I have already read similar questions, but they did not help.

I use \documentclass[12pt,a4paper]{book} and I would like footnotes without indention.

Using \noindent does not help. Using this package \usepackage[hang,flushmargin]{footmisc} solves the issue, but TeXstudio gives back an error and I can see a little black square at the end of the footnote, which should not appear.



\author{Bla Bla}
\title{Bla Bla}

\noindent bla bla

\noindent bla bla \footnote{bla bla}.

\noindent bla bla

  • If possible, can you provide a MWE for your requirement?
    – MadyYuvi
    Mar 1, 2018 at 13:17
  • Sorry, what MWE stands for? The whole code I wrote? Mar 1, 2018 at 13:26
  • 1
    1) Actually, I took it for granted that you were satisfied with solving the issue by means of the footmisc package, and were just asking about its (supposed) misbehavior. 2) I meant: are all those packages actually needed for the example to reproduce the problem? 3) Strictly speaking, it’s not necessary to use footmisc, you could also make the necessary patches to the \@makefntext command yourself. 4) Please clarify if you want no identation only at the beginning of the footnote, or also at the beginning of every paragraph of the footnote (in case the footnote has more than one).
    – GuM
    Mar 1, 2018 at 14:26
  • 1
    You should highlight your code when you paste it in and hit Ctrl+k, or use the code sample button in the toolbar (the {} next to the big quotation marks)
    – Au101
    Mar 1, 2018 at 16:18

1 Answer 1


Both paracol and footmisc define a command \footnotelayout, but their definitions do not agree. One simple way to fix this, assuming you don't need to use that command, is to nullify this command at the start of the paracol environment with \let\footnotelayout\relax.



\usepackage[nopar]{lipsum} % just for dummy text  


    \let\footnotelayout\relax  % this fixes it





You can always wrap this in your own environment:

  • Do I have to add also this: \usepackage[nopar]{lipsum} and \lipsum as in your example? Mar 1, 2018 at 16:36
  • No, as the comment says, that package just provides dummy text to use for an example. Mar 1, 2018 at 16:38
  • I put this \let\footnotelayout\relax just after paracol, but it does not change the footnotes. Mar 1, 2018 at 16:46
  • @Alwayslearning If you use my exact example it works. The question, then, is what factors are different in your example? What aspect does not change about the footnotes? (Do you mean the black boxes? because that's unrelated to this problem. Mar 1, 2018 at 17:07

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