\documentclass[hyperref={pdfencoding=auto}]{beamer} % "Beamer" is a word used in Germany to mean video projector. 

\usetheme{Berkeley} % Search online for beamer themes to find your favorite or use the Berkeley theme as in this file.

\usepackage{color} % It may be necessary to set PCTeX or whatever program you are using to output a .pdf instead of a .dvi file in order to see color on your screen.
\usepackage{graphicx} % This package is needed if you wish to include external image files.

\theoremstyle{definition} % See Lesson Three of the LaTeX Manual for more on this kind of "proclamation."
\newtheorem*{dfn}{A Reasonable Definition}               


\title{Authentication Codes}
\author{Abigail A. Villa\\ Skezeer John B. Paz} 
\institute{Ph.D. Mathematics \\ De La Salle University\\ \texttt{abigail\_villa@dlsu.edu.ph // skezeer\_john\_paz@dlsu.edu.ph}}
\date{November 27, 2017} 
% Remove the % from the previous line and change the date if you want a particular date to be displayed; otherwise, today's date is displayed by default.

\AtBeginSection[]  % The commands within the following {} will be executed at the start of each section.
\begin{frame} % Within each "frame" there will be one or more "slides."  
\frametitle{Outline} % This is the title of the outline.
\tableofcontents[pausesections]  % This will display the table of contents and highlight the current section.
} % Do not include the preceding set of commands if you prefer not to have a recurring outline displayed during your presentation.



\section{Orthogonal Array} % Since this is the start of a new section, our recurring outline will appear here.

\textbf{Latin Square}\\ \pause
A Latin square of order $n$ with entries from an $n-set~X$ is an $n \times n$ array $L$ in which every cell contains an element of $X$ such that every row of $L$ is a permutation of $X$ and every column of $L$ is a permutation of $X$.
    A Latin square of order 4.\\

\textbf{Definition:} Let $X$ be a finite set of cardinality $n$, and let $\circ$ be a binary operation defined on $X~(i.e., \circ: X\times X\longrightarrow X)$. We say that the pair $(X, \circ)$ is a quasigroup of order $n$ provided that the following two properties are satisfied:\\
    \item For every $x,y\in X$, the equation $x\circ z=y$ has a unique solution for $z\in X$.\\
    \item For every $x,y\in X$, the equation $z\circ x=y$ has a unique solution for $z\in X$.
The \textit{operation table} of a binary operation $\circ$ defined on $X$ is the $|X| \times |X|$ array $A=(a_{x,y})$, where $a_{x,y}=x\circ y$


\textbf{Idempotent/Symmetric quasigroup}\\
\textbf{Definition:} Suppose $(X,\circ)$ is a quasigroup. We say that $(X,\circ)$ is an \textit{idempotent quasigroup} if $x\circ x =x$ for all $x\in X$, and we say that $(X,\circ)$ is a \textit{symmetric quasigroup} if $x\circ y= y \circ x$ for al $x,y \in X$.

These concepts can also be defined for Latin squares in the obvious way: A \textit{symmetric Latin square} $L=(\mathscr{l}_{x,y})$ .


This was the code that i've been trying to work on. Please help. thanks

  • 3
    Welcome! You may want to add \usepackage{mathrsfs} in your preamble, i.e. after \documentclass and before \begin{document}. – marmot Nov 25 '17 at 1:42
  • @marmot Would you like to convert you comment into an answer? – user36296 Nov 28 '17 at 13:56
  • 1
    Off-topic, but you don't need graphicx or color with beamer, as beamer already provides this functionality. – user36296 Nov 28 '17 at 13:57

You may want to add \usepackage{mathrsfs} in your preamble, i.e. after \documentclass and before \begin{document}. Note, however, that the \mathscr command does not support lower-casse letters, and you may thus replace \mathscr{l} by \mathscr{L} (or by \ell, if you want a lower-case script l).

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