# Include landscape figure pdf into document

I have a large figure over 2 pages which I would like to include into my latex file. This figure is an external PDF and in landscape format already. I want to be able to reference the figure in the text via \ref, so it needs a label. The code below works fine, but as soon as I use the figure environment, the rotation of the image is wrong (no landscape anymore). I tried an alternative solution via. includegraphics, but the image was always too small (and somehow not centered). Is there any way to do that properly?

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{pdfpages}

\begin{document}

Figure \ref{fig:document} shows\ldots

\begin{figure}[h!]
\includepdf[pages=1,landscape=true]{Figure1.pdf}  % exemplary landscape figure, 2 pages long
\label{fig:document}
\end{figure}

\end{document}


It doesnt really have to be a figure environment, as I do not use a list of figures. I just need to be able to link to it and reference it. Any hints highly appreciated.

Edit: Please note, in this case, a caption is not necessary. I am basically looking for a method to include a picture that already has a caption. But I want to link it from the text.

• The figure environment can't span several pages. Therefore you should use the capt-of package (or caption if you already use it for something else) and the \captionof{figure}{<caption>} command. – Skillmon Mar 14 at 18:57
• @Skillmon ah I see, thanks. So just use \captionof{figure}{<caption>}, that's it? Maybe you could make a full example? I don't fully understand how to use the command. It throws errors atm when I am trying. – ghx Mar 14 at 19:09
• Did you use \usepackage{capt-of} or \usepackage{caption} in the preamble? – Skillmon Mar 14 at 21:16
• I am using \usepackage{caption} – ghx Mar 14 at 23:03
• \includepdf is not meant to produce something with a caption.. – Skillmon Mar 15 at 9:37

You could include them in a landscape environment and then use minipages to enforce that the caption is on the same page as the image. This will not lead to full width inclusion though:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage[]{graphicx}
\usepackage{caption}
\usepackage{pdflscape}

\begin{document}

Figure \ref{fig:duck1} shows\ldots

\begin{landscape}
\noindent
\begin{minipage}{\linewidth}
\centering
\includegraphics
[page=1,width=\linewidth,height=.95\textheight,keepaspectratio]
{example-image-duck}
\captionof{figure}{a duck\label{fig:duck1}}
\end{minipage}
\begin{minipage}{\linewidth}
\includegraphics
[page=2,width=\linewidth,height=.95\textheight,keepaspectratio]
{example-image-duck}
\captionof{figure}{another duck\label{fig:duck2}}
\end{minipage}
\end{landscape}

\end{document}


A late edit:

The following produces two clickable links that make the PDF viewer jump to the pages the two ducks are placed:

\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{pdfpages}
\usepackage[]{hyperref}

\begin{document}

\clearpage % important or else the first link is on the wrong page
\hypertarget{hyp:duck1}
{\includepdf[pages=1,landscape=true]{example-image-duck}}
\hypertarget{hyp:duck2}
{\includepdf[pages=2,landscape=true]{example-image-duck}}

\end{document}

• thanks, I actually had something similar working. The problem is that the image is pretty large and this method makes it shrink too much in the width. P.S: nice duck. – ghx Mar 15 at 13:05
• I do not need a caption necessarily, I just want to have the image as large as possible, if that changes anything. – ghx Mar 15 at 13:06
• @ghx but how do you want to reference it if there is no caption?! – Skillmon Mar 15 at 13:59
• I don't know, I thought maybe by marking the area in the document before the inclusion of the file somehow and then link to the marker? That would be a workaround. I don't know if it is possible in Latex though – ghx Mar 15 at 14:39
• If it should be just a hyper link that opens that page on clicking, it is possible. But how should that help in a document? You can't have any number of something like that in the text. Maybe placing a hyper target and saving the page number could help. Is that something you want? – Skillmon Mar 15 at 16:36