2

I have some issues with my boxplot and I hope someone can help me to fix them.

Here my MWE:

\documentclass[a4paper]{scrbook}

\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}                     
\usepackage{textcomp}                           
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}                        
\usepackage[english,ngerman]{babel}
\usepackage[babel,german=quotes,threshold=1]{csquotes} 

\usepackage[language=autobib,
backend=biber %%%  !!!!
]{biblatex}

\usepackage{lmodern}                            
\usepackage{scrlayer-scrpage}                   
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage{pgfplots}
\usepackage{pgfplotstable}
\usepgfplotslibrary{statistics}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.8}
\pgfplotsset{/pgf/number format/use comma} %%% does not work: comma instead of dot                                          
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{graphicx}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\textcolor{black!50}{\rule{\linewidth}{0.25pt}}
\centering
\scriptsize
\\[5ex]
\begin{tikzpicture}
  \begin{axis}
    [
    clip=false,
    boxplot/draw direction=y,
    boxplot/variable width,
    boxplot/every median/.style={black,very thick,solid},
    width=1.00\textwidth,
    height=0.33\textheight,
    ylabel style={align=center}, 
    ytick={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7},
    y tick label style={align=right},
    yticklabels={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7},
    xtick={0,1,2,3,4},
    x tick label style={align=center},
    xticklabels={,1,2,3,4}
    ]

    \node at (axis cs:0,0) [anchor=west] {\tiny (- - -)};
    \node at (axis cs:0,8) [anchor=west] {\tiny (+++)};

%%% MEAN %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \draw[black, densely dotted]
      (axis cs:0, 5.50) coordinate (tmp)
      (current axis.west |- tmp) -- (current axis.east |- tmp);

      %%% Can the value "5,50" be displayed on the left side of the graph above he dotted line?


%%% 1 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    mark=*,
    boxplot,
    boxplot prepared={
      average=5,
      lower whisker=2,
      lower quartile=4.5,
      median=5,
      upper quartile=6.5,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {}
    node[right,font=\scriptsize] at (boxplot box cs: \boxplotvalue{average}, 0.95)
    {\boxplotvalue{average}};    
    ;


% 2 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    mark=*, 
    boxplot,
    mark options={fill=white}, 
    boxplot prepared={
      average=6.25,
      lower whisker=5,
      lower quartile=6,
      median=6,
      upper quartile=7,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {
    (2,1) % mark as "*"
    (2,4) % mark as "°"
    }
    node[right,font=\scriptsize] at (boxplot box cs: \boxplotvalue{average}, 0.95)
    {\boxplotvalue{average}};    
    ;


% 3 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    mark=*, 
    boxplot,
    mark options={fill=white}, 
    boxplot prepared={
      average=6.3,
      lower whisker=5,
      lower quartile=6,
      median=6,
      upper quartile=7,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {(3,4)}
    node[right,font=\scriptsize] at (boxplot box cs: \boxplotvalue{average}, 0.95)
    {\boxplotvalue{average}};    
    ;


% 4 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    mark=*, 
    boxplot,
    boxplot prepared={
      average=5.50,
      lower whisker=4,
      lower quartile=5,
      median=6,
      upper quartile=6,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {}
    node[right,font=\scriptsize] at (boxplot box cs: \boxplotvalue{average}, 0.95)
    {\boxplotvalue{average}};

  \end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\textcolor{black!50}{\rule{\linewidth}{0.25pt}}
\caption[caption]{caption}
\end{figure}
\end{document}

How can I replace the "." with a "," as decimal separator? I thought \pgfplotsset{/pgf/number format/use comma} would be a solution!?

Extreme outliers are usually marked with a "*". How can I do so for the outlier with the coordinates (2,1)?

The mean over all the groups is 5.5. (dotted line) Is it possible to display this value above the dotted line on the left side of the graph?

Can the 50% quantile of the boxes be displayed? (left of each box)

enter image description here

  • 3
    Regarding the comma: Your suggested solution would work if the number was printed using pgfs number printing macro. But it's not, \boxplotvalue{average} just prints the number without any parsing (if I understand correctly). Use \pgfmathprintnumber{\boxplotvalue{average}} instead of just \boxplotvalue{average}, then the /pgf/number format/use comma setting applies, and you do get a comma. – Torbjørn T. Oct 21 '18 at 15:09
  • @TorbjørnT. Thank you - now the numbers are separated by a comma. – TRJW Oct 21 '18 at 16:17
  • Has anyone a solution to the remaining issues?: - Extreme outliers are usually marked with a "*". How can I do so for the outlier with the coordinates (2,1)? - The mean over all the groups is 5.5. (dotted line) Is it possible to display this value above the dotted line on the left side of the graph? - Can the 50% quantile of the boxes be displayed? (left of each box) – TRJW Oct 25 '18 at 12:13
2

I had expected a couple of these things to be a bit harder, but wasn't that bad.

  • As mentioned in a comment, \boxplotvalue{average} doesn't pass the number through the pgf number parser, so the /pgf/number format/use comma has no effect. Use \pgfmathprintnumber{\boxplotvalue{average}}.

  • One way of achieving this is to use scatter/classes. To the axis options add

    scatter/classes={
      a={mark=star},
      b={mark=*}
    }
    

    To the options of the \addplot in question add

    scatter,
    scatter src=explicit symbolic,
    

    And finally modify the coordinate stream to have

    coordinates {
        (2,1) [a]
        (2,4) [b]
        };
    
  • To add a node above the start of a line from a to b one can use e.g. \draw (a) node[above right] {...} -- (b);. So in your case

    \draw[black, densely dotted]
          (axis cs:0, 5.50) coordinate (tmp)
          (current axis.west |- tmp) node[above right] {\pgfmathprintnumber{5.5}}-- (current axis.east |- tmp);
    

    (Some modification possibly needed, depending on exactly where you wanted that node, not sure I understood you correctly.)

  • The 50% quantile is just the median right, so you could use exactly the same method as you used for the average value. Do you want next to the middle of the box, or next to the median (as seen below) by the way?

That said, it's possible to modify how boxplot is drawn in order to add those two nodes by default. The styles that need modification is described in the manual, so I took most of the following from there, adding just two things indicated by comments:

\makeatletter
\pgfplotsset{
   boxplot/draw/average/.code={ % the bulk part of this is the default, found in the manual
      \draw [/pgfplots/boxplot/every average/.try]
      \pgfextra
      % do NOT use \draw[mark=*] plot coordinates because
      % boxplots uses the same plot handler to draw its
      % outliers.
      \pgftransformshift{%
      % basic level access to ’boxplot box cs’:
      \pgfplotsboxplotpointabbox
      {\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{average}}
      {0.5}%
    }%
    \pgfuseplotmark{\tikz@plot@mark}%
    \endpgfextra
    ;
    % the following line is the only new addition
    \node[right,font=\scriptsize] at (boxplot box cs: \boxplotvalue{average}, 0.95) {\pgfmathprintnumber{\boxplotvalue{average}}};
},
boxplot/draw/median/.code={
   \draw [/pgfplots/boxplot/every median/.try]
       (boxplot box cs:\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{median},0)
         % the following line is the only difference from the default definition
         node[left] {\pgfmathprintnumber{\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{median}}}
        --
        (boxplot box cs:\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{median},1);
  },
}
\makeatother

In the code below I just added this just before \begin{tikzpicture}. However, if you have multiple boxplots that all should have the same style, it's probably better to either move it to the preamble, or make a new style.

enter image description here

\documentclass[a4paper]{scrbook}

\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}                     
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}                        

\usepackage{pgfplotstable} % loads pgfplots which loads tikz which loads graphicx
\usepgfplotslibrary{statistics}
\pgfplotsset{compat=1.8}
\pgfplotsset{/pgf/number format/use comma} 
\usepackage{caption}

%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}
\begin{figure}
\textcolor{black!50}{\rule{\linewidth}{0.25pt}}
\centering
\scriptsize
\\[5ex]
\makeatletter
\pgfplotsset{
   boxplot/draw/average/.code={ % the bulk part of this is the default, found in the manual
      \draw [/pgfplots/boxplot/every average/.try]
      \pgfextra
      % do NOT use \draw[mark=*] plot coordinates because
      % boxplots uses the same plot handler to draw its
      % outliers.
      \pgftransformshift{%
      % basic level access to ’boxplot box cs’:
      \pgfplotsboxplotpointabbox
      {\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{average}}
      {0.5}%
    }%
    \pgfuseplotmark{\tikz@plot@mark}%
    \endpgfextra
    ;
    % the following line is the only new addition
    \node[right,font=\scriptsize] at (boxplot box cs: \boxplotvalue{average}, 0.95) {\pgfmathprintnumber{\boxplotvalue{average}}};
},
boxplot/draw/median/.code={
   \draw [/pgfplots/boxplot/every median/.try]
       (boxplot box cs:\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{median},0)
         % the following line is the only difference from the default definition
         node[left] {\pgfmathprintnumber{\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{median}}}
        --
        (boxplot box cs:\pgfplotsboxplotvalue{median},1);
  },
}
\makeatother
\begin{tikzpicture}
  \begin{axis}
    [
    clip=false,
    boxplot/draw direction=y,
    boxplot/variable width,
    boxplot/every median/.style={black,very thick,solid},
    width=1.00\textwidth,
    height=0.33\textheight,
    ylabel style={align=center}, 
    ytick={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7},
    y tick label style={align=right},
    yticklabels={0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7},
    xtick={0,1,2,3,4},
    x tick label style={align=center},
    xticklabels={,1,2,3,4},
    scatter/classes={
      a={mark=star},
      b={mark=*}
    }
    ]

    \node at (axis cs:0,0) [anchor=west] {\tiny (- - -)};
    \node at (axis cs:0,8) [anchor=west] {\tiny (+++)};

%%% MEAN %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \draw[black, densely dotted]
      (axis cs:0, 5.50) coordinate (tmp)
      (current axis.west |- tmp) node[above right] {\pgfmathprintnumber{5.5}}-- (current axis.east |- tmp);

      %%% Can the value "5,50" be displayed on the left side of the graph above he dotted line?


%%% 1 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    mark=*,
    boxplot,
    boxplot prepared={
      average=5,
      lower whisker=2,
      lower quartile=4.5,
      median=5,
      upper quartile=6.5,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {};


% 2 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    boxplot,
    scatter,
    scatter src=explicit symbolic,
    mark options={fill=white}, 
    boxplot prepared={
      average=6.25,
      lower whisker=5,
      lower quartile=6,
      median=6,
      upper quartile=7,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {
    (2,1) [a]
    (2,4) [b]
    };



% 3 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    mark=*, 
    boxplot,
    mark options={fill=white}, 
    boxplot prepared={
      average=6.3,
      lower whisker=5,
      lower quartile=6,
      median=6,
      upper quartile=7,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {(3,4)};


% 4 %%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
    \addplot[
    mark=*, 
    boxplot,
    boxplot prepared={
      average=5.50,
      lower whisker=4,
      lower quartile=5,
      median=6,
      upper quartile=6,
      upper whisker=7,
      sample size=3 
    },
    ] 
    coordinates {};

  \end{axis}
\end{tikzpicture}
\textcolor{black!50}{\rule{\linewidth}{0.25pt}}
\caption[caption]{caption}
\end{figure}
\end{document}
  • Thank you so much - great job. One last Question: How can I a put a node on the coordinates (2,1) and (2,4)!!? coordinates {(2,1)[a]} node[above right] {\tiny NUMBER1} coordinates {(2,4)[a]} node[above right] {\tiny NUMBER2} Does not work …. :S – TRJW Oct 27 '18 at 11:22
  • 1
    @TRJW \node [above right] at (axis cs:2,1) {...};? – Torbjørn T. Oct 27 '18 at 15:03
  • The "axis cs:" was missing - now it works fine! – TRJW Oct 28 '18 at 8:15
  • 1
    @TRJW By the way, if you have compat=1.11 or higher, axis cs: is the default, so you don't have to specify it explicitly. – Torbjørn T. Oct 28 '18 at 9:21

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