I am currently writing my bachelor thesis and I am using LyX as my standard writing program (because I am not familiar with LaTeX at all).

For my bibliographystyle I use JabRef and the citation style needs to be Journal of Finance.

Now, I found this .bst file for the Journal of Finance style online (http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/stanton/texintro/) which is actually really good. But the problem is, that I need it in German. There must be an "und" instead of "and" and all the umlauts don't work as well. Basically I need everything in German.

Do you know a website with a German .bst file? Or can I change something in the settings in LyX or JabRef and everything would be fixed?

  • 2
    Welcome to TeX.SX! Since you want to use a .bst file you are not using biblatex at all, you are using BibTeX. So I have removed the tag to avoid confusion.
    – moewe
    Jun 13, 2018 at 21:05
  • Just to double-check, you've set the language to German in LyX in Document > Settings > Language, right?
    – scottkosty
    Jun 13, 2018 at 21:09
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    faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/stanton/texintro/jf/jf.bst has some string definitions that would have to be translated into German. To do that copy the file, rename it to jf-german.bst and translate the terms in quotation marks in the functions called FUNCTION {bbl.<...>} (e.g. "and" in FUNCTION {bbl.and}). Then use jf-german in your document instead of jf. It's a bit too late for me to write up a proper answer, but maybe that can help you already. I can write up something tomorrow if you haven't gotten a good answer until then.
    – moewe
    Jun 13, 2018 at 21:12
  • 1
    ü, ö, ä should more or less work if the encoding settings of your .tex and .bib file match (best is to have both in UTF-8). Otherwise you can use {\"o} for ö, {\"a} for ä etc in the .bib file (and only in the .bib file, you should use slightly different code in the actual document). See tex.stackexchange.com/q/57743/35864
    – moewe
    Jun 13, 2018 at 21:15
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    One last thing: You don't use JabRef for your bibliography style (\bibliographystyle). You use JabRef to write your .bib database that contains the bibliography entries you can cite. JabRef does not determine the style of your bibliography or citation output in the actual document. That is done by the .bst file - the BibTeX style file.
    – moewe
    Jun 13, 2018 at 21:19

1 Answer 1


Assuming you're working with the file jf.bst that's available online at http://faculty.haas.berkeley.edu/stanton/texintro/jf/jf.bst, I suggest you proceed as follows:

  • Make a copy of jf.bst and call the copy, say, jfgerman.bst. (Of course, you're free to come up with a different name.)

  • Open the file jfgerman.bst in a plain-text editor. (I'm afraid I have no idea if lyx can do this.)

  • In jfgerman.bst, locate the group of functions called bbl.and, bbl.editors, bbl.editor, bbl.edby, etc. Replace the English-language arguments with their German-language counterparts. I know that "and" should become "und". I trust you'll figure out what to do about "eds.", "ed.", "edited by", etc.

  • Save the file jfgerman.bst in the directory where your main tex file is located.

  • In your main tex file, change the argument of \bibliographystyle from jf to jfgerman and perform a full recompile cycle (LaTeX, BibTeX, and LaTeX twice more) to fully propagate all changes.

  • If someone wants to post a complementary answer that's more lyx-oriented, please feel free to do so.
    – Mico
    Jun 13, 2018 at 21:27
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    I don't think a separate answer is needed. As for whether LyX can edit bst files, no it does not edit plain-text files. For your last point, the user just needs to click on the BibTeX inset and select jfgerman instead of jf.
    – scottkosty
    Jun 13, 2018 at 22:53
  • @scottkosty - Many thanks for providing these pointers.
    – Mico
    Jun 13, 2018 at 23:04
  • Thank you very much for helping! You probably realised that I have no clue with LyX and JabRef, I am sorry! So there is no easier way than to change everything? I am just worried that I forget to change something... Two more questions: 1. Can I use google Scholar to cite? I copy the BibTex-Code and then I put it in JabRef or is that a bad citation? 2. This one is connected to the first one. If I change something in the BibTex code, which is in JabRef (for example use of capital and small initial letters) it changes in JabRef but the References in LyX don't change the initial letters?
    Jun 14, 2018 at 6:45
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    Google scholar is not really a good qualitative source. Whenever possible you should use the DOI, an arxiv identifier or any other provided identifier to have a high quality bibtex source. @mico Not really. You always have the source view for every bibtex/biblatex entry and JabRef's native file format is bib, so there is nothing really hidden from the user. However, it also provides ways to cleanup things or to fill out missing info. If you think there's room for improvement feel free to open an issue ;) Jun 14, 2018 at 14:10

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