5

This code does not work with named coordinates (such as the following code). How can I reflect the blue line over the red line by using coordinate names. And how do I reflect just a named coordinate?

\documentclass[tikz]{standalone}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=0.55]
\coordinate (A) at (0,0);
\coordinate (B) at (1,1);
\coordinate (C) at (1,2);
\coordinate (D) at (2,0);
\coordinate (E) at (2,3);

\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\draw[red] (D)--(E);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}
4

This is a list of proposals. None of them is perfect. However, the aim is not to transform the points one by one, but the full line. (Transforming the points one by one is possible e.g. with the tkz-euclide or just with calc.) The ordering indicates a ranking of these options.

First option: (ab)use show path construction. (Problems: one has to cheat with the colors and also this is not one path but two of them.)

\documentclass[tikz,border=3.14mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.pathreplacing,calc}
\makeatletter
\tikzset{reflect at/.style args={#1--#2}{decorate,decoration={
show path construction,
lineto code={\draw[\tikz@textcolor]
($2*($(#1)!(\tikzinputsegmentfirst)!(#2)$)-(\tikzinputsegmentfirst)$)
-- ($2*($(#1)!(\tikzinputsegmentlast)!(#2)$)-(\tikzinputsegmentlast)$);}}}}
\makeatother
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=0.55]
\coordinate (A) at (0,0);
\coordinate (B) at (1,1);
\coordinate (C) at (1,2);
\coordinate (D) at (2,0);
\coordinate (E) at (2,3);
\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\draw[red] (D)--(E);
\draw[blue,reflect at=D--E] (B)--(A)--(C);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

A slight modification thereof does point reflections.

\documentclass[tikz,border=3.14mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.pathreplacing,calc}
\makeatletter
\tikzset{point reflect at/.style args={#1}{decorate,decoration={
show path construction,
lineto code={\draw[\tikz@textcolor]
($(\tikzinputsegmentfirst)+2*($(#1)-(\tikzinputsegmentfirst)$)$)
-- ($(\tikzinputsegmentlast)+2*($(#1)-(\tikzinputsegmentlast)$)$);}}}}
\makeatother
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=0.55]
\path  (0,0) coordinate (A) (1,1) coordinate (B) (1,2) coordinate (C) 
(2,3) coordinate (D);
\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\fill[red] (D) circle(1pt);
\draw[blue,point reflect at=D] (B)--(A)--(C);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

Second option: Change the to path. (Problems: not one continuous path but separate ones and you need to draw segment by segment.)

\documentclass[tikz]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{calc}
\tikzset{reflect at/.style args={#1--#2}{to path={%
($2*($(#1)!(\tikztostart)!(#2)$)-(\tikztostart)$)
-- ($2*($(#1)!(\tikztotarget)!(#2)$)-(\tikztotarget)$)
}}}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=0.55]
\coordinate (A) at (0,0);
\coordinate (B) at (1,1);
\coordinate (C) at (1,2);
\coordinate (D) at (2,0);
\coordinate (E) at (2,3);

\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\draw[red] (D)--(E);
\draw[blue,reflect at=D--E] (B) to (A) (A) to (C);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

Third option: More core-level. (Problem: doesn't work with rescaling things.)

\documentclass[tikz]{standalone}
\makeatletter
\tikzset{get mirror data/.code args={#1--#2}{%\pgftransformreset 
\pgfutil@tempdima=\pgf@x
\pgfutil@tempdimb=\pgf@y
\pgfpointanchor{#1}{center}
\pgf@xa=\pgf@x
\pgf@ya=\pgf@y
\pgfpointanchor{#2}{center}
\pgf@xb=\pgf@x
\pgf@yb=\pgf@y
\pgfmathsetmacro{\tmpt}{2*(-(\pgf@ya*(\pgf@xb-\pgf@xa)) + \pgfutil@tempdimb*(\pgf@xb-\pgf@xa) + (\pgf@xa - \pgfutil@tempdima)*(\pgf@yb-\pgf@ya))/((\pgf@xb-\pgf@xa)^2 + (\pgf@yb-\pgf@ya)^2)}
\advance\pgf@xb by-\pgf@xa
\advance\pgf@yb by-\pgf@ya
\pgfutil@tempdima=\tmpt\pgf@yb
\pgfutil@tempdimb=-\tmpt\pgf@xb
},
mirror at/.style args={#1--#2}{get mirror data=#1--#2,xshift=\pgfutil@tempdima,
yshift=\pgfutil@tempdimb}}
\makeatother
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=1]
\coordinate (A) at (0,0);
\coordinate (B) at (1,1);
\coordinate (C) at (1,2);
\path (2,0) coordinate (D) ++ (rnd*120:2) coordinate (E);
\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\draw[blue] ([mirror at=D--E]B)--([mirror at=D--E]A)--([mirror at=D--E]C);
\draw[red] (D)--(E);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

Fourth option: A style that computes the reflected coordinates. (Problems: Unfortunately, the syntax in this version requires to specify the coordinate twice, e.g. there are two Bs in ([reflect=B at D--E]B), and it does not work well with global transformations like scale=0.55. Other than that it uses this answer which shows how to compute the orthogonal projection of a point on a line.)

\documentclass[tikz]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{calc}
\tikzset{reflect/.style args={#1 at #2--#3}{shift={%
($2*($(#2)!(#1)!(#3)$)-2*(#1)$)
}}}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\coordinate (A) at (0,0);
\coordinate (B) at (1,1);
\coordinate (C) at (1,2);
\coordinate (D) at (2,0);
\coordinate (E) at (2,3);

\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\draw[red] (D)--(E);

\draw[orange] ([reflect=B at D--E]B) -- ([reflect=A at D--E]A)
-- ([reflect=C at D--E]C);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

Side-remark: Paul Gaborit's solution seems to work.

\documentclass[tikz]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{spy,decorations.fractals}
\tikzset{
  mirror scope/.is family,
  mirror scope/angle/.store in=\mirrorangle,
  mirror scope/center/.store in=\mirrorcenter,
  mirror setup/.code={\tikzset{mirror scope/.cd,#1}},
  mirror scope/.style={mirror setup={#1},spy scope={
      rectangle,lens={rotate=\mirrorangle,yscale=-1,rotate=-1*\mirrorangle},size=80cm}},
}
\newcommand\mirror[1][]{\spy[overlay,#1] on (\mirrorcenter) in node at (\mirrorcenter)}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\coordinate (A) at (0,0);
\coordinate (B) at (1,1);
\coordinate (C) at (1,2);
\coordinate (D) at (2,0);
\coordinate (E) at (2,3);
  \draw [help lines] (0,0) grid (4,3);
  \begin{scope}[mirror scope={center={2,0},angle=90}]
    \draw[blue] (B) -- (A) -- (C);
    \draw[red]  (D) -- (E);
    \mirror;
  \end{scope}
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

As for your latest request: This is a way to "save" the coordinates. Mhmm, maybe I need to revisit the overall strategy...

\documentclass[tikz,border=3.14mm]{standalone}
\usetikzlibrary{decorations.pathreplacing,calc}
\newcounter{reflected}
\makeatletter
\tikzset{stepref/.code={\stepcounter{reflected}},
point reflect at/.style args={#1}{decorate,decoration={
show path construction,
lineto code={
\draw[\tikz@textcolor]
($(\tikzinputsegmentfirst)+2*($(#1)-(\tikzinputsegmentfirst)$)$) [stepref]
coordinate (reflected coordinate \arabic{reflected})
-- ($(\tikzinputsegmentlast)+2*($(#1)-(\tikzinputsegmentlast)$)$)[stepref]
coordinate (reflected coordinate \arabic{reflected})
;}}}}
\makeatother
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[scale=0.55]
\path  (0,0) coordinate (A) (1,1) coordinate (B) (1,2) coordinate (C) 
(2,3) coordinate (D);
\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\fill[red] (D) circle(1pt);
\draw[blue,point reflect at=D] (B)--(A)--(C);
\path (reflected coordinate 1) coordinate (B')
(reflected coordinate 2) coordinate (A')
(reflected coordinate 4) coordinate (C');
\draw[red,latex-] (B') -- ++ (-1,1) node[pos=1.2]{B'};
\draw[red,latex-] (A') -- ++ (1,1)  node[pos=1.2]{A'};
\draw[red,latex-] (C') -- ++ (1,-1)  node[pos=1.2]{C'};
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

  • @blackened D is the mirror center, and since E is above D, the angle is 90 degrees. For general coordinates one could use calc to compute the angle (or write a new style). – marmot Dec 25 '18 at 16:11
  • @blackened I guess the question is what you want to achieve. I think that the second one is rather short. (I do believe that one should be able to simplify it further. I was starting to look at \tikzoption for that.) – marmot Dec 26 '18 at 3:18
  • 1
    @blackened Updated. – marmot Dec 28 '18 at 15:43
  • @blackened I also added the point reflection. Please let me know once you have it. It will be impossible to find here, so it is useless for others, and hence I want to delete it. Of course, you could ask another question.) – marmot Dec 28 '18 at 15:48
  • 1
    @blackened I added something. And I am wondering if there is a trick to improve the strategy but so far I have no striking idea. – marmot Mar 6 at 16:01
4

One possibility is using the tkz-euclide package.

To define A1 the mirror image of the point A with respect to the line DE use: \tkzDefPointBy[reflection=over D--E](A) \tkzGetPoint{A1}

\documentclass[border=1cm,tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{tkz-euclide}
\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}
\draw[help lines,dashed](0,0)grid(4,4);
\coordinate (A) at (0,0);
\coordinate (B) at (1,1);
\coordinate (C) at (1,2);
\coordinate (D) at (2,0);
\coordinate[label=E] (E) at (2,3);

\tkzDefPointBy[reflection=over D--E](A) \tkzGetPoint{A1}
\tkzDefPointBy[reflection=over D--E](B) \tkzGetPoint{B1}
\tkzDefPointBy[reflection=over D--E](C) \tkzGetPoint{C1}

\draw[blue] (B)--(A)--(C);
\draw[red] (D)--(E);

\draw [green] (B1)--(A1)--(C1);
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

4

A PSTricks solution only for comparison purposes.

\documentclass[pstricks,border=12pt]{standalone}
\usepackage{pst-eucl}
\begin{document}
\pspicture[PointName=none,PointSymbol=none](8,3)
\pstGeonode(1,3){A}(0,0){B}(2,2){C}(4,3){X}(4,0){Y}
\pstOrtSym{X}{Y}{A,B,C}[A',B',C']
\psline[linecolor=blue](X)(Y)
\psline[linecolor=red](A)(B)(C)
\psline[linecolor=red](A')(B')(C')
\endpspicture
\end{document}

enter image description here

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