# How to break the fraction

How to write the below fraction in two lines?

    \begin{align}
a = \sqrt{\frac{(20,1-20,06)^2 + (20-20,06)^2+(20-20,06)^2+(20-20,06)^2+(20,2-20,06)^2}{5}} = 0,0289
\end{align}


I tried using amsmath, but bottom side of fraction disappears. Is there other way to do that?

• Could you be a bit more precise? It's not clear where you want things broken...
– Werner
Commented Apr 13, 2018 at 21:31

## 4 Answers

You could load the mathtools package and use its \splitdfrac macro to split the numerator across two lines.

A separate comment: Do encase all six decimal commas in curly braces, in order to prevent TeX from interpreting as punctuation marks.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools} % for '\splitdfrac' macro
\begin{document}
$$a = \sqrt{\frac{\splitdfrac{(20{,}1-20{,}06)^2 + (20-20{,}06)^2+(20-20{,}06)^2}{% +(20-20{,}06)^2+(20{,}2-20{,}06)^2}}{5}} = 0{,}0289$$
\end{document}


Addendum: You may also want to consider replacing \frac with inline-fraction notation and replacing \sqrt{...} with \{...\}^{1/2} notation. This would allow you to use a multline environment.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath} % for 'multline' env.
\begin{document}
\begin{multline}
a = \smash[b]{\Bigl\{}\bigl[
(20{,}1-20{,}06)^2 + (20-20{,}06)^2+(20-20{,}06)^2\\
+(20-20{,}06)^2+(20{,}2-20{,}06)^2\bigr]\big/5
\smash[t]{\Bigr\}^{1/2}} % \smash[b]{...} and \smash[t]{...} for more compact appearance
= 0{,}0289
\end{multline}
\end{document}

• I have used also splitdfrac. I have not seen your code. Commented Apr 13, 2018 at 21:44
• @Sebastiano - No worries -- I'll upvote your answer in a sec. Just to be clear, though: Your answer uses \splitfrac, not \splitdfrac...
– Mico
Commented Apr 13, 2018 at 21:46
• There is into your code a \end{document} out the code. I not edited the best users. Thanks a lot. Commented Apr 13, 2018 at 22:12

A (square) root is something that you possibly don't really want to break between lines, but always can replaced by a power (if square -> 1/2).

So, may be this is what you are after:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\begin{document}
\begin{align*}
a = &\Bigg(\frac{(20,1-20,06)^2+(20-20,06)^2+}{5} +\\ &+\frac{(20-20,06)^2+(20-20,06)^2+(20,2-20,06)^2}{5}\Bigg)^{\dfrac{1}{2}} =\\
&0,0289
\end{align*}
\end{document}


Sorry, I could not resist to answer, although this does not break anything (but indeed it is another way to do it).

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}
Being $x=2,06$, then:
\begin{align}
a = \sqrt{\frac{(20,1-x)^2 + (3\times(20-x)^2) +(20,2-x)^2}{5}} = 0,0289
\end{align}
\end{document}

• Don't worry :-). I upvote also your answer. Commented Apr 14, 2018 at 21:48

Here my code using \splitfrac.

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{mathtools}

\begin{document}

$a=\sqrt{\frac{\splitfrac{(20,1-20,06)^2 + (20-20,06)^2+(20-20,06)^2+}{+(20-20,06)^2+(20,2-20,06)^2}}{5}}= 0,0289$
\end{document}