# change the font type to Arial (or Helvetica) for an Elsevier paper

I'm preparing a paper to send my first paper to one of the Elsevier journals. I use Texmaker to format my manuscript with Elsevier article class (elsarticle.cls). From the "Guide for Authors", the instruction about the type of the font is to use one of the following types:

Arial of (Helvetica)

Courier

Symbol

Times

Most of Elsevier paper use Arial font, now I changed my font to Arial using the following source code:

\documentclass[5p,times,twocolumn,8pt]{elsarticle}

\usepackage{fontspec}
\setsansfont{Arial}

\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{graphics}

\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{epstopdf}

%end

% declarations for front matter
\usepackage{lipsum}
\begin{document}
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) has become the standard technique in functional brain imaging. It is a noninvasive, radiation-free technique that has good temporal and spatial reso- lution. The fMRI technique is based on detection of the decrease in deoxyhemoglobin concentration at the site of neuronal activ- ity, which causes a local increase in the magnetic resonance signal. This effect has been termed the blood oxygenation level depend- ent (BOLD) contrast mechanism [1,2]. In essence, blood serves as its own contrast agent in fMRI and allows identification of active brain sites. BOLD fMRI generally capitalizes on the differ- ence between two states: an active on-state in which stimulus related neural activity is generated and a passive off-state in which stimulus-related neural activity is absent or kept to a minimum. By comparing the active on-state to the passive off-state, the resultant difference defines the site, volume, and level of fMRI activation. FMRI data go through two main processing stages. First, BOLD

% Table
\end{document}


but it does not matches the font in Elsevier published versions:

Knowing that there is an instruction says : make sure that you only use the recommended fonts (Type1 or TrueType) (previously cited), I don't know what Type1 or TrueType means.

• Microsoft ships Arial as a TrueType font. You can see it is arial.ttf. – Michael Fraiman Aug 7 '17 at 18:52
• Elsevier journals use custom (and rather proprietary) text and math fonts, such as "Gulliver", a font (family) designed by Gerard Unger. There's no way you're going to match Elsevier's proprietary sans-serif font with Arial or Helvetica. For more information on Elsevier fonts, see the postings how to achieve the journal style shown in the screenshot and Font used in mathematical papers in Elsevier journals. – Mico Aug 7 '17 at 18:54
• If you want your text font to be Arial, you should do \setmainfont{Arial}, but it seems to be the worst ever font to use for body text. – Michael Fraiman Aug 7 '17 at 18:56
• Two separate comments: (i) I don't believe the elsarticle document class recognizes the option 8pt. (ii) Don't load both graphics and graphicx; loading the latter should suffice fully. – Mico Aug 7 '17 at 18:56
• Also, don't employ the option times with elsarticle: that option instructs LaTeX to load the deprecated txfonts font package. I suggest that if you want to use Times Roman text and math fonts -- remember, Elsevier journals use their own proprietary fonts, which do not look like Times Roman ... -- in the document to be submitted to some Elsevier-class journal, that you load the newtxtext and newtxmath font packages. And, issue the instruction \usepackage[scaled=0.86]{helvet}if you wish to load an Helvetica clone for the sans-serif font, scaled to match the x-height of Times Roman. – Mico Aug 7 '17 at 19:08

To the best of my knowledge, few (if any!) Elsevier journals will accept manuscripts that require XeLaTeX or LuaLaTeX for successful compilation. Hence, don't go the fontspec route unless you have explicit permission from the editor that it's OK to do so.

My first piece of advice would be: Just use the default (Computer modern) fonts for the manuscript you are about to submit to an Elsevier journal. Most Elsevier journals use a proprietary font (named Gulliver) for the final, typeset product. Any time you spend on selecting a font other than Computer Modern is likely to be wasted.

If, for some reason, you do not wish to use Computer Modern for the manuscript you're about to submit to an Elsevier journal, my next piece of advice is: don't go overboard when it comes to specifying fonts while using the elsarticle document class. For sure, though, I would not use the times option, since doing so will load the deprecated txfonts font package. Instead, load the newer newtxtext and newtxmath packages in the preamble, via \usepackage instructions. And, if you wish to adorn your document with an Helvetica clone, issue the instruction \usepackage[scaled=0.86]{helvet} to load the font scaled so that its x-height matches that of Times Roman.

If you insist, you could load the package courier to replace the default monospaced font (Computer Modern TT) with Courier. That said, I think it's fair to say that Courier does not mix-and-match particularly well with either Times Roman or Helvetica. Don't use it; go with the default Computer Modern TT monospaced font instead.

Finally, the elsarticle document class doesn't recognize the option 8pt; it'll be ignored.

A full MWE:

\documentclass[5p]{elsarticle}
\usepackage{amsmath,newtxtext,newtxmath}
\usepackage[scaled=0.86]{helvet}
%\usepackage{courier} % not really recommended
\begin{document}
Nam dui ligula, fringilla a, euismod sodales,
sollicitudin vel, wisi. Morbi auctor lorem non
justo.

$E=mc^2$

Hello\textsf{Hello}\texttt{Hello}
\end{document}


Use:

\usepackage{amsmath}
\usepackage{fontspec}
\setsansfont{Arial}
\renewcommand\familydefault{\sfdefault}

\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{epstopdf}


The only important command is \renewcommand\familydefault{\sfdefault}. You have to use it for all TeX engines

• Since it's not clear which Elsevier journals (if any!) currently accept manuscripts that require XeLaTeX or LuaLaTeX for compilation, I'm not sure it's good advice to provide a solution which requires the fontspec package. – Mico Aug 7 '17 at 19:55
• I used the preamble which was given by the original post! And I didn't gave any adevice to use lualatex or xelatex! – user2478 Aug 7 '17 at 20:26
• If one loads the fontspec package, one must use either LuaLaTeX or XeLaTeX, no? – Mico Aug 7 '17 at 20:46
• in the original post is fontspec loaded and that is what I used, too. – user2478 Aug 7 '17 at 20:48
• To me, it looks like the OP was rather unsure about what to do w.r.t. loading Arial (or Helvetica). I suspect that he/she must have read somewhere about the \setmainfont and \setsansfont directives, not realizing that Elsevier-stable journals -- why else use the elsarticle document class?! -- are not known for letting authors submit documents which can only be compiled with either XeLaTeX or LuaLaTeX. – Mico Aug 7 '17 at 21:13