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I am using split inside align to align two equations, one of which is the splitted in two lines:

\begin{align}
  \begin{split}
    X &= firstline =\\
      &= secondline
  \end{split}
  XYZ &= rightside
\end{align}

The & inside split work together with the & outside, but unfortunately split allows to use only one &. How could I align X and XX as I were writing &X = and &XYZ =, and at the same time align the two lines of the splitted equation at the =?

I'm using mathtools, and I need both equations to be numbered. Ideally, first equation should be numbered on first line. The output should be:

|Some text and some other text|
|and more text.               |
|   |X = firstline =          |
|   |  = secondline      (5.3)|
|   |XYZ = rightside     (5.4)|
|Some text and some other text|
|and more text.               |

Thank you!

EDIT: I need the group of equations to be aligned at the center, and the equations to be relatively aligned to the left, exactly as in the example above. Also, I can't use global settings because in many case I want equations centered.

  • you do not appear to want any alignment at all between the two equations, so just use gather and not align (you should never need to start an equation with &X=... – David Carlisle Apr 21 '18 at 20:15
1

An aligned environment nested in an align solves the problem, if I understood well what you want:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{mathtools}

\begin{document}

\begin{align}
    & \begin{aligned}X & = \text{first line} = \\
     & = \text{second line}
     \end{aligned} \\
  & XX = \text{right side}
\end{align}

\end{document} 

enter image description here

Added:

With the optional argument [b] for aligned, you obtain this layout of the equations numbers:

enter image description here

  • Thank you, that's exaclty what I want! Is there any option to veryically align (1) to the second line? If not, however, this is perfect too – Taekwondavide Apr 21 '18 at 21:42
  • 1
    Yes there is: aligned (or gathered or multlined) accepts an optional argument: [t], [c] (the default) or [b]. – Bernard Apr 21 '18 at 22:23
2

Your requirements are not too clear but I think you are looking for

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[fleqn]{amsmath}
\begin{document}
\begin{gather}
\begin{split}
    X  &= firstline \\
      &= secondline
\end{split} \\
  XX = rightside
\end{gather}
\end{document}
  • It's almost like this. The relative align between equations is right, but the group of equations should be centered. – Taekwondavide Apr 21 '18 at 21:38
2

Why are you using split for that?

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}
\begin{align}
    X & = firstline =\notag\\
      &= secondline \\
  XX &= rightside
\end{align}
\end{document}

UPDATE: If you just want to have some equations left-aligned, you may use flalign (see here for more details)

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{amsmath}
\begin{document}
\begin{flalign}
 &   X  = firstline =\notag &\\
 &     = secondline &\\
 & XX = rightside&
\end{flalign}
\end{document}

enter image description here

enter image description here

  • Because I didn't know about \notag and i was getting three equation numbers instead of two. Your solution is perfect, thank you! (EDIT: except that I need the equations aligned on left, so I have to add & at the beginning of each line) – Taekwondavide Apr 21 '18 at 20:05
  • @Taekwondavide Does my answer give you all the information or do you want me to add something? (I personally like aligning at the equality sign better, and if you encounter a very bulky left-hand side, you can use \MoveEqLeft from the mathtools package.) – user121799 Apr 21 '18 at 20:11
  • EDIT 2: sorry, I was wrong, this does not solve the problem as I need the two equations aligned on left and not on the equal, so there can't be &= in the second one. – Taekwondavide Apr 21 '18 at 20:11
  • 1
    @Taekwondavide if you want equations left aligned don't add & to start of each line (will make the text after the = right aligned) use the fleqn option to amsmath – David Carlisle Apr 21 '18 at 20:12
  • @DavidCarlisle is that a global or local setting? I usually need equations to be centered, except for a few cases... – Taekwondavide Apr 21 '18 at 20:15

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