I mess up with things when I try to use the figure-thing: the picture is not appearing with the correct alignment (apparently because I forget the float package). Now I want to use only the graphicx package with \includegraphics. How can I center the \includegraphics without figure?

Not working or doing centering to the document afterwards.

\includegraphics[width=0.5 \textwidth]{./Pictures/r.png}{\centering}
\includegraphics[width=0.5 \textwidth]{./Pictures/r.png}\centering

2 Answers 2


Put \includegraphics into a center environment -- this also adds some space before and after your picture.


\usepackage[demo]{graphicx}% "demo" to make example compilable without .png-file






  • 8
    The environment center puts some extra vertical space around its contents, which is frowned upon, at least for me. Therefore I prefer the command \centering, i.e. {\centering\includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{mypicture.png}}, the outer pair of braces is to make the effect of \centering be local.
    – yo'
    Mar 5, 2012 at 21:51
  • 5
    @tohecz I'd say center should be frowned upon inside floats (which add own space before/after them), but is perfectly fine for pictures inserted directly in the text.
    – lockstep
    Mar 5, 2012 at 21:57
  • 1
    @tohecz Your command misses a \par before the end of outer bracket. Without \par it won't work.
    – xji
    Nov 14, 2014 at 8:04
  • 2
    Neither the center environment nor centering appears to work for beamerposter. =/
    – Translunar
    Mar 31, 2015 at 20:36
  • \centering can cause trouble when you specify a rotation angle in a way that defining an environment using \begin{center}...\end{center} seems to avoid - however, if \centering is causing trouble, it can help to specify as follows: {\centering \includegraphics[width=0.5\textwidth]{mypicture.png} \par} Nov 20, 2020 at 11:15

\includegraphics{..} looks to TeX like a big letter, center it the same way


or use \centering if you prefer.

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