I am trying to use the table environment inside the solution environment of the exam documentclass. Unfortunately this doesnt work as stated in this question since table is also a float.

The solution environment internally uses a \vbox and this has as a consequence that floats are not allowed inside this environment. Instead of using the floating environment table you can use a center environment

Since they work outside of the solution environment i am looking for a way to modify \begin{table} ... \end{table} to act as it is outside the solution and inside replaces itself with \begin{center}...\end{center}.

Fortunately as this post shows its easy to find out whether or not you are inside a solution environment. I tested this and it works.
However since the documents i have to adapt to the exam documentclass are numerous and are also used in other documentclasses I would ideally not create a new environment but adapt the table environments similar to what happend here to the figure or here to tabular environment. This is my code so far:
UPDATE: I dont know why, but with \center instead of \begin{center} the error is gone and also allows a way to tread the optional argument of table



{\ifinner \center    \else  \oldtable[#1] \fi}
{\ifinner \endcenter \else  \endoldtable  \fi}


\begin{questions} %error is no \question 

\question{Question featuring a table environment}

        Question & in  \\
        Question & part \\

Solution featuring a table environment

            Solution & in  \\
            Solution & part \\




But I fear I am not handling the paramter of table correct, since this leads to the error: Unknown float option `['. \begin{table}[

This solution works outside "inner" and can handle the optional argument of table, however if \ifinner is true i get the error

Extra }, or forgotten \endgroup. \end{table}

Does anyone has a suggestion on how to adapt table based on the environment?

Thank you very much

  • 4
    As long as you don't use \caption, you can use the center environment. If you need a caption, use \captionof{table}{some caption}.
    – Bernard
    Mar 4, 2019 at 16:35
  • Thanks! This is a solution i can use for future documents, yet i still need a way to handle the existing ones without changeging the table parts in them
    – Finn
    Mar 5, 2019 at 7:49
  • In this case, another possibility is to use the ``[H]` placement specifier (defined by the float package), which can easily be done with Search and Replace in your editor.
    – Bernard
    Mar 5, 2019 at 10:15

1 Answer 1


I found a solution and posting it here as answer if someoneelse is facing this issue. The (in hindsight obvious) problem was that \ifinner works in the beginning, because it is a floating environment, but as soon as \table begins it is not anymore. Therefor the \endcenter could no be reached. I have tried a few alternatives and found the easiest way is to define a custom boolean that checks if the ifinner of the modified table is reached and use this to set a boolean. On the \endtablethis boolean can then be used to take care of ending it correctly.

\newif\ifinsidefloatingenv  %set boolean for 
\insidefloatingenvfalse     %not necessary but to be sure its false

{\ifinner               \center \insidefloatingenvtrue     \else    \oldtable[#1]   \fi}
{\ifinsidefloatingenv   \endcenter \insidefloatingenvfalse \else    \endoldtable    \fi}

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