I'm looking for publications from people who have studied about this and give out rules, advice, orientation regarding how to (in general) present a writing. I'd like publications such as books or journal articles, not university web pages laying out rules. (Although, if the person is an expert, I'll definitely like to check her/his opinions.)
I'm not concerned with the overall design of the publication: each journal, each university, each organization will demand its own, period.
I'm looking for justified guidelines.
At this very moment, I'm particularly interested in seeing arguments for how one should cite references --- how to lay out punctuation and references, whether to put the author name in parentheses, year, whether to use numbers or letters in brackets and so on.
For example, should references by written with a space before punctuation ? Or no, they should not.
In a lecture I watched, I was told references should be written as if when removed the text would still be perfectly laid out and sensible. So one should not write "see  for more information" because removing the reference yields "see for more information."
This sounds ridiculous until I can find a real case where removing a reference would actually be a real-world situation. Nevertheless, this rule is nice in the sense that's an easy to understand rule and abstracts all cases. (I like the mathematical nature of that.)