If you compile the piece of code given below using pdflatex, then open the resulting PDF file with your preferred viewer, copy the word "efficient" and paste it in a text editor, you will read "efcient". This does not happen with xelatex or lualatex. Is there a way to fix this issue with pdflatex?

  • Doesn't happen to me. Can you be more precise about your TeX system?
    – egreg
    Sep 11, 2018 at 11:13
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    Add \input glyphtounicode \pdfgentounicode=1. Sep 11, 2018 at 12:13
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    @UlrikeFischer Could you please transform your comment into an answer with maybe adequate explanatory details? Thanks
    – pluton
    Sep 11, 2018 at 12:26
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    @Mico yes I could but it looks like there is an easier fix, see above.
    – pluton
    Sep 11, 2018 at 12:30
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    @Mico I see the problem also with tl2018. Imho it is (also) viewer (and so OS) dependant. Sep 11, 2018 at 12:47

1 Answer 1



\input glyphtounicode

glyphtounicode.tex contains a lot of mappings like

\pdfglyphtounicode{ffi}{0066 0066 0069}

which are added to the pdf and helps the viewer to correctly interprete special chars. I didn't check which of the mappings is needed for libertine, imho it doesn't harm to simply load the whole lot.

The issue itself can be viewer dependant -- some are better in guessing than other.

  • Why not simply load cmap, see pdftex-a.pdf, p. 31: »LaTeX users could load the cmap package to achieve the same effect.« ?
    – Keks Dose
    Sep 14, 2018 at 12:03
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    @KeksDose cmap doesn't work for all fonts (and here not with libertine). "The main limitation currently is inability to work with virtual fonts". Sep 14, 2018 at 12:24
  • Aha, thank you! I should have had a look into the cmap manual. Which says, by the way, the inablity to work with virtual fonts were a limitation of pdftex. So on the pdftex side this is no longer a limitation?
    – Keks Dose
    Sep 14, 2018 at 12:26

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