# Tables with multirows, coloured cells and horizontal dashed lines.

I am making a table with some coloured rows, dashed lines and multi rows. There is a set of issues I am running into, and none of them seem to solve my entire problem (only partially).

Below I would like that the rows with "med" and "var" are separated with a dashed line (what I am doing with \cdashline{3-12}). However, when using colors in the cell, the line is covered by the colour. When searching for solution to this, I learned about hhline, which helps with the coloured cells, however, does not seem to provide a dashed line.

Also, I am using makecell because I need to split the line in the row. This makes a weird colour formatting, as the colour does not fill entire cell. I read somewhere about using thead instead, however, my problem remained.

The MWE:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{arydshln}
\usepackage{makecell}
\usepackage{hhline}
\usepackage{multirow}
\usepackage{xcolor,colortbl}
\usepackage{array}

\begin{document}

\begin{table}[]
\centering
\begin{tabular}{|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|c|}
\hline
& \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} &  & \multicolumn{3}{c|}{A}      & \multicolumn{3}{c|}{B}  & \multicolumn{3}{c|}{C}       \\ \cline{4-12}
\multirow{-3}{1cm}{\makecell{Onelong-\\word}} & \multirow{-3}{1cm} { \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{ No\\change}} & \multirow{-2}{*}{} & 0.1\%  & 1\%       & 10\%      & 0.1\%  & 1\%     & 10\%      & 0.1\%   & 1\%       & 10\%      \\ \hline
\rowcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF}
&  & med & \makecell{A\\ (B)} & \makecell{C \\  (D)} &  \makecell{ V \\ (D)} &   \makecell{ A \\ (S)} &  T (Y) &  \makecell{Q \\ (A)} &  \makecell{V \\ (V)} &  \makecell{V \\ (V)} &  V (V)  \\  \cdashline{3-12}

\multicolumn{1}{|p{1cm}|}{\multirow{-2}{*}{\cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF}none}}  &   \multirow{-2}{*}{\cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF}A (B)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} var & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{A \\ (B)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{A \\ (B)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{C \\ (D)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{E\\ (F)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{B \\ (F)} &  \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{C \\ (F)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF}  \makecell{J \\ (G)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{L \\ (H)} & \cellcolor[HTML]{EFEFEF} \makecell{K \\ (B)} \\ \hline
\end{tabular}
\end{table}
\end{document}


Provides me with:

• Welcome to TeX - LaTeX! Do you really need all of this? Please read the documentation of the booktabs package for advice on good design of tables. – Andrew Swann Nov 27 '18 at 16:02
• Hello! Thank you for this reference. The table I am providing here is just a snippet of my entire table. This seems to be the most concise way to show my results. But reading your reference makes me think whether I want to reconsider some of the formatting. – stysia Nov 28 '18 at 17:26
• The reason I want to grey this particular row and particular column is because I would like to highlight it and refer to it later in the text. In the reference you provided it tells about the best way to present a table. Do you have some similar guide for accenting things in a table? – stysia Nov 29 '18 at 6:59

I would suggest a simpler layout, no vertical rules, extra row spacing instead of dashed lines, entries at the top of their cells not multirow. Entries can be highlighted by changing font:

here I have chosen \itshape, but \bfseries could be used; or you could use a row color:

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{booktabs}
\usepackage{xcolor,colortbl}

\definecolor{hrow}{HTML}{EFEFEF}
\newcommand{\hi}{\itshape}

\begin{document}

\begin{tabular}{*{12}{c}}
\toprule
\smash{\begin{tabular}[t]{@{}c@{}}Onelong-\\word \end{tabular}}
&\smash{\begin{tabular}[t]{@{}c@{}}No\\change \end{tabular}}
&
&\multicolumn{3}{c}{A}
&\multicolumn{3}{c}{B}
&\multicolumn{3}{c}{C}\\
\cmidrule(lr){4-6}
\cmidrule(lr){7-9}
\cmidrule(lr){10-12}
&&
&0.1\%&1\%&10\%
&0.1\%&1\%&10\%
&0.1\%&1\%&10\%\\
\midrule
none&A(B)&med&A&C&V&A&T(Y)&Q&V&V&V(V)\\
&&&(B)&(D)&(D)&(S)&&(A)&(V)&(V)&\\[.5ex]
&&var&A&A&C&E&B&C&J&L&K\\
&&&(B)&(B)&(D)&(F)&(F)&(F)&(G)&(H)&(B)\\
\midrule
\hi one&\hi A(B)&\hi med&\hi A&\hi C&\hi V&\hi A&\hi T(Y)&\hi Q&\hi V&\hi V&\hi V(V)\\
\hi &&&\hi (B)&\hi (D)&\hi (D)&\hi (S)&&\hi (A)&\hi (V)&\hi (V)&\\[.5ex]
\hi &&\hi var&\hi A&\hi A&\hi C&\hi E&\hi B&\hi C&\hi J&\hi L&\hi K\\
\hi &&&\hi (B)&\hi (B)&\hi (D)&\hi (F)&\hi (F)&\hi (F)&\hi (G)&\hi (H)&\hi (B)\\
\midrule
two&A(B)&med&A&C&V&A&T(Y)&Q&V&V&V(V)\\
&&&(B)&(D)&(D)&(S)&&(A)&(V)&(V)&\\[.5ex]
&&var&A&A&C&E&B&C&J&L&K\\
&&&(B)&(B)&(D)&(F)&(F)&(F)&(G)&(H)&(B)\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}

\clearpage

\begin{tabular}{*{12}{c}}
\toprule
\smash{\begin{tabular}[t]{@{}c@{}}Onelong-\\word \end{tabular}}
&\smash{\begin{tabular}[t]{@{}c@{}}No\\change \end{tabular}}
&
&\multicolumn{3}{c}{A}
&\multicolumn{3}{c}{B}
&\multicolumn{3}{c}{C}\\
\cmidrule(lr){4-6}
\cmidrule(lr){7-9}
\cmidrule(lr){10-12}
&&
&0.1\%&1\%&10\%
&0.1\%&1\%&10\%
&0.1\%&1\%&10\%\\
\midrule
none&A(B)&med&A&C&V&A&T(Y)&Q&V&V&V(V)\\
&&&(B)&(D)&(D)&(S)&&(A)&(V)&(V)&\\[.5ex]
&&var&A&A&C&E&B&C&J&L&K\\
&&&(B)&(B)&(D)&(F)&(F)&(F)&(G)&(H)&(B)\\
\midrule
\rowcolor{hrow} one&A(B)&med&A&C&V&A&T(Y)&Q&V&V&V(V)\\
\rowcolor{hrow} &&&(B)&(D)&(D)&(S)&&(A)&(V)&(V)&\\[.5ex]
\rowcolor{hrow} &&var&A&A&C&E&B&C&J&L&K\\
\rowcolor{hrow} &&&(B)&(B)&(D)&(F)&(F)&(F)&(G)&(H)&(B)\\
\midrule
two&A(B)&med&A&C&V&A&T(Y)&Q&V&V&V(V)\\
&&&(B)&(D)&(D)&(S)&&(A)&(V)&(V)&\\[.5ex]
&&var&A&A&C&E&B&C&J&L&K\\
&&&(B)&(B)&(D)&(F)&(F)&(F)&(G)&(H)&(B)\\
\bottomrule
\end{tabular}

\end{document}

• Wow, this looks very pleasing! Thank you for the tip on the highlighting. I think the cell colour looks nicer than emphsise/italics. I mentioned also that I was interested in highlighting both the column and the row. However, I think maybe I could skip the column and somehow emphasise the information I need in the text, and only focus on the row. Also, I like the midrules for the A, B, C elements. I learned a lot, thank you! – stysia Nov 29 '18 at 16:09