# Refering to the same footnote - \footnotemark + \footnotemark[\value{footnote}] + \footnotetext (without \ref) [duplicate]

I'd like to refer to the same footnote (possibly avoiding \ref) in the following manner:

First note

First note

Second note

First note

I tried to do this, but in the last row (above) I got Second note instead of First note:

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\begin{document}

First note here \footnotemark, First note here \footnotemark[\value{footnote}].
Second note here\footnote{Nota normale} First note here \footnotemark[\value{footnote}].

\footnotetext{Questa è una nota utilizzata più volte.}

\end{document}


Thank you so much in advance.

## marked as duplicate by egreg, Community♦Dec 10 '17 at 11:00

The counter footnote is increased by the commands \footnotemark and \footnote in your example - which means that after the \footnote its value is 2 and thus the second \footnotemark will refer to the second footnote.

To be able to refer to a previous footnote, you could introduce an auxiliary counter, which you set at the moment you define the footnote which you want to refer to later - then you can use this counter in the last \footnotemark command.

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\newcounter{auxFootnote}
\begin{document}

First note here \footnotemark\setcounter{auxFootnote}{\value{footnote}}, First note here \footnotemark[\value{footnote}].
Second note here\footnote{Nota normale} First note here \footnotemark[\value{auxFootnote}].

\footnotetext{Questa è una nota utilizzata più volte.}

\end{document}


and produces the desired output:

Note however, that in the actual list of footnotes, the numbering is wrong (because \footnotetext uses the current value of the footnote counter). The numbering can be fixed by using \footnotetext[\value{auxFootnote}]{...}, however that still leaves them in the wrong order - place the \footnotetext command before the \footnote for the second command to fix that. Or, indeed, simply use \footnote directly for the first footnote as well, like so:

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\newcounter{auxFootnote}
\begin{document}

First note here \footnote{Questa è una nota utilizzata più volte.}\setcounter{auxFootnote}{\value{footnote}}, First note here \footnotemark[\value{footnote}].
Second note here\footnote{Nota normale} First note here \footnotemark[\value{auxFootnote}].

\end{document}