Please I am writing a journal paper. The journal requires the following:

  1. Citation, should be [numbers].
  2. Bibliography, should be like this: "Gamelin FX, Baquet G, Berthoin S, Thevenet D, Nourry C, Nottin S, Bosquet L (2009) Effect of high intensity intermittent training on heart rate variability in prepubescent children. Eur J Appl Physiol 105:731-738."
  3. The first reference that appears in the article takes the priority in the bibliography "non alphabetically".

Please I tried many packages and styles, but non of them gave me these requirement.

For example, I have used the following

\documentclass[twocolumn]{svjour3}          % twocolumn


So, I have got:

  1. Abouel Nasr, E. S. and Kamrani, A. K. [2006], `A new methodology for extracting manufacturing features from CAD system', Computers and Industrial Engineering 51(3), 389-415.

Also, the bibliography appeared in alphabetically style, which is something I don't want.

Some of the error messages I got:

enter image description here

Shortend code of bbl file:

\providecommand{\urlprefix}{URL }
\expandafter\ifx\csname urlstyle\endcsname\relax

Fu KS (1977) {Introduction to Syntactic Pattern Recognition}, Springer Berlin
  Heidelberg, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 1--30. \doi{10.1007/978-3-642-66438-0_1}

\bibitem[{Halevi and Weill(1995)}]{Halevi1995}
Halevi G, Weill RD (1995) {Computer-aided process planning (CAPP)}, Springer
  Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 317--332. \doi{10.1007/978-94-011-1250-5_15}

  • It's the default with biblatex (numeric style), but this has nothing to do with the author-year style.
    – Bernard
    Mar 7, 2018 at 22:24
  • @Bernard Please, could you give me more details?!
    – Mazin
    Mar 7, 2018 at 22:27
  • Yes, but you should post a minimal (non-)working example.
    – Bernard
    Mar 7, 2018 at 22:28
  • @Bernard Thank you. I have used \usepackage[numbers]{natbib} \bibliography{library} \bibliographystyl{agsm}
    – Mazin
    Mar 7, 2018 at 22:35
  • The natbib package helps to manage citation call-outs. It's not involved in the formatting of the bibliographic entries, though.
    – Mico
    Mar 7, 2018 at 22:36

1 Answer 1


Following this link you find informations about References (open section References) and look at the end of the text you find:

Authors preparing their manuscript in LaTeX can use the bibtex file spbasic.bst which is included in Springer’s LaTeX macro package.

That means you can use bibliography style spbasic regardless the result. It is the work of the journal to get the bibliography for publishing in the layout they need.

Because you gave us no bib file, only the condent of the *.bbl file, I created one bib entry from your informations:

  author    = {Halevi, G and Weill, RD},
  title     = {Computer-aided process planning},
  journal   = {CAPP},
  pages     = {317--332},
  year      = {1995},
  DOI       = {10.1007/978-94-011-1250-5_15},

This bib entry contains in the doi an _, which gives you the error "missing $ inserted" because it is missinterpreted to be math mode ...

This errors goes away after insertion of line




to your preamble.

In the following compiling MWE I added the bib file with package filecontents. Please see that I deleted all not used packages for the issue. Please see that package caption and subcaption are not able to work together with class svjour3.

So the MWE

  author    = {Goossens, Michel and Mittelbach, Frank and
               Samarin, Alexander},
  title     = {The LaTeX Companion},
  edition   = {1},
  publisher = {Addison-Wesley},
  location  = {Reading, Mass.},
  year      = {1994},
  title     = {The Restaurant at the End of the Universe},
  author    = {Douglas Adams},
  series    = {The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy},
  publisher = {Pan Macmillan},
  year      = {1980},
  author  = {Albert Einstein},
  title   = {{Zur Elektrodynamik bewegter K{\"o}rper}. ({German})
             [{On} the electrodynamics of moving bodies]},
  journal = {Annalen der Physik},
  volume  = {322},
  number  = {10},
  pages   = {891--921},
  year    = {1905},
  DOI     = {http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/andp.19053221004},
  author    = {Halevi, G and Weill, RD},
  title     = {Computer-aided process planning},
  journal   = {CAPP},
  pages     = {317--332},
  year      = {1995},
  DOI       = {10.1007/978-94-011-1250-5_15},

\documentclass[twocolumn]{svjour3}          % twocolumn


%%\usepackage[labelfont=bf]{caption} % causes warning, do not use!
%%\usepackage{subcaption} % causes warning, do not use with class svjour3!
\usepackage{url} % <====================================================


\nocite{*} or
text \cite{einstein} text

\bibliographystyle{spbasic} % agsm spbasic spmpsci spphys plainnat unsrtnat


gives you the result:

resulting pdf

  • I am so thankful for you. Please try to be patient with me because I am really stuck. So, I already use the "Springer’s LaTeX macro package". I have changed the bibliography style from agsm to spbasic as you said, and this is the only thing that I changed, but unfortunately I got many errors (the code didn't compile). Please what should I do? Please notice that I have no experience with Latex. Again, I am so thankful for the help that you give.
    – Mazin
    Mar 8, 2018 at 22:25
  • I have added two bib entrys giving errors to my question. Hopefully I added them in the right way. Many thanks again
    – Mazin
    Mar 8, 2018 at 22:55
  • I am not sure what do you mean by "entrys", however I have copied the starting lines from the library.bib and added them to my question.
    – Mazin
    Mar 8, 2018 at 23:11
  • I found the reason of the errors. It's actually the underscores. I used _ instead, and this is solved the issue. But there is one last thing please. The references appears in alphabetically, and that effects the numbering in the text. The first reference in the text should be [1] in the bibliography. Please how can I do that?
    – Mazin
    Mar 8, 2018 at 23:42
  • I am really thankful for all the help that you gave.
    – Mazin
    Mar 9, 2018 at 0:07

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