# Problem with in-text citations

I am writing a lengthy document, having many citations and following the APA citations style. I would like the in-text citations of multiple authors to have this character "&" instead of the word "and".

For example, this is how currently one of my in-text citations looks like: (Johnsson and Ammari, 2016).

While this is how I would like it to be:

(Johnsson & Ammari, 2016).

I also have the following in my main file:

\usepackage[backend=biber,style=apa,  citestyle=apa, firstinits=true , language=ngerman ]{biblatex}
\DeclareLanguageMapping{english}{english-apa}

• Can you please add a full example document that shows what you are doing at the moment (a so-called MWE tex.meta.stackexchange.com/q/228/35864, tex.meta.stackexchange.com/q/4407/35864). I just ran a short test and both \autocite and \parencite gave me "(Sigfridsson & Ryde, 1998)". Are you using (\cite{sigfridsson})? If so, please use \autocite{sigfridsson} or \parencite{sigfridsson} instead. – moewe Jan 30 at 10:20
• @moewe, I used \cite. But now, as I have just found out, \autocite solves this issue. Thanks! – user3318424 Jan 30 at 10:44

The APA style guide wants an ampersand in citations only when the names are set in parentheses. Naturally biblatex-apa follows these rules as closely as possible.

With

\autocite{sigfridsson}


you get

(Sigfridsson & Ryde, 1998)

as desired. It should never be necessary to add parentheses around a biblatex cite command manually, there is almost always a command that does that for you automatically. And if you write the parentheses yourself, biblatex does not know about them and can't switch to the ampersand.

\cite and \textcite will both give "und"/"and". \nptextcite will give the same output as \parencite/\autocite but without the parentheses. \nptextcite can be used if you want to cite when you are already in parentheses.

\documentclass[ngerman]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage[utf8]{inputenc}
\usepackage{babel}
\usepackage{csquotes}

\usepackage[backend=biber, style=apa]{biblatex}

\begin{document}
\autocite{sigfridsson}

\parencite{sigfridsson}

\cite{sigfridsson}

\textcite{sigfridsson}

\nptextcite{sigfridsson}

\printbibliography
\end{document}