Please Help me to get rid of the following error:

    ("C:\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\mytheorem\demonstration.sty"
Package: demonstration 

! LaTeX Error: Command \openbox already defined.
               Or name \end... illegal, see p.192 of the manual.

See the LaTeX manual or LaTeX Companion for explanation.
Type  H <return>  for immediate help.

l.13   \vrule\hfil}}

Giving by this code source:

    \geometry{left=-1cm, right=1cm, top=1.5cm, bottom=1.5cm}  
    \def\mathbi#1{\textbf{\em #1}}
      \hbox{\vbox to \shadowbaseline{%
         \ifnum \c@secnumdepth >\m@ne
    \fancyhead[RE]{ \scshape \leftmark}
    \fancyhead[LO]{\scshape  \nouppercase \rightmark }
    \fancyfoot[RE]{ \scshape  \textsc{ My institut}} 
    \fancyfoot[LO]{ \scshape \textsc{Title} }
  • Without a MWE is vey difficult to answer and it's not easy to find demonstration.sty. Surprise ! there are 121 packages inside the mytheorem's folder. The problem is simple : demonstration.sty uses \newcommand{\openbox} and openbox is already defined but where ? Commented Jan 19, 2012 at 7:21
  • 1
    As Altermundus pointed out, there is actually nothing wrong with the \vrule\hfil, it's just the code which follows on line 13 in that file. The real error message is ! LaTeX Error: Command \openbox already defined. of course. You should change the title of your question accordantly. Commented Jan 19, 2012 at 8:49
  • 4
    Your example shows a lot of typical problems: Your preamble includes a bunch of packages you probably don't need (you forgot the kitchen sink), you have code you most likely don't need (redefining \chaptermark), and code that should be left to packages (you include geometry and set the page dimens directly). Start again with a minimal document. Commented Jan 19, 2012 at 9:54
  • I do not seem to have the slashbox package, and is \limpsum intended to be \lipsum? Once I remove the slashbox package, add the calc package, and correct \limpsum, your example compiles for me. Please provide a [MWE]((meta.tex.stackexchange.com/questions/228/…)) that actually illustrates the problem. Commented Jan 19, 2012 at 19:51

2 Answers 2



  • 1
    wow ! worked liked a charm.
    – creative
    Commented Mar 17, 2022 at 14:13

The code tries to define the command \openbox, which is already defined. This leads to that error message. Check your file C:\Program Files\MiKTeX 2.9\tex\latex\mytheorem\demonstration.sty for this.

Very probably you already loaded a package, which defines \openbox. For example, amsthm and ntheorem both define it, and both in the same way:

  \hbox to.77778em{%
  \vbox to.675em{\hrule width.6em\vfil\hrule}%

You can see the commands


from your error message.

Remove the package(s) from your preamble, which you don't need. And if you need it and you would like to keep it, don't define the same command again or use \renewcommand instead of \newcommand if it's your intention to change a macro definition.

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