# How to suppress the numbers in \thebibliography

I was wondering if anyone could help me? I have an issue with \thebibliography, I would like to suppress the numbers and cannot work out how. Any help would be greatly appreciated :)

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}

\begin{document}

xyz \cite{Ackerman}

\begin{thebibliography}{99}

\bibitem{Ackerman} Ackerman, E. (2017) Why the English Premier League Should Have Playoffs.  Balls.ie. Available at: https://www.balls.ie/football/premier-league-playoffs-364654

\end{thebibliography}
\end{document}

• you included a lot of unrelated packages, but no document class so no one can run your example. Sep 2, 2017 at 13:44
• Updated, thanks @DavidCarlisle. I just wasn't sure if any of these packages were conflicting :) Sep 2, 2017 at 13:47
• It is easy for you to check that, just delete them and check that the code you are posting demonstrates the problem. Sep 2, 2017 at 13:48
• your example doesn'r have any \cite which would normally generate a number (so removing numbers from the list being confusing) if you don't have \cite you don't really need thebibliography at all. You could just use an itemize or even a paragraph. Sep 2, 2017 at 13:49
• The example is better but now the question isn't clear. The \cite makes [1] so requires the [1] in the bibliography to make sense. Or do you want an author-year citation style and change both the citation and the list or .... Sep 2, 2017 at 13:56

If I understand your setup correctly, you (a) will be building the formatted bibliography entirely by hand and (b) wish to create authoryear-style citation call-outs rather than numeric citation call-outs.

If this understanding is correct, I suggest you (a) load the natbib citation management package with the option authoryear and (b) provide more citation-related information in the optional argument of \bibitem. Inside the optional argument, list the author(s) and then the publication year, with the publication year encased in parentheses, and no space between the author name(s) and the (year).

Ideally, though, you'd decide to learn how to use BibTeX and select a suitable bibliography style, so that you don't have to do all this stuff by hand.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage[hyphens]{url}
\usepackage[authoryear,round]{natbib}

\begin{document}
textual citation: \citet{Ackerman}

parenthetic citation: \citep{Ackerman}

\begin{thebibliography}{9}

\bibitem[Ackerman(2017)]{Ackerman} Ackerman, E. (2017) Why the English Premier League Should Have Playoffs.  Balls.ie. Available at: \url{https://www.balls.ie/football/premier-league-playoffs-364654}

\end{thebibliography}
\end{document}