4

enter image description here

How can I plot this with \begin{tikzpicture}? the red line should be the derivative at x_0

Pls help :) Thanks!

  • You mean TikZ. I believe the best way to plot anything in TikZ is to use PGFPlots. Read the relevant parts of the TikZ and PGFPlots manual and then either create a MWE(Minimal Working Example) and ask specific questions about your problems. Anyway this is a duplicate of several other questions - use the search box or google and you will find almost exactly what you need. – hpekristiansen Jun 23 '18 at 16:28
  • 3
    Tangent, or derivative? – Torbjørn T. Jun 23 '18 at 16:39
  • Please have a look here and here. – user121799 Jun 23 '18 at 16:40
  • ah yea Tangent of course. I meant the gradient of cet tangent should be the derivative in x_0 and I had something in mind like making a variable m which always gives me the gradient at any x, it that possible? – Laura Jun 23 '18 at 16:51
5

TikZ automatically computes the tangent, for instance when using decorations, you are automatically in the "tangent space". So all you need to do is to add a marking consisting of a horizontal line in "tangent space".

\documentclass[tikz,border=3.14mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.markings}
\tikzset{tangent/.style={postaction={decorate,decoration={markings,
     mark=at position #1 with {
     \draw[red] (0pt,0pt) coordinate (Tang) -- (200pt,0pt);)}}}}}

\begin{document} 
\begin{tikzpicture}[declare function={f(\x)=3*sin(10*\x+20);}]
\draw[latex-latex] (0,5) -- (0,0) -- (8,0);
\begin{scope}
\clip (0,0) rectangle (7,5);
\draw[tangent=0.2] plot[samples=100,domain=0:7] ({\x},{f(\x)});
\end{scope}
\draw[dashed] (Tang) --(0,-0.1 -| Tang) node[below]{$x_0$};
\end{tikzpicture} 
\end{document} 

enter image description here

Ah, and I should probably have mentioned that you can of course use this to draw the tangent at a fixed x value. Say you want to draw it at x=1.3.

\documentclass[tikz,border=3.14mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.markings}
\tikzset{tangent/.style={postaction={decorate,decoration={markings,
     mark=at position #1 with {
     \draw[red] (0pt,0pt) coordinate (Tang) -- (200pt,0pt);)}}}}}

\begin{document} 
\begin{tikzpicture}[declare function={f(\x)=3*sin(10*\x+20);}]
\draw[latex-latex] (0,5) -- (0,0) -- (8,0);
\begin{scope}
\clip (0,0) rectangle (7,5);
\draw plot[samples=100,domain=0:7] ({\x},{f(\x)});
\path[tangent=0] plot[samples=100,domain=1.3:7] ({\x},{f(\x)});
\end{scope}
\draw[dashed] (Tang) --(0,-0.1 -| Tang) node[below]{$x_0=1.3$cm};
\end{tikzpicture} 
\end{document} 

enter image description here

(Yes, it is possible to avoid drawing the plot twice. But all the possibilities will make the thing unnecessarily complex. And one could also avoid the hard coded length of the red line and avoid the \clip, but again the price to pay is an increase of complexity.)

And the nowadays mandatory animation can't be missing. ;-)

\documentclass[tikz,border=3.14mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.markings}
\tikzset{tangent/.style={postaction={decorate,decoration={markings,
     mark=at position #1 with {
     \draw[red] (0pt,0pt) coordinate (Tang) -- (200pt,0pt);)}}}}}

\begin{document}
\foreach \X in {0.5,0.6,...,6} 
{\begin{tikzpicture}[declare function={f(\x)=3*sin(10*\x+20);}]
\draw[latex-latex] (0,5) -- (0,0) -- (8,0);
\begin{scope}
\clip (0,0) rectangle (7,5);
\draw plot[samples=100,domain=0:7] ({\x},{f(\x)});
\path[tangent=0] plot[samples=100,domain={\X}:7] ({\x},{f(\x)});
\end{scope}
\pgfmathsetmacro{\Y}{int(10*\X)}
\draw[dashed] (Tang) --(0,-0.1 -| Tang) node[below]{$x_0=\Y$mm};
\end{tikzpicture}}
\end{document} 

enter image description here

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