As an electronic engineer I often cite technical standards, specifications or data sheets. They come usually from a specific company or institution but do not have a specific author. I like to have them in my bibliography using all the required information like title, institution, year, version/revision/edition and type ("whitepaper", "data sheet", "standard" etc.). Unfortunately I failed to come up with a general solution for this. Often I used the misc or manual type but it often does not include all information.

What would be a suitable way to handle such citations? I need to use the IEEEtran class with the vancover (or similar) style for my current journal paper, but I also would welcome a general solution using biblatex (which I use for my thesis).


3 Answers 3


With biblatex I use manual:

    organization  = "NXP Semiconductors",
    title         = "High-speed CAN transceiver",
    number        = "TJA1043",
    year          =  2013,
    month         =  4,    
    note          = "Rev. 3"

    organization  = "Infineon Technologies AG",
    title         = "Dual Low Dropout Voltage Regulator",
    number        = "TLE 4473 GV55-2",
    year          =  2008,
    month         =  10,
    note          = "Rev. 1.2"

    organization  = "Freescale Semiconductor",
    title         = "Configurable Octal Serial Switch
                    with Open Load Detect Current Disable",
    year          =  2012,
    month         =  6,
    number        = "MC33879",
    note          = "Rev. 10.0"

referenced documents

  • When doing this, the number doesn't appear for me. Nov 28, 2016 at 3:33
  • @CharlesClayton: That's probably due to your bibliographystyle. Try using \bibliographystyle{plain}. Mar 5, 2017 at 11:47
  • I had to use author instead of organization for it to show up.
    – rluks
    Nov 27, 2017 at 11:04

With JabRef I use misc or standard. The standards body is normally typed out fully, rather than abbreviated:

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In the building industry sometimes, specifications provide a list of standards.

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  • 9
    Could you also post the bibtex code for such an entry. Thanks. May 27, 2012 at 20:16
  • @MartinScharrer You mean the standards or the entries on top? I will check my computer at work and dig it out to-morrow. The standards is just a tabular.
    – yannisl
    May 27, 2012 at 20:40
  • @YiannisLazarides If you got it somewhere, the BibTeX code would be appreciated :)
    – benregn
    Apr 15, 2013 at 12:57
  • Random question: on what kind of OS did you make the screenshot? It clearly is a TNR variant but it looks so... oddly good.
    – henry
    Aug 15, 2014 at 11:36

As commented on a previous answer, the number field would not show up using the @manual entry type (with \bibliographystyle{IEEEtran} using Texmaker v5.0.4 & MiKTeX v21.7 on Windows 10). A workaround for this, however, is to use the Address field for the component number, as this places the component number in the correct position, and with the correct text styling as according to "IEEE Citation Guidelines".

PDF output provided by using the Address field

EDIT: I have just realised that the organisation should be at the start of the citation, this could be solved by entering the name of the organisation into the Author field, and then ensuring that it is enclosed within double curly braces (e.g. author = {{Texas Instruments}}). This would produce an output identical to the example in the guidelines linked above.

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