I've got three problems with my document's \footcite for which I can't find a solution. My MWE is the following:




 author = {Hong, KiHoon and Park, Kyounghoon and Yu, Jongmin},
 year = {2018},
 title = {Crowding Out in a Dual Currency Regime? Digital Versus Fiat 


Now I want the following three things to change in the footnote:

  1. Put parentheses around the year (just the year) not the pagenumber
  2. Write "Vgl." before the footnote begins (after the number of the footnote)
  3. Write the number of the footnote as "normal number" not as an exponent.

The current output:

¹Hong, Park, and Yu 2018, S. 4.

should look like this:

1 Vgl. Hong, Park, and Yu (2018), S. 4.

What is the easiest / best way to make this happen?

  • 1
    sorting=anyt, makes little sense with style=authoryear, since anyt sorts by the alphabetic label associated with style=alphabetic. I suggest you drop sorting=anyt, (which will give you the default sorting nyt). style=authoryear, bibstyle=authoryear, citestyle=authoryear, is equivalent to style=authoryear. Finally you should not have to write \footcite[S.~4]{Hong.2018}, \footcite[4]{Hong.2018} is enough, biblatex adds the page prefix for you automatically.
    – moewe
    Nov 3, 2018 at 8:06

1 Answer 1


Point 1 is fairly simple if you use biblatex-ext's drop-in replacement for authoryear, ext-authoryear. Then you only need


Point 2 can be achieved with the optional pre-note argument


Point 3 can be achieved with


In total and keeping in mind my comments under the question (1) that sorting=anyt is not really appropriate for authoryear-like styles since it bases its sorting on the alphabetic label of the style=alphabetic that is not present in authoryear-like styles, (2) that style=authoryear, bibstyle=authoryear, citestyle=authoryear, is the same as style=authoryear and (3) that there is no need to specify "S.~" manually since biblatex adds it automatically if appropriate, we get







1 Vgl. Sigfridsson und Ryde (1998), S. 380.

  • Wow, thank you very much for your detailed answer. This works for me. Just out of curiosity - is there a central way to archive Point 2 so that i don't have to type it before every cite?
    – Christian
    Nov 3, 2018 at 9:06
  • @Christian It is possible, but what if you don't want "vgl." because you have a word-for-word citation?
    – moewe
    Nov 3, 2018 at 11:09

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