I am using ConTeXt for making report and getting stuck in formatting Bibliography. Currently I am using these categories (via Zotero BibTeX export) @article @book @misc @techreport out of which @article @book render properly but the other two fail to render.

I could understand from the documentation http://pragma-ade.nl/general/manuals/mkiv-publications.pdf that they are should be supported but they are not getting rendered.

sampledoc.tex file





% coverpage
some context here
% titlepage



% ToC
\setupheadtext[content={Table of Contents}]
\setupcombinedlist[content][list={chapter,section}, alternative=c]


This is sample i want to cite\cite[num][misc1]



%intentional to generate unreferenced docs aslo for testing



Sample bibliography file sample1.bib

  title = {lorem},
  isbn = {978-1-5225-2194-5},
  shorttitle = {lorem},
  publisher = {someone},
  author = {john doe},
  month = jan,
  year = {2017},
  keywords = {Computers }

  title = {lorem},
  abstract = {abstract ipsum},
  language = {en},
  url = {http://documents.worldbank.org/},
  author = {john doe2},
  month = dec,
  year = {2017},
  pages = {1-0}

  title = {lorem3},
  language = {en},
  author = {john doe3},
  pages = {34}

  title = {ipsum},
  abstract = {abstract of misc},
  language = {en},
  urldate = {2018-10-12},
  url = {https://www.something.org/}

running via mtxrun --script context --autogenerate sampledoc.tex

EDIT: Here is what bibliographic entries looks like. I was expecting entries 2 and 4 to render the same way as others. I guess ConTeXt is not recognizing them, or i missed to add some config.

1    john doe, Lorem, someone, 2017.
2    techreport: [abstract: abstract ipsum] [author: john doe2] [institution:
Tech Giant] [language: en] [month: 12] [pages: 1-0] [title: lorem] [url:
http://documents.worldbank.org/] [year: 2017]
3    john doe3, “lorem3”.
4    misc: [abstract: abstract of misc] [language: en] [title:
https://www.something.org/] [urldate: 2018-10-12]

Please note that sample1.bib is autogenerated by Zotero Better BibTeX plugin. It would be great if i can keep on using it.

I am on a deadline and any help to fix it would help.


  • 1
    Welcome to TeX.SX! Could you please make up a minimal example of your bib file and your ConTeXt file?
    – TeXnician
    Commented Oct 12, 2018 at 11:15
  • @TeXnician updated
    – Archit
    Commented Oct 12, 2018 at 11:34
  • 1
    @Archit When you look into the manual you can see that techreport requires entries for author, institution, title and year but you forgot the entry for institution. Commented Oct 12, 2018 at 12:30
  • @WolfgangSchuster I tried adding an entry for institution in techreport. The bibliography entry still remains the same
    – Archit
    Commented Oct 13, 2018 at 3:29
  • 4
    @Archit In section 3.2 of the manual you can font he following sentence: The default bibliography specification is very simple: only the categories book and article are explicitly defined. When you use now different specifications (e.g. APA with \usebtxdefinitions[apa]) the techreport and misc entries get a proper style in the document. Commented Oct 13, 2018 at 7:36

1 Answer 1


The reason why only book and article entries are formatted is described in section 3.2 of the bibliographies manual.

The default bibliography specification is very simple: only the categories book and article are explicitly defined. These were shown along with their default rendering in the quick-start example on page 4. We purposely limited this default specification as a minimal example for a bibliography.

To get a proper formatting for your other categories you have to load a different specification, e.g. apa or aps. To load another specification you have to use the \usebtxdefinitions command, e.g.


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