# How add spacing after of \paragraph

How add spacing after of \paragraph{Parrafo}?

\documentclass{report}
\usepackage{float}
\renewcommand\paragraph[1]{$\bullet$ \textbf{#1}}
\begin{document}
\chapter{ } %if you want a name write it as \chapter{name}
init
\section{seccion}
\paragraph{Parrafo} this is a paragraph

this is not paragraph (
and should not have a bullet)
\section{ seccion}
\end{document}


When I put the bullet the spacing was reduced, now I want to increase the spacing.

• \paragraph is one of the document division commands used after \subsection and \subsubsection. Better to create something called, say, \mypara which does what you want instead of subverting the regular \paragraph command. – Peter Wilson Nov 21 '18 at 19:26

## 1 Answer

Instead of redefining \paragraph from scratch, you can copy the definition from report.cls and add your \bullet:

\documentclass{report}

\makeatletter
\renewcommand\paragraph{%
\@startsection{paragraph}{4}%
{4mm}% <-- Space _before_ the paragraph title
{3.25ex \@plus1ex \@minus.2ex}%
{-1em}% <-- Space _after_ the paragraph title (with a minus sign)
%                               V--------V added this to the original
{\normalfont\normalsize\bfseries$\bullet$~}% Content before the paragraph title
}
\makeatother

\begin{document}
\section{seccion}
\paragraph{Parrafo} this is a paragraph

this is not paragraph (%
and should not have a bullet)
\section{seccion}
\end{document}

• i want also space before of paragraph %\renewcommand\paragraph[1]{$\bullet$\hspace{4mm}\textbf{#1}} – x-rw Nov 21 '18 at 18:33
• @x-rw I changed to add the 4mm before the paragraph title as you asked. – Phelype Oleinik Nov 21 '18 at 20:51
• @PhelypeOleinik I could be wrong every one seems to be helping x-rw vertically ? I think request for before paragraph means horizontal offsets – user170109 Nov 22 '18 at 3:19
• @KJO Perhaps you're right... I assumed horizontal space because in the question OP said "When I put the bullet the spacing was reduced" which, in my interpretation means the horizontal space between the title and the following text. Also, in OP's comment right above they said "$\bullet$\hspace{4mm}\textbf{#1}", with an \hspace. We can only hope that OP will leave a comment clarifying :) – Phelype Oleinik Nov 22 '18 at 10:14
• Sorry scratch my comment above looking closer this thread is correctly addressing space either side of paragraph Tag what confused me was the moving word alignment relative to second line. – user170109 Nov 22 '18 at 11:20