# Help drawing with tikz

I need to draw these figures, in the same way of the pic. Unfortunately I can't. I post my code.

code 1:

\documentclass[margin=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{angles,quotes}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows,arrows.meta}
\pagestyle{empty}
\newcommand{\degre}{\ensuremath{^\circ}}
% \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{phv}
\renewcommand{\sfdefault}{phv}

\usepackage{sansmath}

\definecolor{uququq}{rgb}{0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274}
\tikzset{
quote/.style={{|[width=2mm]}-{|[width=2mm]}}
}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[> = stealth]
\coordinate (a) at (0,0);
\coordinate (b) at (3,3);

\coordinate (c) at (3,0);
\coordinate (d) at (0,3);

\coordinate (g) at (6,3);
\coordinate (h) at (3,6);

\coordinate (i) at (6,6);

\coordinate (e) at (5,5);
\coordinate (f) at (5,1);

\draw[black,step=1cm] (0,0) grid +(6cm,6cm);

\draw[line width=0.3mm, red, -]  (b) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (a);

\draw[line width=0.3mm, red, -]  (c) -- node[right] {\Huge \textbf{}} (d);
%\draw[ultra thick,blue,->]  (a) -- node[below left] {\Large $\vec{d}$} (c);

\draw[line width=0.3mm, green, -]  (g) -- node[right] {\Huge \textbf{}} (h);

\draw[line width=0.3mm, green, -]  (b) -- node[right] {\Huge \textbf{}} (i);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


code 2:

\documentclass[margin=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{angles,quotes}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows,arrows.meta}
\pagestyle{empty}
\newcommand{\degre}{\ensuremath{^\circ}}
% \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{phv}
\renewcommand{\sfdefault}{phv}

\usepackage{sansmath}

\definecolor{uququq}{rgb}{0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274}
\tikzset{
quote/.style={{|[width=2mm]}-{|[width=2mm]}}
}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[> = stealth]
\coordinate (a) at (5,1);
\coordinate (b) at (1,3);

\draw[black,step=1cm] (0,0) grid +(5cm,3cm);

\draw[line width=0.3mm, black, -]  (b) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (a);

\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


code 3:

\documentclass[margin=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{angles,quotes}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows,arrows.meta}
\pagestyle{empty}
\newcommand{\degre}{\ensuremath{^\circ}}
% \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{phv}
\renewcommand{\sfdefault}{phv}

\usepackage{sansmath}

\definecolor{uququq}{rgb}{0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274}
\tikzset{
quote/.style={{|[width=2mm]}-{|[width=2mm]}}
}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[> = stealth]

\draw[white,step=1cm] (0,0) grid +(6cm,8cm); %white grid

\draw [line width=0.8mm, color=black,fill=white,fill opacity=0.3] (3.0,1.0) circle (1.0cm);

\draw [line width=0.8mm,color=black,fill=blue,fill opacity=1.0] (1.0,3.0) circle (1.0cm);
\draw [line width=0.8mm, color=black,fill=white,fill opacity=0.3] (3.0,3.0) circle (1.0cm);
\draw [line width=0.8mm, color=black,fill=blue,fill opacity=1.0] (5.0,3.0) circle (1.0cm);

\draw [line width=0.8mm, color=black,fill=white,fill opacity=0.3] (1.0,5.0) circle (1.0cm);
\draw [line width=0.8mm, color=black,fill=green,fill opacity=1.0] (3.0,5.0) circle (1.0cm);
\draw [line width=0.8mm, color=black,fill=white,fill opacity=0.3] (5.0,5.0) circle (1.0cm);

\draw [line width=0.8mm, color=black,fill=white,fill opacity=0.3] (3.0,7.0) circle (1.0cm);

\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}


code 4:

\documentclass[margin=10pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{angles,quotes}
\usetikzlibrary{arrows,arrows.meta}
\pagestyle{empty}
\newcommand{\degre}{\ensuremath{^\circ}}
% \renewcommand{\rmdefault}{phv}
\renewcommand{\sfdefault}{phv}

\usepackage{sansmath}

\definecolor{uququq}{rgb}{0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274,0.25098039215686274}
\tikzset{
quote/.style={{|[width=2mm]}-{|[width=2mm]}}
}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[> = stealth]

\coordinate (a) at (0,0);
\coordinate (b) at (2,0);
\coordinate (c) at (4,0);
\coordinate (d) at (6,0);
\coordinate (e) at (8,0);

\coordinate (f) at (1,2);
\coordinate (g) at (3,2);
\coordinate (h) at (5,2);
\coordinate (i) at (7,2);

\coordinate (l) at (2,4);
\coordinate (m) at (4,4);
\coordinate (n) at (6,4);

\coordinate (o) at (3,6);
\coordinate (p) at (5,6);

\coordinate (q) at (4,8);

\draw[white,step=1cm] (0,0) grid +(8cm,8cm);

\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (e) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (a);

\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (i) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (f);

\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (n) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (l);

\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (p) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (o);

\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (f) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (b);
\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (l) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (c);
\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (o) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (d);
\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (q) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (e);

\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (i) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (d);
\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (n) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (c);
\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (p) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (b);
\draw[line width=1.3mm, black, -]  (q) -- node[above left] {\Huge \textbf{}} (a);

\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

• What's wrong with the third one? Only the colours are slightly different. Nov 25, 2017 at 15:58
• I would like the light blue not the blue.
– ryuk
Nov 25, 2017 at 16:02
• blue!20 instead of blue, or reduce the fill opacity, as you for some reason have done for the white circles. Nov 25, 2017 at 16:08

Mostly, just use \fill with appropriate coordinates, and do that before you draw the lines, so that the filling doesn't cover up the lines. I tidied up some of the code, though I'm sure there are things that could be done more efficiently.

Not sure if there are much that needs explaining, it should be fairly clear how coordinates are chosen. Can mention that the -|/|- syntax is explained in TikZ: What EXACTLY does the the |- notation for arrows do?, and that cycle means to draw a line back to the first point on the path.

\documentclass[margin=20pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usetikzlibrary{positioning}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\coordinate (a) at (0,0);
\coordinate (b) at (3,3);
\coordinate (c) at (3,0);
\coordinate (d) at (0,3);
\coordinate (g) at (6,3);
\coordinate (h) at (3,6);
\coordinate (i) at (6,6);
\coordinate (e) at (5,5);
\coordinate (f) at (5,1);

\fill [blue!20] (0,6) rectangle +(2,-2);
\fill [blue!20] (a) -- (1.5,1.5) -- (c) -- cycle;
\fill [blue!20] (6,0) rectangle +(-1,1);
\fill [blue!20] (6,6) -- ++(-1,-1) -| cycle;
\fill [blue!20] (4,5) -- (5,5) -- (4.5,4.5) -- cycle;
\fill [blue!20] (4,4) -- (5,4) -- (4.5,4.5) -- cycle;
\fill [blue!20] (4,4) -- (3,3) -| cycle;
\fill [blue!20] (3,3) -- (2,2) |- cycle;

\draw[black,step=1cm] (0,0) grid +(6,6);
\draw[line width=0.3mm, red]  (b) -- (a);
\draw[line width=0.3mm, red]  (c) -- (d);
\draw[line width=0.3mm, green]  (g) -- (h);
\draw[line width=0.3mm, green]  (b) -- (i);
\end{tikzpicture}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\coordinate (a) at (5,1);
\coordinate (b) at (1,3);

\fill [green!40] (0,0) rectangle (5,3);
\draw[black,step=1cm] (0,0) grid +(5,3);
\filldraw [fill=yellow,draw=black] (b) -- (a) |- cycle;
\draw[line width=0.3mm, black, -]  (b) -- (a);

\end{tikzpicture}

\begin{tikzpicture}[
Circle/.style={
circle,
minimum size=2cm,
fill=#1,
draw=black,
thick,
node contents={}
},
Circle/.default=white,
node distance=0
]
\node [Circle,name=a];
\node [Circle=green!30,below=of a,name=b];
\node [Circle,left=of b];
\node [Circle,right=of b];
\node [Circle,below=of b,name=c];
\node [Circle=blue!30,left=of c];
\node [Circle=blue!30,right=of c];
\node [Circle,below=of c];

\end{tikzpicture}

\begin{tikzpicture}
\coordinate (a) at (0,0);
\coordinate (b) at (2,0);
\coordinate (c) at (4,0);
\coordinate (d) at (6,0);
\coordinate (e) at (8,0);
\coordinate (f) at (1,2);
\coordinate (g) at (3,2);
\coordinate (h) at (5,2);
\coordinate (i) at (7,2);
\coordinate (l) at (2,4);
\coordinate (m) at (4,4);
\coordinate (n) at (6,4);
\coordinate (o) at (3,6);
\coordinate (p) at (5,6);
\coordinate (q) at (4,8);

\fill [green!30] (q) -- (p) -- (o) -- cycle;
\fill [green!30] (l) -- (m) -- (h) -- (g) -- cycle;
\fill [blue!30]  (a) -- (b) -- (f) -- cycle;

\draw [line width=1.3mm] (e) -- (a) -- (q) -- cycle;
\foreach \i/\j in {i/f,n/l,p/o,f/b,l/c,o/d,i/d,n/c,p/b}
\draw [line width=1.3mm] (\i) -- (\j);

\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}