I've been attempting to get BiblaTeX to work with the Apa6 Document class. However, when I run pdflatex, biber, and pdflatex again, I get two errors:

  • Undefined Control Sequence. testtesttest \cite{Example01}
  • Undefined Control Sequence. \end

Here is my tex file:




\shorttitle{Short APA title}


 testtesttest \cite{Example01}


Here is my bibliography file:

@misc { Example01,
  author = "Bob Smith",
  title = "A Million Random Stories with 100,000 Normal Characters",
  publisher = "Bob's Publishing",
  year = "2017"
@book { Example02,
  author = "John Doe",
  title = "Lorem Ipsum 2: The Lipsuming",
  publisher = "Doe Books",
  year = "2016"


  • I'm using pdfTeX 3.14159265-2.6-1.40.17 (TeX Live 2016/Debian)
  • I'm using biber 2.7 (beta)
  • I only need to remove the \cite{Example01} phrase, and it compiles completely
  • The pdflatex appears to compile an incomplete version of the citations, eg. the citation looks like "Smith, labelyearlabelmonthlabelday" and the bibliography is similar.
  • I'm using the texlive-full and texlive-publishers packages on Ubuntu 17.10.

1 Answer 1


According to @mowewe, I needed to add \DeclareLanguageMapping{american}{american-apa} to my preamble.

The latex file compiled without error.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .