# How to get DOI links in bibliography

How can I do this with the natbib / BibTeX / hyperref combination? Currently I am using the plainnat style, but I'm willing to change that.

• Duplicate of tex.stackexchange.com/questions/3039/… (which comes up as the second hit when you search this site for DOI) – Seamus Oct 6 '10 at 9:28
• @Seamus No, that question is about solving a problem with doi's, while I could not figure out how to it completely. Related: yes, dupliate: no. – Peter Smit Oct 6 '10 at 9:31
• 1) I still don't think the questions are different. 2) Your first move should be to try and google/search tex SE for an answer, and you would have found one – Seamus Oct 6 '10 at 9:47
• @Seamus Check for example google.com/… It is not clear for me what the solution is. And no, on this website there was no clear answer for my question. – Peter Smit Oct 6 '10 at 9:51
• I'd agree with Peter: the question is not a duplicate (the previous one is about a very specific issue), although the relation between the two is clear. – Joseph Wright Oct 6 '10 at 10:23

Include your DOIs in the BibTeX database under the doi field and include the URLs under the url field; for example:

\begin{filecontents*}{test.bib}
@article{foo2010,
author = "Foo Bar",
journal = "J.P.B.",
year = 2010,
title = "Where the wild things are.",
doi = {10.1.1/jpb001},
url = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1.1/jpb001}
}
\end{filecontents*}

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{natbib,hyperref}
\begin{document}
test \citet{foo2010}
\bibliographystyle{plainnat}
\bibliography{test}
\end{document}


If you wish to hyperlink the DOI, I believe that loading the doi package will perform this automatically.

A minimal change would be to use the plainurl style instead of plainnat.

You could also continue to use plainnat and give a suitable definition of \doi (to override the non-hyperlinked version \provided by plainnat), eg:

\newcommand*{\doi}[1]{\href{http://dx.doi.org/#1}{doi: #1}}


In both cases, just use a doi field in your .bib file.

I came across this thread recently while solving a variant of Peter's question.

Instead of adding a hyperlink DOI to each of the bibliography items, you may want not to write the DOI explicitly but to make another field of the bibliographic item clickable with an hyperlink to the download location. In some journals, the hyperlink is associated to the group "Journal Name, volume, page number" for instance. You may find some existing bibliography style files doing that, but sometimes you need to add this feature to a personal bibliography style. In this case, none of the above solutions work. The hack I came up with is to define the following function in the .bst file:

FUNCTION {doilink}
{ duplicate$empty$
{ pop$"" } { doi empty$
{ skip$} { "\href{http://dx.doi.org/" doi * "}{" * swap$ * "}" * }
if$} if$
}


Here is an example of how to call the function:

FUNCTION {format.vol.num.pages}
{ volume field.or.null
boldface
pages empty$'skip$
{ duplicate$empty$
{ pop$format.pages } { ", " * pages first.page.number * } if$
}
if$doilink }  In this case the volume and pages will be hyperlinks. In general the hyperlink will be associated to the item on the top of the stack when the function doilink is called. You also need to make sure that the doi is declared as a possible field for bibliographic entries. As a minimal example: ENTRY { author doi journal key pages title volume year }  This may not be the most robust solution but it solved my problem. I thought it might be useful to some people here. EDIT Following @laclaro 's follow-up question, I add an example of a .tex file calling the modified .bst file: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{natbib} \usepackage{color} \definecolor{darkblue}{rgb}{0.,0.,0.4} \definecolor{darkred}{rgb}{0.5,0.,0.} \usepackage[pdftex,colorlinks=true,linkcolor=darkblue,citecolor=darkred,urlcolor=blue]{hyperref} \usepackage{filecontents} \begin{filecontents}{\jobname.bib} @article{Brune1996, Author = {Brune, M and Hagley, E and Dreyer, J and Maître, X and Maali, A and Wunderlich, C and Raimond,J.M. and Haroche,S }, Title = {Observing the Progressive Decoherence of the “Meter” in a Quantum Measurement}, Year = {1996}, Journal = {Phys. Rev. Lett.}, volume = {77}, pages = {4887}, doi = {10.1103/PhysRevLett.77.4887}} \end{filecontents} \begin{document} \cite{Brune1996} \bibliographystyle{mystyle} \bibliography{\jobname} \end{document}  and a screenshot of what it looks like: Here, clicking on the volume or page number opens the doi link. To adapt this so that the hyperlink is on the journal, you would need to modify the function FUNCTION {format.journal} in the .bst style file rather than the FUNCTION {format.vol.num.pages} as was done here. Will Robertson showed how to do it with natbib and hyperref (as requested by the original poster). The most important point is of course to have a doi field in your bib file. Another solution would be to use biblatex instead of natbib. My experience is that biblatexis at the same time very flexible and very stable, especially when some fileds (e.g name or doi) contain strange/special characters. Here is a MWE that should compile fine as it is: \documentclass[english]{article} \usepackage[autostyle]{csquotes} \usepackage[ backend=biber, style=authoryear, natbib=true, sortlocale=en_US, url=false, doi=true, eprint=false ]{biblatex} \addbibresource{biblatex-examples.bib} \usepackage{hyperref} \hypersetup{colorlinks=true} \begin{document} Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet~\citep{kastenholz}. At vero eos et accusam et justo~\citet{sigfridsson}. \printbibliography \end{document}  • Thanks for the answer! I have a further question, is it possible to have the doi field point to the address specified by url? Because prepending dx.doi.org would point you to an address which would likely redirect you again, then it makes sense for us to put the actual address in url and let doi link directly to its value. – zyy Jan 13 '20 at 5:37 • The URL might change, the DOI is a permanent identifier. So, please always use the DOI where possible. The redirect is not a problem, it is part of the solution. – matth Jan 13 '20 at 8:24 • Thanks, that make sense! – zyy Jan 13 '20 at 14:59 @Lev: that worked, although DOIs can contain special latex characters like underscores, such as: https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-08755-9_9 So I modified your hack to: \newcommand*{\doi}[1]{\href{https://doi.org/\detokenize{#1}}{doi: \detokenize{#1}}}  My reference section requires to output doi's also in the bibliography. Inspired from Corentin's solution, I come up with the following hack in the .bst file: I add a doi field in the ENTRY section, if it does not contain: ENTRY { address ... year doi }  Next, I define a function output.doi FUNCTION {output.doi} { doi empty$
{ skip$} { "\href{http://dx.doi.org/" doi * "}{doi:" * doi * "}" * output } if$
}


Then, in the entries that I want to report doi field, I call this function, after a new block. In my case, it is required at the end, before the notes:

FUNCTION {article}
{
...
new.block
output.doi
new.block
note output
fin.entry
}


I added the doi field to article, inproceedings and incollection types.

For a bib entry with doi = {10.1007/978-3-642-20946-8\_2}, this solution displays a doi:10.1007/978-3-642-20946-8_2 reference at the bibliography, and when clicked it links to http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-20946-8_2 address.

Just adding my piece, I have myself revised the .bst style I wanted (apalike) to include ISBN, ISSN, DOI, and URL. I did not find any "apalikeurl" version so far, so I did it myself. It builds links for DOIs and ISBNs, and for ISBNs it is even capable of managing several IDs in the same field (i.e. one link for each).

https://github.com/matthieu-vergne/LaTeX/blob/master/apalike-refs.bst

Now I wonder if there is a way to use options for the style to say which IDs to accept for the display. I made all that just yesterday and did not have the time to investigate further. Comments and fixes are also welcome.

For IEEE style numerical citation, import package natlib with option numbers:

\usepackage[numbers]{natlib}

Source: More Options,page 5

For anyone interested in unsrt style, i used the code here and modified a line with the help from a reply here and it worked perfectly as I wanted.

The modified part of the code:

FUNCTION {article}
{ output.bibitem
format.authors "author" output.check
new.block
format.title "title" output.check
new.block
crossref missing${ journal emphasize "journal" output.check format.vol.num.pages output format.date "year" output.check } { format.article.crossref output.nonnull format.pages output } if$
format.doi output
new.block
output.doi
note output
fin.entry
}


Save the code to your directory as "unsrtDOI.bst" and at the end of your latex file:

\bibliography{b.bib}
\bibliographystyle{unsrtDOI}

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