1

Based on the Wipet's answer, and with the same learning spirit, about the iterate loop "for", it's interesting to find out how the proposed "for loop" could be more modular. I want to pass, as an argument, the iterable list purposed in the above example.

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{pst-solides3d}

%%% FOR LOOP %%%
\makeatletter
\long\def\for#1in#2#3{\expandafter\def\csname b:\string#1\endcsname{#3}%
   \@forinA#1#2;}
\long\def\@forinA#1#2;{\ifx#2\else
   \def#1{#2}\csname b:\string#1\endcsname \expandafter\@forinA\expandafter#1\fi}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\makeatother

%% Variables%%
\pgfmathparse{1.2}\edef\linkLength{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.2}\edef\jointRadio{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.6}\edef\jointLength{\pgfmathresult}

\newcommand{\iterating}{
%%% point's structure  %%%
\for\i in {%
0 0 0;% N°0
0 0 0;% N°1 
0 0 \linkLength;% N°2 
0 0 \jointLength;% N°3
0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio};% N°4
}
{%  
  \i\par
   %... call to several macros
}%
}
\begin{document}

\iterating

\end{document}

The code behavior is correct for my purpose.

0 0 0
0 0 0
0 0 1.2
0 0 0.6
0 0.6*0.5 1.2+ 0.2

This list, is an implicit list, with several variables and arithmetic operation in each component. So the main idea is passing the list as a macro, something like \newcommand{\list}{0 0 0;0 0 0;0 0 \linkLength;0 0 \jointLength;0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio}} and call it as \for\i in \list. I don't understand which modifications be needed in for declaration to reach this behavior. (i realize that this behavior could be reached using \foreach statement but i need to understand how could be done)

Any ideas, will be well received.

1

(The macro \list is already defined and in use for the list-environment in LaTeX 2e.
Therefore in the example below, the macro \MyList is defined and used instead.)

You can, e.g., easily turn the matter into a matter of expanding the macro that holds the list and afterwards exchanging arguments.

With the example below, \expandafter is used for expanding the macro \MyList (whose expansion yields the list that is to be iterated) chronologically before via \PassFirstToSecond moving that list (nested in braces) within the arrangement that is formed by the token-stream behind the \for\i in-construct.

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{pst-solides3d}

%%% FOR LOOP %%%
\makeatletter
\long\def\for#1in#2#3{\expandafter\def\csname b:\string#1\endcsname{#3}%
   \@forinA#1#2;}
\long\def\@forinA#1#2;{\ifx#2\else
   \def#1{#2}\csname b:\string#1\endcsname \expandafter\@forinA\expandafter#1\fi}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\makeatother

%% Variables%%
\pgfmathparse{1.2}\edef\linkLength{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.2}\edef\jointRadio{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.6}\edef\jointLength{\pgfmathresult}

\newcommand{\iterating}{%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%%% point's structure  %%%
\for\i in {%
0 0 0;% N°0
0 0 0;% N°1 
0 0 \linkLength;% N°2 
0 0 \jointLength;% N°3
0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio};% N°4
}
{%  
  \i\par
   %... call to several macros
}%
}


\newcommand\PassFirstToSecond[2]{#2{#1}}

\newcommand\MyList{%
  0 0 0;% N°0
  0 0 0;% N°1 
  0 0 \linkLength;% N°2 
  0 0 \jointLength;% N°3
  0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio};% N°4
}%



\begin{document}

\noindent\verb|\iterating| yields:

\iterating

\bigskip

\noindent\verb|\expandafter\PassFirstToSecond\expandafter{\MyList}{\for\i in }{\i\par}| yields:

\expandafter\PassFirstToSecond\expandafter{\MyList}{\for\i in }{\i\par}%

\bigskip

\noindent You can also do another kind of \verb|\expandafter|-orgy:

\bigskip

\noindent\verb|\expandafter\for\expandafter\i\expandafter i\expandafter n\expandafter{\MyList}{\i\par}| yields:

\expandafter\for\expandafter\i\expandafter i\expandafter n\expandafter{\MyList}{\i\par}%

\end{document}

enter image description here


You can also use a macro like \romannumeral\Expandtimes for specifying the level of expansion that is needed with the argument which holds the list—\romannumeral\Expandtimes is explained in How can I know the number of \expandafters when appending to a csname macro?:

\documentclass[a4paper]{article}
\usepackage{pst-solides3d}

%%% FOR LOOP %%%
\makeatletter
%
\newcommand\exchange[2]{#2#1}%
% A check is needed for finding out if an argument is catcode-11-"d" while there are only 
% the possibilities that the argument is either a single catcode-11-"d"
% or a single catcode-12-"m":
\def\innerdfork#1d#2#3dd{#2}%
\def\dfork#1{\innerdfork#1{\@firstoftwo}d{\@secondoftwo}dd}%
% By means of \romannumeral create as many catcode-12-characters m as expansion-steps are to take place.
% Then by means of recursion for each of these m double the amount of `\expandafter`-tokens and
% add one `\expandafter`-token within \innerExp's first argument.
\def\Expandtimes#1{0\expandafter\innerExp\expandafter{\expandafter}\romannumeral\number\number#1 000d}
\def\innerExp#1#2{\dfork{#2}{#1 }{\innerExp{#1#1\expandafter}}}


\long\def\for#1in #2-level-expansion of #3#4{%
  \expandafter\def\csname b:\string#1\endcsname{#4}%
  \expandafter\exchange\expandafter{\romannumeral\Expandtimes{#2}#3;}{\@forinA#1}%
}
\long\def\@forinA#1#2;{\ifx#2\else
   \def#1{#2}\csname b:\string#1\endcsname \expandafter\@forinA\expandafter#1\fi}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\makeatother

%% Variables%%
\pgfmathparse{1.2}\edef\linkLength{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.2}\edef\jointRadio{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.6}\edef\jointLength{\pgfmathresult}

\newcommand\MyList{%
  0 0 0;%
  0 0 0;%
  0 0 \linkLength;%
  0 0 \jointLength;%
  0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio};%
}%

\newcommand\MyOuterListContainer{\MyInnerListContainer}
\newcommand\MyInnerListContainer{\MyList}


\begin{document}

\begingroup
\topsep=0ex \partopsep=0ex
\begin{verbatim}
\for\i in 0-level-expansion of {%
  0 0 0;%
  0 0 0;%
  0 0 \linkLength;%
  0 0 \jointLength;%
  0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio};%
}{\i\par}%
\end{verbatim}%
\smallskip
\endgroup

\noindent yields:

\for\i in 0-level-expansion of {%
  0 0 0;%
  0 0 0;%
  0 0 \linkLength;%
  0 0 \jointLength;%
  0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio};%
}{\i\par}%

\bigskip

\noindent\verb|\for\i in 1-level-expansion of {\MyList}{\i\par}| yields:

\for\i in 1-level-expansion of {\MyList}{\i\par}

\bigskip

\noindent\verb|\for\i in 3-level-expansion of {\MyOuterListContainer}{\i\par}| yields:

\for\i in 3-level-expansion of {\MyOuterListContainer}{\i\par}

\end{document}

enter image description here

  • Thanks @UlrichDiez, that's nearing enough to the approach that i was seeking. Probably the next step (something more elegant but not necessary at all) will be the integration with the for-macro. – Rene Valenzuela Feb 28 at 22:41
  • @ReneValenzuela I added another example which exhibits one way of adding an argument to the \for-macro where you can specify the level of expansion needed with the list-holding argument. – Ulrich Diez Mar 1 at 2:54
0
\documentclass[a4paper]{article}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{pst-solides3d}
%% Variables%%
\pgfmathparse{1.2}\edef\linkLength{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.2}\edef\jointRadio{\pgfmathresult}
\pgfmathparse{0.6}\edef\jointLength{\pgfmathresult}
\newcommand\itlist{
0 0 0;% N°0
0 0 0;% N°1 
0 0 \linkLength;% N°2 
0 0 \jointLength;% N°3
0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio};% N°4
}
\usepackage{listofitems}
\begin{document}
\setsepchar{;/ }
\ignoreemptyitems
\readlist*\mylist{\itlist}
Iterate by row:
\foreachitem\x\in\mylist[]{\par%
  \fbox{\x}
}

Third item on 5th row (the actual tokens):\\
\detokenize\expandafter\expandafter\expandafter{\mylist[5,3]}\\
which expands to \mylist[5,3]

1st, 3rd items on 3rd row, in a box is \fbox{\mylist[3,2],\mylist[3,3]}

Now to iterate on each item:
\foreachitem\x\in\mylist{\par%
  \foreachitem\y\in\mylist[\xcnt]{%
    \fbox{\y}
}}
\end{document}

enter image description here

0

Here's some code I'm developing for leisure. Save the following code as extforeach-code.tex

% extforeach-code.tex

\ExplSyntaxOn
\providecommand\fpeval{\fp_eval:n}

\NewDocumentCommand{\nforeach}{ m +m }
 {
  \tl_clear:N \l__manual_nforeach_type_tl
  \keys_set:nn { manual/nforeach }
   {
    type=integers,start = 1, step = 1, end = 0,
   }
  \keys_set:nn { manual/nforeach } { #1 }
  \__manual_nforeach_exec:n { #2 }
 }

\int_new:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int
\int_new:N \g__manual_fp_map_int
\tl_new:N \l__manual_nforeach_type_tl

\keys_define:nn { manual/nforeach }
 {
  type .choice:,
  type .value_required:n = true,
  type/integers .code:n = \tl_set:Nn \l__manual_nforeach_type_tl { integers },
  type/fp       .code:n = \tl_set:Nn \l__manual_nforeach_type_tl { fp },
  type/alph     .code:n = \tl_set:Nn \l__manual_nforeach_type_tl { alph },
  type/Alph     .code:n = \tl_set:Nn \l__manual_nforeach_type_tl { Alph },
  start .tl_set:N = \l__manual_nforeach_start_tl,
  step  .tl_set:N = \l__manual_nforeach_step_tl,
  end   .tl_set:N = \l__manual_nforeach_end_tl,
 }

\cs_new_protected:Nn \__manual_nforeach_exec:n
 {
  \int_gincr:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int
  \str_case:Vn \l__manual_nforeach_type_tl
   {
    {integers}{\__manual_nforeach_exec_integers:n { #1 }}
    {fp}      {\__manual_nforeach_exec_fp:n { #1 }}
    {alph}    {\__manual_nforeach_exec_alph:Nn \int_to_alph:n { #1 }}
    {Alph}    {\__manual_nforeach_exec_alph:Nn \int_to_Alph:n { #1 }}
   }
  \int_gdecr:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int
 }
\cs_generate_variant:Nn \str_case:nn { V }

\cs_new_protected:Nn \__manual_nforeach_exec_integers:n
 {
  \int_step_inline:nnnn
   { \l__manual_nforeach_start_tl }
   { \l__manual_nforeach_step_tl }
   { \l__manual_nforeach_end_tl }
   { #1 }
 }
\cs_new_protected:Nn \__manual_nforeach_exec_alph:Nn
 {
  \cs_set:cn { __manual_nforeach_alph_ \int_use:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int :n } { #2 }
  \cs_generate_variant:cn
   { __manual_nforeach_alph_ \int_use:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int :n }
   { f }
  \int_step_inline:nnnn
   { \int_from_alph:f { \l__manual_nforeach_start_tl } }
   { \l__manual_nforeach_step_tl }
   { \int_from_alph:f { \l__manual_nforeach_end_tl } }
   {
    \use:c { __manual_nforeach_alph_ \int_use:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int :f }
     { #1 { ##1 } }
   }
 }
\cs_generate_variant:Nn \cs_generate_variant:Nn { c }
\cs_generate_variant:Nn \int_from_alph:n { f }

\cs_new_protected:Nn \__manual_nforeach_exec_fp:n
 {
  \fp_step_inline:nnnn
   { \l__manual_nforeach_start_tl }
   { \l__manual_nforeach_step_tl }
   { \l__manual_nforeach_end_tl }
   { #1 }
 }

\NewDocumentCommand{\lforeach}{ s O{} m +m }
 {
  \IfBooleanTF{#1}
   {
    \manual_lforeach:non { #2 } { #3 } { #4 }
   }
   {
    \manual_lforeach:nnn { #2 } { #3 } { #4 }
   }
 }

\cs_new_protected:Nn \manual_lforeach:nnn
 {
  \keys_set:nn { manual/lforeach } { single }
  \keys_set:nn { manual/lforeach } { #1 }
  \clist_set:Nn \l__manual_lforeach_list_clist { #2 }
  \int_gincr:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int
  \__manual_lforeach_define:n { #3 }
  \clist_map_inline:Nn \l__manual_lforeach_list_clist
   {
    \use:c { __manual_lforeach_ \int_use:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int _action:w } ##1 \q_stop
   }
  \int_gdecr:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int
 }
\cs_generate_variant:Nn \manual_lforeach:nnn { no }

\cs_new_protected:Nn \__manual_lforeach_define:n
 {
  \exp_last_unbraced:NcV
   \cs_set:Npn
   { __manual_lforeach_ \int_use:N \g__manual_foreach_map_int _action:w }
   \l__manual_lforeach_format_tl
   \q_stop
   {#1}
 }

\keys_define:nn { manual/lforeach }
 {
  format .tl_set:N = \l__manual_lforeach_format_tl,
  single .code:n = \tl_set:Nn \l__manual_lforeach_format_tl { ##1 },
  double .code:n = \tl_set:Nn \l__manual_lforeach_format_tl { ##1/##2 },
  triple .code:n = \tl_set:Nn \l__manual_lforeach_format_tl { ##1/##2/##3 },
 }
\ExplSyntaxOff

Now your document can be

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{xparse,xfp}

\input{extforeach-code.tex}

\newcommand\linkLength{1.2}
\newcommand\jointRadio{0.2}
\newcommand\jointLength{0.6}

\newcounter{lines}

\begin{document}

\lforeach[format=#1 #2 #3]{
  0 0 0, % N°0
  0 0 0, % N°1
  0 0 \linkLength, % N°2
  0 0 \jointLength, % N°3
  0 {\jointLength*0.5} {\linkLength + \jointRadio}, % N°4
}
{%
 \stepcounter{lines}Line \thelines\ is \fpeval{#1}~\fpeval{#2}~\fpeval{#3}\par 
}

\end{document}

With the help of xfp we can even evaluate expressions.

The format key sets up a template for each item in the comma separated list given as first mandatory argument, here #1 #2 #3 means the item will consist of things like

<subitem><space><subitem><space><subitem>

The second mandatory argument is code that uses the arguments set up in the template. There are abbreviations single (default if nothing is specified), double and triple that stand for

format=#1
format=#1/#2
format=#1/#2/#3

respectively.

enter image description here

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