I use the Springer LNCS format and observed that spaces between multiple citations get lost if I use the hyperref package. How can I fix that?

Result without hyperref package: [1, 2]

Result with hyperref package: [1,2]









\usepackage[noadjust]{cite} does not fix the problem.

1 Answer 1


You need to prevent hyperref from interfering with the cite command. You can do this by defining a fake natbib command, \NAT@parse, as discussed in a related answer.

Then, \usepackage{cite} (with or without noadjust) is sufficient to resolve the spacing issue, if you are okay with its overriding the llncs internal cite macro.

I have created a demo of this on Overleaf.

  • 1
    Thank you! It took me some time to verify it, because some citations (especially those I was looking at) are still without spaces. After some time, I noticed, that--as a consequence of using the cite package--latex omits the space depending on the available space within a line (i.e., if I remove a single-letter word the space gets added). Can this also be fixed? If not, I can live with that.
    – nrainer
    May 24, 2018 at 19:39
  • @nrainer Sorry, I'm not sure about that. I suggest asking that as a separate question.
    – Coby Viner
    May 24, 2018 at 19:44

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