I am using bibliography style spbasic. In the references, the text goes outside the set margin, and also authors names are repeated. How to avoid this problem with the same bibliogrpahy style? As below "DeCandia et al(2007)DeCandia, Hastorun, Jampani, Kakulapati, Lakshman, Pilchin, subramanian, Vosshall, and Vogels." are all typeset in the same line, which goes outside margin. Below this line I am getting the same authors' names again but this time it stays within margin. How I can remove first line or remove second line and first line within margin.

DeCandia et al(2007)DeCandia, Hastorun, Jampani, Kakulapati, Lakshman, Pilchin, subramanian, Vosshall, and Vogels. DeCandia G, Hastorun D, Jampani M, Kakulapati G, Lakshman A, Pilchin A, subramanian SS, Vosshall P, Vogels W (2007) Dynamo: amazon’s highly available key-value store. In: Proceedings of the 21st ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles 2007, SOSP 2007, Stevenson, Washington, USA, October 14-17, 2007, pp 205–220, DOI 10.1145/1294261.1294281, URL http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1294261.1294281

Di et al(2013)Di, Robert, Vivien, Kondo, Wang, and Cappello. Di S, Robert Y, Vivien F, Kondo D, Wang C, Cappello F (2013) Optimization of cloud task processing with checkpoint-restart mechanism. In: International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis, SC’13, Denver, CO, USA - November 17 - 21, 2013, pp 64:1–64:12, DOI 10.1145/2503210.2503217, URL http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2503210.2503217"

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    Welcome to TeX.SX! Please help us help you and add a minimal working example (MWE) that illustrates your problem. Reproducing the problem and finding out what the issue is will be much easier when we see compilable code, starting with \documentclass{...} and ending with \end{document}. Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 11:47

1 Answer 1


Quoting from the header of Springer's spbasic.bst bibliography style file :

% This bibliography style file is intended for texts in ENGLISH

% This is an author-year citation style bibliography. As such, it is

% non-standard LaTeX, and requires a special package file to function properly.

% Such a package is natbib.sty by Patrick W. Daly

In short, you need to load the natbib package in preamble, preferably as follows:


Then, be sure to re-run (pdf)LaTeX.

Type texdoc natbib at a command prompt to bring up the user guide of the natbib package. Do familiarize yourself with the natbib package's specialized commands for creating citation call-outs, such as \citet, \citep, \citeauthor, \citealt, \citealp, and quite a few more.

Here's the output of a full MWE (minimum working example) that implements the suggestion to load the natbib package; observe the use of \citet and \citep to generate text-style and parenthetic-style citation call-outs.

enter image description here

%% Aside: Raw bib data obtained from 
%% https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=1294261.1294281
%% and
%% https://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=2503210.2503217
%% (Click on the "BibTeX" button on the right-hand edges of the pages.)
 author = {DeCandia, Giuseppe and Hastorun, Deniz and Jampani, Madan and Kakulapati, Gunavardhan and Lakshman, Avinash and Pilchin, Alex and Sivasubramanian, Swaminathan and Vosshall, Peter and Vogels, Werner},
 title = {Dynamo: Amazon's Highly Available Key-value Store},
 booktitle = {Proceedings of Twenty-first ACM SIGOPS Symposium on Operating Systems Principles},
 series = {SOSP~'07},
 year = {2007},
 isbn = {978-1-59593-591-5},
 location = {Stevenson, Washington, USA},
 pages = {205--220},
 numpages = {16},
 url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1294261.1294281},
 doi = {10.1145/1294261.1294281},
 acmid = {1294281},
 publisher = {ACM},
 address = {New York, NY, USA},
 keywords = {performance, reliability, scalability},
 author = {Di, Sheng and Robert, Yves and Vivien, Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric and Kondo, Derrick and Wang, Cho-Li and Cappello, Franck},
 title = {Optimization of Cloud Task Processing with Checkpoint-restart Mechanism},
 booktitle = {Proceedings of the International Conference on High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis},
 series = {SC~'13},
 year = {2013},
 isbn = {978-1-4503-2378-9},
 location = {Denver, Colorado},
 pages = {64:1--64:12},
 articleno = {64},
 numpages = {12},
 url = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/2503210.2503217},
 doi = {10.1145/2503210.2503217},
 acmid = {2503217},
 publisher = {ACM},
 address = {New York, NY, USA},
 keywords = {BLCR, checkpoint-restart mechanism, cloud computing, google, optimal checkpointing interval},

\usepackage[hyphens]{url} % for well-formatted URL strings

\usepackage[authoryear,round]{natbib} % citation management package
\bibliographystyle{spbasic} % select a suitable bibliography style

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    @ASHISHKUMARMISHRAphd - You're most welcome! By the way, if you feel that this answer fully solved your issue, feel free to "accept" it (by clicking on the checkmark symbol near the top-left. ;-)
    – Mico
    Commented Feb 8, 2018 at 16:54

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