# \textcite in Biblatex not working as expected

I suppose this is a bug in Biblatex.

### Code:

\documentclass[11pt]{article}
\usepackage[a4paper, margin=2.5cm]{geometry}
\usepackage[style=authoryear-comp, sorting=nyt, giveninits=true, mincitenames=1, maxcitenames=2, maxbibnames=10, uniquelist=minyear, backend=biber]{biblatex}

\begin{document}
\parencite[see table 4.1 in][for density functions of all one-parameter Archimedean families]{nelsen2006introduction}

\textcite[see table 4.1 in][for density functions of all one-parameter Archimedean families]{nelsen2006introduction}

\printbibliography
\end{document}


### Expected Output:

My versions are:

• TeX version: 3.14159265 (TeX Live 2018)
• LuaTeX version: 1.07.0 (TeX Live 2018) (I am compiling using LuaLaTeX)
• Biblatex version: 3.11
• biber version: 2.11
• No, \textcite is described in the documentation as "intended for use in the flow of text, replacing the subject of a sentence". And I wouldn't put so long sentences in the pre and postnote. – Ulrike Fischer Jun 22 '18 at 16:59
• I'm sorry to say that that is the intended output. I presume it is manly intended for situations such as \textcite[e.g.]{sigfridsson} showed that .... Or As shown by \textcite{sigfridsson}, or \textcite{sigfridsson} are known for their research on .... In those situations it might be more convenient to have the pre-note attached to the label and not in front of the citation. If you need to place something in front of a \textcite you need to say as shown in~\textcite{sigfridsson}. Though in this case a parenthetical citation as produced by \parencite might be more appropriate. – moewe Jun 22 '18 at 17:34
• Thank you @UlrikeFischer, @moewe. I was unsure what the intended behaviour was. I assumed \textcite would work like \parencite (except without the parenthesis), and that's why asked this question. Your comments have made things a lot clearer. – Kartik Jun 22 '18 at 18:19
• You can only ping one person. The system should have told you this. Er... probably you pinged the first and @moewe didn't get mail? – cfr Jun 23 '18 at 1:21

This is expected behaviour.

The biblatex documentation describes \textcite as (pp. 97-98, §3.8.2 Style-specific Commands)

These citation commands are provided by all styles that come with this package. They are intended for use in the flow of text, replacing the subject of a sentence. They print the authors or editors followed by a citation label which is enclosed in parentheses. Depending on the citation style, the label may be a number, the year of publication, an abridged version of the title, or something else. The numeric and alphabetic styles use square brackets instead of parentheses. In the verbose styles, the label is provided in a footnote.

The pre- and postnote go with the citation label in this case, so that the author/editor names are always the first thing \textcite produces.

The intended use of \textcite seem to be constructions like

\Textcite{sigfrdisson} showed that ...
As shown by \textcite{sigfridsson} ...
\Textcite{sigfridsson} are known for their research on ...


Here the author/editors take the subject or object position and the citation label is only a parenthetical hint for the exact source. It is not too unreasonable to have the pre- and postnote attached to the citation label, i.e. the citation part of the output.

Note that I tried hard to have only the author/editor be the subject/object of the sentence and not the work itself. I would argue that uses such as

as was shown in \textcite{sigfridsson}.


where the work is the object (or subject), are not guaranteed to give satisfying results. This becomes apparent with style=verbose which would produce

as was shown in Sigfridsson and Ryde.1

1 Emma Sigfridsson and Ulf Ryde. ‘Comparison of methods for deriving atomic charges from the electrostatic potential and moments’. In: Journal of Computational Chemistry 19.4 (1998), pp. 377–395. DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1096-987X(199803)19:4<377::AID-JCC1>3.0.CO;2-P.

If the work should be the subject or object you might be better off with a simple cite.

In case the default citations should look like

Author (Year)

I would probably invest a bit of time to make sure that \cite produces output like this so that the pre- and postnotes are in the expected position.