I'm interested in making a type diagram:

enter image description here

I have the following commands:

\A \ar[r]^-{f} \ar[d]_-{g} & B \\
\C \ar[ur]_-{h}}    

Who provided me with: enter image description here

What should I change to do the first diagram?


  • 4
    Hint: you need 3 columns, 2 rows. C should be in the 2nd row, 2nd column. Then, change the arrow directions accordingly. – Sigur Nov 16 '18 at 17:53
  • 1
    Why not use tikz-cd? – murray Nov 16 '18 at 20:39

Welcome to TeX.SE! If you are not insisting on xymatrix, you could try

\begin{tikzcd}[row sep=4em]
A \arrow[rr, "f"] \arrow[rd, "g"swap]& & B\\
& C \arrow[ur, "h"swap] &

enter image description here

EDIT: switched to relativistic ;-) units, big thanks to @egreg.

  • I'm not a fan of absolute length such as 1.2cm, for these cases. – egreg Nov 16 '18 at 18:29
  • 1
    @egreg Morally I agree but do you really want to add an empty line instead? – marmot Nov 16 '18 at 18:30
  • 2
    I suggest using relative units such as em or ex. – egreg Nov 16 '18 at 21:06
  • Sorry for the basic question, but isn't the relative unit convertible to cm for example in the end? – Diaa Nov 18 '18 at 6:00

Using the xymatrix package you can see an example of little guide for this package: https://www.jmilne.org/not/Mxymatrix.pdf. I have created with this package, for your request, a simple code.

Picture with equilateral triangle.

enter image description here

\ar@{->}[rr]^f \ar@{->}[rd]_g & & B \ar@{<-}[ld]^h\\
  • 1
    It is not necessary to use @{->} since it is the standard arrow style. – Sigur Nov 17 '18 at 21:00
  • 1
    Why empty 3rd line in the second example? – Sigur Nov 17 '18 at 21:01
  • 1
    Although it is not wrong, it is not so natural to insert an arrow from B to C with reversed tip at the starting point. It is easier to read the code if the arrow starts from C. – Sigur Nov 17 '18 at 21:11
  • I've done a lot of rehearsals reading the guide. And to have an equilateral triangle with no errors in the compilation I have inserted the third empty line and I must necessarily use @{->}. I have tried to do my best, I can assure you. – Sebastiano Nov 17 '18 at 21:11
  • 2
    I don't know the difference between @C and @C-. Also, if you use column distance equal to half centimeter, you have to be sure that the diagonal arrows also have such length. There is @R also. – Sigur Nov 17 '18 at 21:16

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