# How to remove i£ij at the bottom left corner under my abstract

I have an i£ij at the bottom left corner under my abstract. I don't know why. How do I get rid of it? Using TeXworks. Actually there is an umlaut over the first i.

I use pdfLaTeX to compile.

Here is a MWEB:

\documentclass[12pt, letterpaper]{article}

\usepackage{lmodern} % To make section headings italicized

\usepackage{abstract}

\title{Title} \author{}

\begin{document}

\maketitle

\begin{abstract}

\end{abstract}

\end{document}

• TeXworks is just a front-end. Which TeX distribution do you use? Which TeX engine -- pdfLaTeX, XeLaTeX, or LuaLaTeX -- do you employ? Which document class do you employ? Please post a minimum working example (MWE) that generates the problem behavior you wish to suppress. – Mico Jan 16 '18 at 4:50
• most likely you have a BOM character in a file that you are inputting, you should try to delete it. But hard to say if you show no code. See for example tex.stackexchange.com/questions/10474/… – David Carlisle Jan 16 '18 at 9:13
• @Mico - I added a MWEB. It seems to be related to the lmodern package. When I remove that it goes away. I'm using lmodern to italicize the subsection headings. – Tyson Roberts Jan 16 '18 at 17:27
• I deleted the lmodern package and I don't seem to need it anymore to italicize. I had updated my whole Tex package a week ago so maybe my new version doesn't need lmodern to italicize subsection headings. I think I'm good now. – Tyson Roberts Jan 16 '18 at 17:32