing
,longtable
%,helv % font in man mode
%,tt   % font in man mode
%,draftfirst
%,draftall
]{apa6}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{pdflscape}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{threeparttablex}
\usepackage{siunitx}

%% for the huge table to avoid boxes warnings
\newcommand{\rr}{\raggedright}
\newcommand{\tn}{\tabularnewline}

\DeclareDelayedFloatFlavor*{landscape}{table}

\title{Longtables and Me: An Endless Story}
\shorttitle{Longtables}

\author{Me}
\affiliation{MeU}

\authornote{
Empty
}

\abstract{
Empty.
}

\keywords{Empty}

\begin{document}

\lipsum

\begin{landscape}

\begin{ThreePartTable}

\begin{TableNotes}
\rr \footnotesize %
\textit{Note.}
Just a TableNote to explain some stuff.
\end{TableNotes}

\begin{longtable}{p{7.3cm}
S[table-format = 5]
l
l
S[table-format = 2.2]
c
p{5cm}}

\caption{Longitudinal Studies Included in the Analysis} \\
\label{tab:studies} \\

\toprule
1st Column  & {2nd Column}  &  3rd Column   &  4th Column  &  {5th Column}  &  6th  &  7th Column\\
\midrule

\multicolumn{7}{l}{{\tablename} \thetable{} (continued)} \\[0.5ex]

\toprule
1st Column  & {2nd Column}  &  3rd Column   &  4th Column  &  {5th Column}  &  6th  &  7th Column\\
\midrule

\rr An Entry    & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry that is quite long and breaks to the next line   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr Another rather long Entry that also breaks and extends over two lines   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\bottomrule

\insertTableNotes

\end{longtable}

\end{ThreePartTable}
\end{landscape}

\lipsum

\end{document}


Inserting an umlaut in one of the table cells (first line, left column) breaks everything and yields an error:

\documentclass[12pt
,man % manuscript mode; jou man doc
,babel, american % language
%,biblatex % loads biblatex or apacite
,a4paper % default:letter
% ,floatsintext
,noextraspace %removes extra space after headings; closer to "true" double-spacing
,longtable
%,helv % font in man mode
%,tt   % font in man mode
%,draftfirst
%,draftall
]{apa6}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{pdflscape}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{threeparttablex}
\usepackage{siunitx}

%% for the huge table to avoid boxes warnings
\newcommand{\rr}{\raggedright}
\newcommand{\tn}{\tabularnewline}

\DeclareDelayedFloatFlavor*{landscape}{table}

\title{Longtables and Me: An Endless Story}
\shorttitle{Longtables}

\author{Me}
\affiliation{MeU}

\authornote{
Empty
}

\abstract{
Empty.
}

\keywords{Empty}

\begin{document}

\lipsum

\begin{landscape}

\begin{ThreePartTable}

\begin{TableNotes}
\rr \footnotesize %
\textit{Note.}
Just a TableNote to explain some stuff.
\end{TableNotes}

\begin{longtable}{p{7.3cm}
S[table-format = 5]
l
l
S[table-format = 2.2]
c
p{5cm}}

\caption{Longitudinal Studies Included in the Analysis} \\
\label{tab:studies} \\

\toprule
1st Column  & {2nd Column}  &  3rd Column   &  4th Column  &  {5th Column}  &  6th  &  7th Column\\
\midrule

\multicolumn{7}{l}{{\tablename} \thetable{} (continued)} \\[0.5ex]

\toprule
1st Column  & {2nd Column}  &  3rd Column   &  4th Column  &  {5th Column}  &  6th  &  7th Column\\
\midrule

\rr An Entry with ä    & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry that is quite long and breaks to the next line   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr Another rather long Entry that also breaks and extends over two lines   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\bottomrule

\insertTableNotes

\end{longtable}

\end{ThreePartTable}
\end{landscape}

\lipsum

\end{document}


Interestingly, if I remove \DeclareDelayedFloatFlavor*{landscape}{table} from the preamble, everything works again (however, I need to keep this command).

Of course, the problem can be circumvented easily by escaping umlauts and speicl characters (e.g., \"a in this case), but I wondered if there is a more general solution for this context.

P.S.: umlauts work properly outside the rotated longtable.

• Well, as you note, there is always An Entry with \"a; or else An Entry with \detokenize{ä} or An Entry with \string ä  – Steven B. Segletes Jul 11 '17 at 11:32
• Note the .ttt file gets written out with a latin 1 encoding. Switching your document encoding to latin 1, circumvents the problem. – Andrew Swann Jul 11 '17 at 11:45
• Where and/or how is the macro \DeclareDelayedFloatFlavor* defined? – Mico Jul 11 '17 at 11:51
• @AndrewSwann thanks, I didn't know that. Maybe that's indeed the culprit. – user138936 Jul 11 '17 at 12:00
• @Mico DeclareDelayedFloatFlavor* comes from the endfloat package, which is automatically loaded with apa6 – user138936 Jul 11 '17 at 12:02

For some reason I don't understand, the temporary file where the delayed table is written out is encoded in latin 1 rather than utf8. A work around is thus to set the input encoding to latin 1 when the table is read in again. You can conveniently do this with

\AtBeginDelayedFloats{\inputencoding{latin1}}


\documentclass[12pt
,man % manuscript mode; jou man doc
,babel, american % language
%,biblatex % loads biblatex or apacite
,a4paper % default:letter
% ,floatsintext
,noextraspace %removes extra space after headings; closer to "true" double-spacing
,longtable
%,helv % font in man mode
%,tt   % font in man mode
%,draftfirst
%,draftall
]{apa6}

\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{pdflscape}
\usepackage{lipsum}
\usepackage{threeparttablex}
\usepackage{siunitx}

%% for the huge table to avoid boxes warnings
\newcommand{\rr}{\raggedright}
\newcommand{\tn}{\tabularnewline}

\DeclareDelayedFloatFlavor*{landscape}{table}
\AtBeginDelayedFloats{\inputencoding{latin1}}

\title{Longtables and Me: An Endless Story}
\shorttitle{Longtables}

\author{Me}
\affiliation{MeU}

\authornote{
Empty
}

\abstract{
Empty.
}

\keywords{Empty}

\begin{document}

\lipsum

\begin{landscape}

\begin{ThreePartTable}

\begin{TableNotes}
\rr \footnotesize %
\textit{Note.}
Just a TableNote to explain some stuff.
\end{TableNotes}

\begin{longtable}{p{7.3cm}
S[table-format = 5]
l
l
S[table-format = 2.2]
c
p{5cm}}

\caption{Longitudinal Studies Included in the Analysis} \\
\label{tab:studies} \\

\toprule
1st Column  & {2nd Column}  &  3rd Column   &  4th Column  &  {5th Column}  &  6th  &  7th Column\\
\midrule

\multicolumn{7}{l}{{\tablename} \thetable{} (continued)} \\[0.5ex]

\toprule
1st Column  & {2nd Column}  &  3rd Column   &  4th Column  &  {5th Column}  &  6th  &  7th Column\\
\midrule

\rr An Entry with ä    & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry that is quite long and breaks to the next line   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr Another rather long Entry that also breaks and extends over two lines   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\rr An Entry   & 1234  & ABCD    & glo  & 99.32  & 2  & Some more text \\

\bottomrule

\insertTableNotes

\end{longtable}

\end{ThreePartTable}
\end{landscape}

\lipsum

\end{document}

• Probably because of the method of writing within endfloat. Don't we need something like \protected@write for utf8 to be written correctly to disk? – daleif Jul 11 '17 at 13:46

You might want to inform the apa6 maintainer or the endfloat maintainer (apa6 uses endfloat to deplay the floats).

The main issue is that if we can to write utf8 to disk, we need the data to be protected before it is written, else special chars get expanded.

This seems to help, placed in the preamble

\makeatletter
\renewcommand\efloat@iwrite[1]{%
\expandafter\immediate\expandafter\protected@write\csname efloat@post#1\endcsname{}}

\makeatother


I changed \write to \protected@write and added {} after \csname as this macro expects three arguments not just two.

Edit: Hmm, looking at the generated code, no this does not write utf8 to disk, but it seems to compile correctly.

• Thank you for this suggestion, @daleif. I tend to prefer the workaround proposed by @AndrewSwann, but I agree that this might be a more general issue and will thus contact the authors of apa6 and endfloat. – user138936 Jul 11 '17 at 14:42