# Align last word of a paragraph to the right?

Is it possible to reliably right-align the last word of a paragraph?

Using \hfill works most of the time, looking like

Left stuff                             Right stuff.


but fails if the rest after \hfill doesn't fit into the line. In that case the result looks like

Left stuff. Bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla
bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla
Right stuff.


but I want to get

Left stuff. Bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla
bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla bla
Right stuff.


## Actual example document

\documentclass[12pt]{article}

\begin{document}

\noindent\textbf{In real document, I would use \texttt{\string\hfill} instead of \texttt{\string\hrulefill}. The latter just demonstrates it better in an example document.}

.

\noindent\textbf{The command \texttt{\string\hfill} is useful for aligning short text to left and right easily.}

\noindent Bla bla.

.

\noindent\textbf{If the parts get too long, they are not correctly aligned.}

\noindent Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla.

.

\noindent\textbf{Boxes don't help.}

\noindent \hbox{Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla Bla.}

.

\noindent\textbf{What I am actually trying to do.}

\noindent Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla
\hrulefill (statement:1)

.

\noindent Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla Bla Bla
\hrulefill (statement:1)

.

\noindent\textbf{An approximation of what it should look like, if the last line before (statement:1)'' is full.}

\noindent Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla bla Bla Bla Bla
\\.\hrulefill (statement:1)

\end{document}


There is a nice example in The TeXbook to do this. See chapter 14, page 106.

\documentclass{article}
\def\signed #1 (#2){{\unskip\nobreak\hfil\penalty50
\hskip2em\hbox{}\nobreak\hfil\sl#1\/ \rm(#2)
\parfillskip=0pt \finalhyphendemerits=0 \par}}
\begin{document}
\hsize 9cm
This is a case where the name and address fit in nicely with the review.
\signed A. Reviewer (Ann Arbor, Mich.)

But sometimes an extra line must be added. \signed N. Bourbaki (Paris)
\end{document}


You could make it a bit more standard for LaTeX:

\documentclass{article}
\newcommand{\signed}[1]{%
{\unskip\nobreak\hfil\penalty50
\hskip2em\hbox{}\nobreak\hfil#1
\parfillskip=0pt \finalhyphendemerits=0 \par}}
\begin{document}
\hsize 9cm
This is a case where the name and address fit in nicely with the review.
\signed{\emph{A. Reviewer} (Ann Arbor, Mich.)}

But sometimes an extra line must be added. \signed{\emph{N. Bourbaki} (Paris)}
\end{document}


And the explanation of how it works from The TeXbook:

If a line break occurs at the \penalty50, the \hskip2em will disappear and the empty \hbox will occur at the beginning of a line, followed by \hfil glue. This yields two lines whose badness is zero; the first of these lines is assessed a penalty of 50. But if no line break occurs at the \penalty50, there will be glue of 2 em plus 2 fil between the review and the name; this yields one line of badness zero. TEX will try both alternatives, to see which leads to the fewest total demerits. The one-line solution will usually be preferred if it is feasible.