# Colorize “)”, “{” and “}” signs in \lstset doesn't work

I declare this:

    \documentclass[a4paper,12pt,titlepage,headsepline,footsepline,hidelinks]{scrartcl}
\usepackage[margin=2.5cm]{geometry}
\usepackage{ucs}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[polish]{babel}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{lmodern,scrpage2,lastpage,graphicx,indentfirst,setspace}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\usepackage[owncaptions]{vhistory}
\usepackage{tabularx}
\usepackage{listings}
\usepackage{caption}
\captionsetup{justification=centering}

\usepackage[usenames,dvipsnames,svgnames,table]{xcolor}
\definecolor{gainsboro}{HTML}{dcdcdc}
\definecolor{gainsboro2}{HTML}{f8f8f8}
\usepackage{listings}
\lstset{
language=C, % choose the language of the code to colorize code
basicstyle=\fontfamily{pcr}\selectfont\footnotesize\color{red},
keywordstyle=\color{black}\bfseries, % style for keywords
numbers=none, % where to put the line-numbers
numberstyle=\tiny, % the size of the fonts that are used for the line-numbers
backgroundcolor=\color{gainsboro2},
showspaces=false, % show spaces adding particular underscores
showstringspaces=false, % underline spaces within strings
showtabs=false, % show tabs within strings adding particular underscores
frame=single, % adds a frame around the code
tabsize=2, % sets default tabsize to 2 spaces
rulesepcolor=\color{gray},
rulecolor=\color{black},
captionpos=b, % sets the caption-position to bottom
breaklines=true, % sets automatic line breaking
breakatwhitespace=false,
moredelim=**[is][\color{green}]{@}{@},
}
\lstset{
%colorize code
literate={ą}{{\k{a}}}1
{Ą}{{\k{A}}}1
{ę}{{\k{e}}}1
{Ę}{{\k{E}}}1
{ó}{{\'o}}1
{Ó}{{\'O}}1
{ś}{{\'s}}1
{Ś}{{\'S}}1
{ł}{{\l{}}}1
{Ł}{{\L{}}}1
{ż}{{\.z}}1
{Ż}{{\.Z}}1
{ź}{{\'z}}1
{Ź}{{\'Z}}1
{ć}{{\'c}}1
{Ć}{{\'C}}1
{ń}{{\'n}}1
{Ń}{{\'N}}1
{void}{{{\color{red}void}}}1
{main}{{{\color{red}main}}}1
{(}{{{\color{blue}(}}}1
{))}{{{\color{blue})}}}1
{<}{{{\color{blue}<}}}1
{>}{{{\color{blue}>}}}1
{[}{{{\color{blue}[}}}1
{]}{{{\color{blue}]}}}1
{=}{{{\color{blue}=}}}1
{\+}{{{\color{blue}+}}}1
{\-}{{{\color{blue}\-}}}1
{\;}{{{\color{blue};}}}1
}
\lstset{breaklines=true,
basicstyle=\ttfamily}
\lstset{basewidth=0.5em}
\lstset{extendedchars=\true}
\lstset{inputencoding=ansinew}

\begin{document}
Example:

\begin{lstlisting}
uint g;

void Zamien(uint X,Y)
{
uint T;
T=Y;
Y=X;
X=T;
}

void main()
{
g=10;
Zamien(RejestryInt[0],g);
}
\end{lstlisting}

\end{document}


Parametrs in \lstset colorize signs in most cases, but it doesn't work on signs: ), {, }. I've tried use for example: \), \_) or \verb=\= - but nothing works. The document compiled but signs are default black.

• Welcome to TeX.SX! Please make your code compilable (if possible), or at least complete it with \documentclass{...}, the required \usepackage's, \begin{document}, and \end{document}. That may seem tedious to you, but think of the extra work it represents for TeX.SX users willing to give you a hand. Help them help you: remove that one hurdle between you and a solution to your problem. – Skillmon Dec 5 '17 at 13:44
• Thank You, that's good point :) I hope - I've done that propely. – John Saladin Dec 6 '17 at 8:06
• You miss a \begin{document} statement. And you should include a small code example. – Skillmon Dec 6 '17 at 8:32
• You should not setup keyword colours with the literate keyword. This way listings treats those multi-character keywords as single characters and does only use that much space. – Skillmon Dec 6 '17 at 8:48
• If you setup keyword colours with the literate keyword, don't always specify 1 as length (that's why they are treated as a single character) but the actual length of the replacement. So for main it would be: \lstset{literate={main}{{\textcolor{red}{main}}}{4}} – Skillmon Dec 6 '17 at 9:00

The problem is the breaklines option you pass to listings. Deep in the code for the implementation of this option the closing parenthesis is used ) internally as a marker in the processing. This happens to interfere with the colouring you attempt to provide.

If you can not drop the breaklines option, then a workaround is to adopt another character for this internal marker. Using etoolbox you can for example make the marking character ~ instead of ) as follows:

\usepackage{etoolbox}
\makeatletter
\patchcmd{\lsthk@SelectCharTable}
{\lst@ifbreaklines \lst@Def{)}{\lst@breakProcessOther)}}
{\lst@ifbreaklines \lst@Def{~}{\lst@breakProcessOther~}}{}{}
\makeatother


Note there are two occurences of ) that need replacing by the new char ~. Choose a character you do not need to use in the listing.

Here is the patch in operation in a smaller example than your file, but with the code example extended to show line breaking still functions; it also works in your context if you insert the code after loading the listings package, see below.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{listings,color,etoolbox}

\makeatletter
\patchcmd{\lsthk@SelectCharTable}
{\lst@ifbreaklines \lst@Def{)}{\lst@breakProcessOther)}}
{\lst@ifbreaklines \lst@Def{~}{\lst@breakProcessOther~}}{}{}
\makeatother

\lstset{language=C,
literate={(}{{{\color{blue}(}}}1
{)}{{{\color{blue})}}}1
}

\lstset{breaklines=true}

\begin{document}
Example:

\begin{lstlisting}
uint g;

void Zamien(uint X,Y) { uint T; T=Y; Y=X; X=T; }

void main() { g=10; Zamien(RejestryInt[0],g);
long_line_variable = another_long_variable - yet_another_long_variable; }
\end{lstlisting}

\end{document}


Here it is in a version of your code. { and } be given colours if you just remember to escape the definition by \ each time:

\documentclass[a4paper,12pt,titlepage,headsepline,footsepline,

\usepackage[margin=2.5cm]{geometry}
\usepackage{ucs}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[polish]{babel}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{lmodern,scrpage2,lastpage,graphicx,indentfirst,setspace}
\usepackage[owncaptions]{vhistory}
\usepackage{tabularx}
\usepackage{caption}
\captionsetup{justification=centering}

\usepackage[usenames,dvipsnames,svgnames,table]{xcolor}
\definecolor{gainsboro}{HTML}{dcdcdc}
\definecolor{gainsboro2}{HTML}{f8f8f8}
\usepackage{listings,etoolbox}
\usepackage{hyperref}
\makeatletter
\tracingpatches
\patchcmd{\lsthk@SelectCharTable}
{\lst@ifbreaklines \lst@Def{)}{\lst@breakProcessOther)}}
{\lst@ifbreaklines\lst@Def{~}{\lst@breakProcessOther{~}}}{}{}
\makeatother
\lstset{
language=C, % choose the language of the code to colorize code
basicstyle=\fontfamily{pcr}\selectfont\footnotesize\color{red},
keywordstyle=\color{red}, % style for keywords
numbers=none, % where to put the line-numbers
numberstyle=\tiny, % the size of the fonts that are used for the line-numbers
backgroundcolor=\color{gainsboro2},
showspaces=false, % show spaces adding particular underscores
showstringspaces=false, % underline spaces within strings
showtabs=false, % show tabs within strings adding particular underscores
frame=single, % adds a frame around the code
tabsize=2, % sets default tabsize to 2 spaces
rulesepcolor=\color{gray},
rulecolor=\color{black},
captionpos=b, % sets the caption-position to bottom
breaklines=true, % sets automatic line breaking
breakatwhitespace=false,
moredelim=**[is][\color{green}]{@}{@},
morekeywords={main}}
\lstset{
% colorize code
literate={ą}{{\k{a}}}1
{Ą}{{\k{A}}}1
{ę}{{\k{e}}}1
{Ę}{{\k{E}}}1
{ó}{{\'o}}1
{Ó}{{\'O}}1
{ś}{{\'s}}1
{Ś}{{\'S}}1
{ł}{{\l{}}}1
{Ł}{{\L{}}}1
{ż}{{\.z}}1
{Ż}{{\.Z}}1
{ź}{{\'z}}1
{Ź}{{\'Z}}1
{ć}{{\'c}}1
{Ć}{{\'C}}1
{ń}{{\'n}}1
{Ń}{{\'N}}1
{(}{{{\color{blue}(}}}1
{)}{{{\color{blue})}}}1
{<}{{{\color{blue}<}}}1
{>}{{{\color{blue}>}}}1
{[}{{{\color{blue}[}}}1
{]}{{{\color{blue}]}}}1
{=}{{{\color{blue}=}}}1
{\+}{{{\color{blue}+}}}1
{\-}{{{\color{blue}\-}}}1
{\;}{{{\color{blue};}}}1
{\{}{{{\color{blue}\{}}}1
{\}}{{{\color{blue}\}}}}1
}
\lstset{breaklines=true,
basicstyle=\ttfamily}
\lstset{basewidth=0.5em}
\lstset{extendedchars=\true}
\lstset{inputencoding=ansinew}

\begin{document}
Example:

\begin{lstlisting}
uint g;

void Zamien(uint X,Y) { uint T; T=Y; Y=X; X=T; }

void main() { g=10; Zamien(RejestryInt[0],g); }
\end{lstlisting}

\end{document}


I've used a "hack" and put ")" like as "&)" in code and declarare

{&)}{{{\color{blue})}}

For example:
\begin{lstlisting}
void main(&)
{
}
\end{lstlisting}


And it works in that way, but i must change ")" to "&)" in every place in code.

But I'm still wainting for other propositions... I want to do that in right way ;)