i want to do some modify on my bibliography style.

  • Titles' first letters are not listing like in the literature.bib. I want to show like in the bib file.

True: Permanent Scatterers in SAR Interferometry
False:Permanent scatterers in sar interferometry

  • I want the journal names to be underlined and not Italic.

True: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (I could not underlined.(: ) False: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing

  • I want the remove comma between 1. and 2. names, 2. and 3. names, ...


   Ferretti, A., Prati, C. ve Rocca, F. 2001.

   Ferretti, A., Prati, C., Rocca, F. ve Zadı, Y. 2001.

   Frattini, P., Crosta, G. B. ve Allievi, J. 2013.

   Zadı, Y. ve Isoyad, I. 2009.


      Ferretti, A., Prati, C., ve Rocca, F. 2001.

      Ferretti, A., Prati, C., Rocca, F., ve Zadı, Y. 2001.

      Frattini, P., Crosta, G. B., ve Allievi, J. 2013.

      Zadı, Y., ve Isoyad, I. 2009.

Thank you.



%%% Same fonts for URL
\AtBeginDocument{\urlstyle{APACsame}} % Make bibliography links the same 

%%% Bibliography line spacing
%%% Removing parentheses around year in bibliography

%\renewcommand{\BBAB}{} %What is?
%\renewcommand{\BAnd}{} %What is?


%%% Adding ":" character before page number in citations
\bibpunct[: ]{(}{)}{:}{a}{,}{~}

\usepackage[unicode]{hyperref} %son yükle


\citep{ferretti2001}, \citep{onlinedeneme}, \citet{frattini2013}, \citet{onlinedeneme}'e göre.

% BIBLIOGRAPHY (Kaynaklar)
\nocite{*} % Add all references within the .bib file




  title     = {Permanent Scatterers in SAR Interferometry},
  author    = {Alessandro Ferretti and Claudio Prati and Fabio Rocca},
  journal   = {IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing},
  number    = {1},
  volume    = {39},
  pages     = {8--20},
  year      = {2001},
  publisher = {IEEE-INST Electrical Electronics Engineers Inc},
  doi       = {10.1109/36.898661},
  title     = {Damage to Buildings in Large Slope Rock Instabilities
Monitored with the PSInSAR™ Technique},
  author    = {Paolo Frattini and Giovanni B. Crosta and Jacopo Allievi},
  journal   = {Remote Sensing},
  volume    = {5},
  pages     = {4753--4773},
  year      = {2013},
  publisher = {MDPI AG},
  doi       = {10.3390/rs5104753}, 
  title     = {Deneme Başlığı},
  author    = {Yazar Zadı and Iyazar Isoyad},
  year      = {2009},
  url       = {http://www.nytimes.com/},
  urldate   = {28 Ocak 2018}
  author    = {John Doe},
  publisher = {Book Company},
  series    = {Cultural Interactions},
  title     = {Cultures of Amazons},
  year      = {2015},
  • Please consider asking only one question per question in the future. That makes your question easier to answer and more relevant for people with similar issues. See also tex.meta.stackexchange.com/q/7425/35864
    – moewe
    Jul 24, 2018 at 14:41
  • @moewe I asked in a title because of I thought my questions are related to each other. Thank you for warning.
    – volkan
    Jul 25, 2018 at 6:31

1 Answer 1


Question 1: simply enclose SAR by brackets:

title     = {Permanent Scatterers in {SAR} Interferometry},

and do the same for anything that should not ne lowercased, like {A}mazons or better {Amazons} according to moewe comment.

Question 2: If you don't want to hack the .bst style file, you can use this trick :


This can be obtained by looking at the .bbl file produced by BibTeX: the journal is formated bith the command \APACjournalVolNumPages; with


in the document, you see that the italicization is performed by\Bem; Finally, using \patchcmd provided by etoolbox you replace it by \uline provided by ulem.

Question 3:Simply redefine the macro:

  • 1
    +1, but I'd prefer {Amazons} over {A}mazons since the latter could destroy the kerning between A and m. One may also want to load ulem with the normalem option.
    – moewe
    Jul 24, 2018 at 14:40
  • @moewe, I agree to both comments, thank you. I edited my answer.
    – Jhor
    Jul 24, 2018 at 15:08
  • @Jhor Thank you, it is working good. In addition, volume number, book title, online title and misc title are italic. How can i make them regular (non italic) too?
    – volkan
    Jul 25, 2018 at 6:35
  • On my computer, the title of the fictitious book on Amazons, and the volume numbers are underlined too. If something is not to your taste, apply the same approach described in my answer : open the .bbl file, identify the command which produces the unwanted result, ask LaTeX to print its \meaning, and \patchcmd it according to your idea. By the way, the command to get 'regular' shape is \textnormal.
    – Jhor
    Jul 25, 2018 at 11:59
  • Thank you @jhor. I am using overleaf and found the .bbl file as you say. \textnormal did not work. Because of moewe's warning about forum usage, i will open a new title about this specific matter. Best wishes.
    – volkan
    Jul 26, 2018 at 6:32

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