5

The white/black board can be drawn by testing the parity of node positions as follows:

white-black-board

\documentclass[tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{xifthen}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[every node/.style = {draw, circle, minimum size = 10pt}]
  \foreach \r in {1, ..., 4} {
    \foreach \c in {1, ..., 5} {
      \pgfmathparse{mod(\r + \c, 2)} 
      \let\parity\pgfmathresult 

      \ifthenelse{\equal{\parity}{0.0}}
      {\node (\r\c) [fill = lightgray] at (\c, \r){}}
      {\node (\r\c) at (\c, \r){}};
    }
  }
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

However, using isodd of xifthen does not produce the same result. What is wrong here? Or are there any alternative similar solutions?

white-black-board-wrong

\documentclass[tikz]{standalone}
\usepackage{xifthen}

\begin{document}
\begin{tikzpicture}[every node/.style = {draw, circle, minimum size = 10pt}]
  \foreach \r in {1, ..., 4} {
    \foreach \c in {1, ..., 5} {
      \ifthenelse{\NOT \isodd{\r + \c}}
      {\node (\r\c) [fill = lightgray] at (\c, \r){}}
      {\node (\r\c) at (\c, \r){}};
    }
  }
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}
5

You are implicitly assuming that isodd does calculations. But this is not what happens, it actually simply takes the begin of the argument until it hits something that is no longer a number. So you would need to do the addition first and then fed the result to isodd. Or use the tools of pgf:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{tikz}
\usepackage{xifthen}

\begin{document}
\ifthenelse{\isodd{124blub}}{odd}{even}

\ifthenelse{\isodd{123blub}}{odd}{even}

\ifthenelse{\isodd{2+3}}{odd}{even}

\ifthenelse{\isodd{3+2}}{odd}{even}

\bigskip
\begin{tikzpicture}[every node/.style = {draw, circle, minimum size = 10pt}]
  \foreach \r in {1, ..., 4} {
    \foreach \c in {1, ..., 5} {
      \pgfmathsetmacro\mycolor{isodd{\numexpr\r+\c}?"lightgray":"white"}
      \node (\r\c) [fill =\mycolor  ] at (\c, \r){};
    }
  }
\end{tikzpicture}
\end{document}

enter image description here

| improve this answer | |
5

I'd suggest using TeX's \ifodd (or etoolbox); xifthen-and-friends may be considered obsolete:

enter image description here

\documentclass{article}

\usepackage{xfp,tikz}

\begin{document}

\begin{tikzpicture}[every node/.style = {draw, circle, minimum size = 10pt}]
  \foreach \r in {1, ..., 4} {
    \foreach \c in {1, ..., 5} {
      \ifodd\inteval{\r+\c}
        \node (\r\c) [fill = lightgray] at (\c, \r) {};
      \else
        \node (\r\c) at (\c, \r) {};
      \fi
    }
  }
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}

I use xfp since it is convenient and provides an expandable \inteval for integer evaluation that can be used in conditioning options like \ifodd. You can also do it without xfp:

      \ifodd\numexpr\r+\c\relax
      %...
| improve this answer | |
3

\isodd doesn't compute; you might do

\expandafter\ifthenelse\expandafter{\expandafter\NOT\expandafter\isodd\expandafter{\the\numexpr\r+\c}}

but it's not something I'd use myself. ;-)

Here's a (partial) reimplementation of xifthen allowing expressions; the syntax is different, though: for parentheses you use ( and ) rather than \( and \). For the connectives, \AND, \OR and \NOT are replaced respectively by &&, || and !.

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{xparse}
\usepackage{tikz} % for the application

\ExplSyntaxOn
\NewExpandableDocumentCommand{\xifthenelse}{mmm}
 {
  \bool_if:nTF { #1 } { #2 } { #3 }
 }

\cs_new_eq:NN \numtest     \int_compare_p:n
\cs_new_eq:NN \oddtest     \int_if_odd_p:n
\cs_new_eq:NN \fptest      \fp_compare_p:n
\cs_new_eq:NN \dimtest     \dim_compare_p:n
\cs_new_eq:NN \deftest     \cs_if_exist_p:N
\cs_new_eq:NN \namedeftest \cs_if_exist_p:c
\cs_new_eq:NN \eqdeftest   \token_if_eq_meaning_p:NN
\cs_new_eq:NN \streqtest   \str_if_eq_p:ee
\cs_new_eq:NN \emptytest   \tl_if_blank_p:n
\prg_new_conditional:Nnn \xxifthen_legacy_conditional:n { p,T,F,TF }
 {
  \use:c { if#1 } \prg_return_true: \else: \prg_return_false: \fi:
 }
\cs_new_eq:NN \boolean \xxifthen_legacy_conditional_p:n
\ExplSyntaxOff

\begin{document}

\xifthenelse{\emptytest{}}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{\emptytest{ }}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{\emptytest{ foo }}{true}{false} false

\xifthenelse{\numtest{10 * 10 + 1 > 100}}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{\numtest{10 * 10 + 1 > 100 * 100}}{true}{false} false

\xifthenelse{\eqdeftest{\usepackage}{\RequirePackage}}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{\eqdeftest{\usepackage}{\textit}}{true}{false} false

\xifthenelse{\namedeftest{@foo}}{true}{false} false

\xifthenelse{\namedeftest{@for}}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{\namedeftest{@for} || \numtest{1>2}}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{\namedeftest{@for} && \numtest{1>2}}{true}{false} false

\xifthenelse{\namedeftest{@for} && !\numtest{1>2}}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{!\oddtest{1+3}}{true}{false} true

\xifthenelse{\boolean{mmode}}{true}{false} false

$\xifthenelse{\boolean{mmode}}{true}{false}$ true

\xifthenelse{\fptest{22/7 = pi}}{true}{false} false

\bigskip

\begin{tikzpicture}[every node/.style = {draw, circle, minimum size = 10pt}]
  \foreach \r in {1, ..., 4} {
    \foreach \c in {1, ..., 5} {
      \xifthenelse{!\oddtest{\r+\c}}
      {\node (\r\c) [fill = lightgray] at (\c, \r){}}
      {\node (\r\c) at (\c, \r){}};
    }
  }
\end{tikzpicture}

\end{document}

enter image description here

Of course, using PGF methods for the picture case is much easier.

| improve this answer | |

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