# How to \input or \include files from different directories?

My folder structure looks like that:

While putting the chapters into the base file Report.tex works completely fine I get trouble when I try to insert the graphics into the chapters.

For example: How can I put the file Image_1 into Chapter_1.tex? As you can see the target file Image_1 is located in a neighboured directory of Chapter_1.tex.

Some command in Chapter_1.tex like...

\includegraphics[blabla]{../Graphics/Image_1}


... leads to the error "! LaTeX Error: File ../Graphics/Image_1' not found."

Minimum Working Examples (MWE):

For file Report.tex in root directory:

\documentclass{book}

\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{blindtext}

\begin{document}

\input{Chapters/Chapter_1}

\input{Chapters/Chapter_2}

\input{Chapters/Chapter_3}

\end{document}


For file Chapter_1.tex in subdirectory Chapters:

\chapter{First chapter}

\blindtext

\includegraphics{../Graphics/Image_1}


For file Image_1.tex in subdirectory Graphics:

\includegraphics{example-image-golden}


Do you have any ideas how to cross-input files from parallel directories? Thank you very much!

• Well, without an MWE it's hard to give you an accurate answer. I understand that this answer could solve the problem of your graphics. For the chapters, you need to add the path into the \include{} command. – Aradnix Jan 30 '18 at 5:23
• @Aradnix: Thank you very much for your kind reply! I added the belonging MWE. I would love to add the image without further packages if it is possible? – Dave Jan 30 '18 at 5:42
• checking with \graphicspath{{../figure_folder/,../figure_subfolder/,}}, so that it will check all the folder paths – MadyYuvi Jan 30 '18 at 10:19
• I think within the file that's \input you need to use the path relative to the root file (not the input file), so try \includegraphics{Graphics/Image_1} instead. – Nicola Talbot Jan 30 '18 at 11:11
• @NicolaTalbot: You are right, thank you very much! Indeed the path will be taken from the root file what means that subdirectories can be accessed. You can post this as an answer if you want. :-) – Dave Feb 1 '18 at 17:17

Files that are \input need to use a path relative to the root file (the one containing \documentclass) not to the included file, so you need to use

\includegraphics{Graphics/Image_1}


\includegraphics{../Graphics/Image_1}


It's probably simpler to use \graphicspath in the root file so you don't have to worry about the paths:

\graphicspath{{Graphics/}}


or if you have sub-directories within Graphics:

\graphicspath{{Graphics/}{Graphics/subDir1/}{Graphics/subDir2/}}


then you just need to use

\includegraphics{Image_1}
`