38

I need to display math in my report, but is it possible to remove the vertical space around align*?

A little example is the following (where I just want the align* to have the same vertical space as a \\

\documentclass[10pt,danish,a4paper,oneside,fleqn]{report}

\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{amsmath}

\begin{document}

ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss
\begin{align*}
  A{\cap}B\ & =\ {\left\{{b,d,e}\right\}}{\;}{\cap}{\;}{\left\{{a,b,f,g}\right\}}   \\
  \nonumber\ & =\ {\left\{{b}\right\}}
\end{align*}
ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss \\
ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss

\end{document}
  • 1
    Please, show a minimal example of what you find wrong. – egreg Mar 9 '12 at 13:41
  • You shouldn't, it makes the math harder to read – daleif Mar 9 '12 at 13:55
  • 2
    The math is taking to much space in my report as I have a page limit – The87Boy Mar 9 '12 at 13:56
  • To remove the space you may use the minipage environment. Use \begin{minipage}[t][height of text][t]{yourtextsize} and you will contain the height of the align environment. – Vag Apr 24 '18 at 14:42
35
\documentclass[10pt,danish,a4paper,oneside,fleqn]{report}

\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{amsmath,lipsum}

\begin{document}
\setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{0pt}
\setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{0pt}
\setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{0pt}
\setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{0pt}

\lipsum*[2]  
\begin{align*}
  A\cap B & = \{b,d,e\} \cap \{a,b,f,g\} \\
          & = \{b\}
\end{align*}
\lipsum[3]

\end{document}

Note, however, that this is very poor typography. (lipsum is just to generate dummy text.)

The four parameters state how much vertical space is inserted between text and a math display. The "short" version is used for equation, when the last line of text is short.

You should also check the way you're inputting math. You're using too much redundant braces (that in some cases give very bad results). It's quite rare to use explicit spacing commands in math.

Here's the result of typesetting the test file

enter image description here

This is the principle. In case you use font size changing commands, you have to tell LaTeX that you want this zero spacing in all sizes by putting this in the preamble

\usepackage{etoolbox}
\newcommand{\zerodisplayskips}{%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{0pt}}
\appto{\normalsize}{\zerodisplayskips}
\appto{\small}{\zerodisplayskips}
\appto{\footnotesize}{\zerodisplayskips}

so that the example becomes

\documentclass[10pt,danish,a4paper,oneside,fleqn]{report}

\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage{amsmath,lipsum}
\usepackage{etoolbox}
\newcommand{\zerodisplayskips}{%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{0pt}}
\appto{\normalsize}{\zerodisplayskips}
\appto{\small}{\zerodisplayskips}
\appto{\footnotesize}{\zerodisplayskips}

\begin{document}

\lipsum*[2]  
\begin{align*}
  A\cap B & = \{b,d,e\} \cap \{a,b,f,g\} \\
          & = \{b\}
\end{align*}
\lipsum[3]

\end{document}
|improve this answer|||||
  • Thanks for the comments, but the setlength's did not do it :( – The87Boy Mar 9 '12 at 14:04
  • It does. You probably have other display environments, I'll update my answer – egreg Mar 9 '12 at 14:06
  • It stills give me the same result, no space removed – The87Boy Mar 9 '12 at 14:29
  • 2
    Works for me as well, but makes me wondering why it doesn't work when the \setlength commands are set in the preamble. – Philipp Mar 9 '12 at 15:04
  • 1
    @Philipp The parameters' values are set by \normalsize and other size changing commands, which might account for the OP's problem. – egreg Mar 9 '12 at 15:17
13

Use an inline equation (which adds no vertical space), place the macro \displaystyle within it (so it looks like a normal equation), place aligned within it (for alignment), and enclose it within {\centering ... \par} (to center without adding unnecessary vertical space).

{\centering
  $ \displaystyle
    \begin{aligned} 
       A{\cap}B\ & =\ {\left\{{b,d,e}\right\}}{\;}{\cap}{\;}{\left\{{a,b,f,g}\right\}}   \\
       \nonumber\ & =\ {\left\{{b}\right\}} 
    \end{aligned}
  $ 
\par}%Necessary for centering to work

It's a bit ugly if you're doing it a lot, but in my case it was handy because I wanted to remove vertical space from one or two equations (so they'd fit within a table) but not affect any others.

|improve this answer|||||
  • There is a little typo in your code - \displaysyle instead of \displaystyle. – Eenoku Nov 21 '15 at 22:29
  • Thanks, this is great! It also allows using \raggedright and \raggedleft for respectively left- and right- alignment. I'm making it into a macro for reuse :-) – Blaisorblade Sep 10 '17 at 19:44
7

Egreg's solution has unwanted spaces at the end of the lines. They have to be suppressed by putting % at the end.

\usepackage{etoolbox}
\newcommand{\zerodisplayskips}{%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\abovedisplayshortskip}{0pt}%
  \setlength{\belowdisplayshortskip}{0pt}}
\appto{\normalsize}{\zerodisplayskips}
\appto{\small}{\zerodisplayskips}
\appto{\footnotesize}{\zerodisplayskips}
|improve this answer|||||
  • I've updated egreg's answer. – Roly Dec 31 '16 at 9:30

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