Hey I have to illustrated some networks using Tikz and the first one looks like this, in tikz:

\begin{tikzpicture}[->,>=stealth',shorten >=1pt,auto,node distance=2cm,
  %\tikzstyle{every state}=[fill=red,draw=none,text=white]

  \node[state] (A)                    {$A$};
  \node[state]         (C) [below right of=A] {$C$};
  \node[state]         (B) [below left of=C] {$B$};
  \node[state]         (D) [right of=C] {$D$};
  \node[state]         (E) [above right of=D]       {$E$};
  \node[state]         (F) [below right of=D]       {$F$};

  \path (A) edge              node {a} (C)
            edge              node {a} (E)
        (B) edge              node {b} (C)
            edge              node {b} (F)
        (C) edge              node {a + b} (D)
        (D) edge              node {a + b} (E)
            edge              node {a + b} (F);
%%% Local Variables:
%%% mode: latex
%%% TeX-master: t
%%% End:

A very simple butterfly network, and if I only compile with this Tikzpicture, there is no problem. However, if I add another Tizpicture, for instance a simple hub-by-hub network:

\begin{tikzpicture}[->,>=stealth',shorten >=1pt,auto,node distance=2cm,
  %\tikzstyle{every state}=[fill=red,draw=none,text=white]

  \node[state] (A)                    {$E$};
  \node[state]         (B) [right of=A] {$X$};
  \node[state]         (C) [right of=B] {$X$};
  \node[state]         (D) [right of=C] {$D$};

  \path (A) edge              node {} (B)
        (B) edge              node {} (C)
        (C) edge              node {} (D);

I start getting this error:

! Package pgfkeys Error: I do not know the key '/tikz/state' and I am going to 
ignore it. Perhaps you misspelled it.

I simply cannot figure out what is wrong hope someone can help me

  • 1
    this line \usetikzlibrary{arrows,automata} is probably loaded locally and the second one doesn't see automata
    – percusse
    Nov 22, 2017 at 22:03
  • 1
    so it should be moved into the preamble then, right ? Nov 22, 2017 at 22:06

1 Answer 1


\usetikzlibrary{arrows,automata} is probably loaded locally in one of the picture files and the second one doesn't see automata library. Moving the library loading line to preamble should fix it.

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